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processing of uranium

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
...Abstract Abstract Uranium is a moderately strong and ductile metal that can be cast, formed, and welded by a variety of standard methods. This article presents an overview of the processing and properties of uranium and uranium alloys with a brief overview of the principal hazards...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003166
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... very high density materials: depleted uranium and tungsten and their alloys. applications depleted uranium design considerations health considerations mechanical properties metallurgy processing tungsten tungsten alloys uranium alloys very high density metals VERY HIGH DENSITY...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... by solidification and mechanical working processes. depleted uranium etching grain structure inclusions macroexamination mechanical working metal flow geometry metallography microexamination microstructure physical metallurgy segregation pattern solidification thin foils transmission electron...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006256
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
...Abstract Abstract Heat treatment of depleted uranium (DU) alloys with 4.0 wt% or more molybdenum or equivalent is similar to that of dilute alloys. This article discusses the metallurgical characteristics and processing considerations of DU and its alloys, and describes the control of grain...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005711
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... zirconium coating used as an atomic diffusion barrier between uranium reactor fuel and the surrounding aluminum cladding Coatings for Nuclear Fuel Processing Before and After Irradiation Thermal spraying is used for coatings or spray-formed parts that come in contact with highly reactive molten...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002192
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
..., the cutting time, tool wear, and fire danger are significantly decreased ( Ref 8 ). Tool Wear and Types of Tools From a machining standpoint, uranium and its alloys are generally tough, soft, and gummy (adherent), although some alloys can be quite hard, depending on the metallurgical processing ( Ref...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003828
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... , 33 , 34 ). The oxide spalls off of the surface at a thickness of approximately 1 μm (25 mils), leading to a reinitialization of the process. The spalling of oxide results in the linear kinetics characteristic of the steady-state oxidation of uranium. In fact, the linear kinetics are really a series...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003839
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... constituents, chemical degradation of interphases and reinforcements, microstructure-influenced corrosion, and processing-induced corrosion. The article elaborates on the corrosion behavior of specific aluminum, magnesium, titanium, copper, stainless steel, lead, depleted uranium, and zinc MMCs systems...
Image
Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 17 Calculated mass absorption coefficient for uranium as a function of photon energy (solid line) and contributions of various atomic processes (dashed lines). Rayleigh scattering is the difference between total scattering and Compton scattering. More
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001744
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... or nonnernstian) or involve chemical reactions, such as a follow-up reaction, coupled to the electron transfer. Many of the analytical methods of controlled-potential coulometry are based on such reactions; examples are the procedures for vanadium and uranium. Irreversible processes require a greater difference...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001732
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... was precipitated from the test solutions, which were 2.3 M in HNO 3 , using the procedure shown in Fig. 11 . Aqueous uranium standards (prepared from uranyl nitrate), reagent blanks, and test samples were processed in the same manner. The acid concentrations of all standards and reagent blanks were matched...
Book Chapter

By G. Keough
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... melting, was originally developed in the early 1950s by the U.S. Bureau of Mines in Albany, Oregon ( Ref 1 , 2 ). Both methods are used to melt significant quantities of contamination free titanium for ingots or near net shape castings. Because the processes are used to melt reactive metals...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003587
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
..., thermocouple wells, the makeup vessel, and the container itself. This selection process may be an experiment in itself. Nitrates/Nitrites Nitrate mixtures have probably been studied and used more than any other molten salt group. This is perhaps because of the low operating temperatures possible (200...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006228
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... incorporation into the cementite. This process requires diffusion of carbon by one or more of three paths: through the austenite, through the ferrite, or along the interface. The lower the transformation temperature, the greater is the chemical energy driving the reaction, resulting in a finer pearlite size...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001332
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...Abstract Abstract Welding and joining processes are essential for the development of virtually every manufactured product. This article discusses the fundamentals of fusion welding processes, with an emphasis on the underlying scientific principles. It reviews the role of energy-source...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
...Abstract Abstract This article provides a discussion on the process descriptions, processing conditions, and processing variables of the most common chemical methods for metal powder production. These methods include oxide reduction, precipitation from solution, and thermal decomposition...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... These properties, combined with its good mechanical properties, make zirconium very useful in nuclear power applications, especially as cladding for uranium fuel and for other reactor internals. Today, a high proportion of zirconium is used in water-cooled nuclear reactors; the next largest used is in chemical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006679
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... other ( Ref 12 ) Examination of corroded materials ( Ref 13 ) Determination of uranium and plutonium assays in nuclear fuel ( Ref 14 , 15 ) Electrochemical Cells The basic process of an electrochemical reaction requires an electrochemical cell comprised of two half cells...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001084
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
...Abstract Abstract Zirconium, hafnium, and titanium are produced from ore that generally is found in a heavy beach sand containing zircon, rutile, and ilmenite. This article discusses the processing methods of these metals, namely, liquid-liquid separation process, distillation separation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006642
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... are described later in this article. Basic Principles Neutron activation analysis is used to determine the mass or mass fraction (or volume concentration) of chemical element(s) contained in a bulk material. The NAA measurement process, like many other analytical techniques (e.g., inductively coupled...