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preventive risk evaluation

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002436
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... quantitative evaluations can only deal with those parameters that can be counted or computed, it is bound not to include all the parameters that concern an individual. Perhaps the most important factor not accounted for in analytical methods is risk manageability or controllability. Individuals feel less...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... presented, and the likelihood of resulting serious injury or death. In its analysis, the firm should also evaluate the state of the manufacturing or scientific art, the availability of alternative designs or products, and the feasibility of eliminating the risk” ( Ref 4 ). Such a risk assessment may...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... be an invaluable aid in materials selection. The section “Risk Assessment in Design” in this article briefly reviews the use of risk and hazard analysis in design. In addition to multifunctional design approaches, sophisticated design tools have been developed to assist in preventing failures. Fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in materials selection. The section “Risk Assessment in Design” briefly reviews the use of risk and hazard analysis in design. In addition to multifunctional design approaches, sophisticated design tools have been developed to assist in preventing failures. Fracture mechanics is often used to create flaw...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001322
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... for specific cadmium applications. This section provides general, qualitative guidance regarding potential cadmium replacements in terms of general performance, environmental, and economic factors. Replacing coatings inherently creates performance risks that must be evaluated and accepted by qualified...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002440
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... and risk. The U.S. courts generally hold that any risk that can be eliminated by reasonable accident prevention methods is unreasonable and unacceptable. A high risk of injury could be considered reasonable and acceptable if the injury is minimal and the risk is recognized by the individual concerned...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004110
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... of a pipeline. ECDA includes primarily nonintrusive or above ground examinations, which are tailored to the pipeline or segment to be evaluated. In addition, physical examinations (direct assessments) of the pipeline at sites identified as potential areas of concern by analysis of the indirect examinations...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002439
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... occurrences, but instead result mostly from poor planning or adverse conditions of the environments in which people live, work, drive and play. In our view, ‘accidents’ nearly always are preventable—as are many illnesses.” If for no other reason, one should emphasize safety as a matter of enlightened self...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Abstract This article provides a detailed discussion on the corrosion of steel and stainless steel under insulation. Stress corrosion cracking mechanism, types of alloys susceptible to corrosion, factors influencing corrosion, and corrosion prevention methods, are also discussed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... tends to behave in a ductile fashion and can absorb more energy prior to fracture. The definition of low temperature and high temperature are all relative to the material of construction. To prevent brittle fracture failures, an engineering evaluation is typically performed to establish a minimum...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003505
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... that can be eliminated by reasonable accident-prevention methods is unreasonable and unacceptable. A high risk of injury could be considered reasonable and acceptable if the injury is minimal and the risk is recognized by the individual concerned. As might be expected, there is extensive and ongoing...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003088
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... challenge in engineering design. Performance specifications, risk and hazard analysis, design process, design for manufacture and assembly, design for quality, reliability in design, and redesign are considered for functional requirements. Life-cycle analysis considers raw-material extraction from the earth...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... evaluation, hazard controls, Occupational Safety and Health Administration standards, and industry consensus standards. It concludes with a description of containment systems to prevent environmental exposures from industrial paint removal projects. air sampling coating environmental hazards health...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of the story if the failure analysis is intended to prevent future failures or to determine liability. In that case, the discovery net widens further as the root cause of failure is sought. The root cause of failure is the “why” of the failure. The root cause of failure may involve human factors...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... the compaction of metal powders, and the safe operation of continuous mesh belt sintering furnaces. Safety and Environmental Aspects—Powder Handling During metal powder production, powder handling, compaction, and part-finishing operations, many safety and environmental risks exist. The intention herein...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... in a process or facility; NFPA 652-16, Chapter 7.) It is the reader’s responsibility to consult qualified health, safety, environmental, fire protection engineering, and building construction experts to evaluate the effectiveness and suitability of any safety evaluations and prevention/protection measures...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005659
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... is to evaluate the risk incurred by replacing the device with a second surgery when the initial device is no longer effective. This assessment of risk versus benefit is the basis for determining the approval of a device by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and other national agencies. If complete...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002426
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... All evaluation methods in some sense balance expected benefits against potential risks. Therefore, the notion of explicitly looking for technical and manufacturing risks in a design is useful. The idea is to look for any previously unquestioned assumptions that have been made while generating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... cracking with time To maintain structural integrity, steps must be taken toward the prevention, detection, repair, and prediction of the initiation and growth of structural damage ( Ref 8 ). This matter is a frontier between safety and economy issues, and every evaluation must be carefully appraised...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005346
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... is influenced at the product and process design stage as shown in Fig. 1 ( Ref 3 ). By planning for quality, the goal is to prevent mistakes from occurring instead of relying on the old tried and true method of detecting issues. This is not to say that prevention of every issue can be achieved, as sometimes...