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probabilistic analysis

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003514
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article describes the historical background, uncertainties in structural parameters, classifications, and application areas of probabilistic analysis. It provides a discussion on the basic definition of random variables, some common distribution functions used in engineering...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006803
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... as well as several statistical techniques. Finally, it illustrates some of the techniques with application problems for which probabilistic analysis is an essential element. discrete probability distribution sampling Latin hypercube sampling Monte Carlo sampling probabilistic life assessment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002369
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... ( Ref 10 ) cover the probabilistic analysis. Tangjitham and Landgraf ( Ref 11 ) and Veers et al. ( Ref 12 ) provide a couple of specific application examples. Basic Descriptors of Variability and Uncertainty One descriptor for variability or uncertainty that is used repeatedly in this article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002436
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
..., and probabilistic estimates. event tree analysis failure mode and effect analysis fault tree analysis hazard analysis perceived risk predicted risk probabilistic estimates process design real risk risk analysis risk-benefit analysis safety analysis statistical risk NO SYSTEM devised or used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... elastic fracture mechanics analysis, with some mention of elastic-plastic fracture mechanics analysis. The article describes the probabilistic aspects of fatigue and fracture. Information on crack-growth simulation of the material is also provided. crack-growth simulation elastic-plastic fracture...
Image
Published: 01 December 2009
Fig. 9 Philosophical construct for simulation-assisted fatigue analysis as focused on relating variability of structure to properties or responses, with emphasis on distributions and probabilistic approaches. LCF, low-cycle fatigue More
Image
Published: 01 October 2014
Fig. 19 Probabilistic approach, which captures batch-to-batch variations in alloy chemistry during the carburizing operation and predicts distortion variations. DOE, design of experiment; FEA, finite-element analysis. Source: Ref 42 More
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003515
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... (PFA). The article describes the damage tolerance approach to life management of cyclic-limited engine components and lists the commonly used nondestructive evaluation methods. It concludes with an illustration on the role of NDE, as quantified by POD, in fully probabilistic life management...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
..., mean time between failures, and useful life period. The article describes the calculation of reliabilities for series and parallel arrangements of a complex system. It provides a comparison of probabilistic and deterministic design and concludes with a discussion on reliability growth. general...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005505
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... probabilistic optimization or robust optimization—have been developed to address uncertainty and randomness through statistical modeling and probabilistic analysis ( Ref 29 , 30 ). These probabilistic approaches have been developed to convert deterministic problem formulations into stochastic formulations...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... information on fatigue life assessment, elevated-temperature life assessment, and fitness-for-service life assessment. elevated-temperature life assessment fabrication failure analysis fatigue life assessment fitness-for-service life assessment material defects nondestructive inspection stress...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006802
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of hard alpha melt-related defects within the forging. Analysis of the striations was critical in understanding the crack growth rate from this defect, which began early in the life of this component ( Ref 26 ). As a result of the Sioux City incident, a probabilistic life assessment approach was taken...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006096
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
.... Nonprobabilistic sampling is deterministic rather than being based on probability, for example, as in grab sampling. Probabilistic sampling is the preferred method. In terms of errors, both sampling and analysis are error-generating steps, with the consequence that the overall estimation error (OE...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
...-sided ridges contacting peak-to-peak; this simplified modeling because plane-strain conditions could be assumed in the subsequent analysis. Because diffusion bonding does not take place by one mechanism alone, seven possible mechanisms were considered. Plastic yielding deforming an original...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0009217
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... Abstract Fatigue crack growth rate testing and data analysis are performed to characterize the crack propagation resistance of material environment combinations in order to predict crack growth life under anticipated stress histories. This article presents analyses performed on the numerical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002476
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... material with an obvious scatter in tensile strength is selected for its high-strength attributes, or inert behavior, then components should be designed using an appropriate design methodology rooted in statistical analysis. However, the reliability approach presented in this chapter demands...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003641
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... out a failure analysis, the analyst must consider a broad spectrum of possibilities or reasons for the failure occurrence. A large number of factors, frequently uncorrelated, have to be considered to determine the cause of the original failure. If the failure can be duplicated under controlled...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... high-stress areas. This frequently makes the analysis more complex than would be required for a similar part made of metal. The fact that the material strength shows considerable variability means that the design will have to be based on probabilistic methods. For years, ceramics have been used...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003088
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Risks and consequences of underspecification Consequences of overspecification Risk and hazard analysis Failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA) Safety analysis Design process/configuration Probabilistic or deterministic statistical approach Stress or load considerations...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0009212
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... Abstract This article discusses statistical concepts that form the basis of most of the following articles on specific areas of applied statistics and data analysis. It reviews some of the basic concepts that must be understood to successfully apply the statistical procedures, including...