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pre-heat treatment

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005611
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... study. The control of the essential variables of dynamic beam deflection is also reviewed. The article also includes information on the applications of high-frequency multibeam processes, namely, selective surface treatment, multiple-pool welding, and pre- and post-heat treating. References...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
..., S31500, S32550, S31200, S31260, S32304, S32750, S32900, S32950 A 276-91 Stainless and heat-resisting steel bars and shapes S31803 Composition and pitting resistance equivalent (PRE) values for selected commercial duplex stainless steels Table 3 Composition and pitting resistance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006261
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
...Abstract Abstract This article provides information on nickel alloying elements, and the heat treatment processes of various nickel alloys for applications requiring corrosion resistance and/or high-temperature strength. These processes are homogenization, annealing, solution annealing...
Book Chapter

By Paul J. Walsh
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0009241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... and improved tensile strength upon subsequent heat treatment. Carbonization of standard and intermediate modulus fiber typically involves pyrolyzing the fibers to temperatures ranging from 1000 to 1500 °C (1800 to 2700 °F) in an inert atmosphere, typically to a 95% carbon content. An additional high heat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005976
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... (c) 0.40–0.60 … … … 1.00–2.00 15.00–17.00 0.10–0.40 +N (a) Steels available with commercial brands and EN-standards, some examples are: Mat. No. 1.2311, 1.2312, 1.2738. For detailed information on heat treatment parameters consult specific brochures of the suppliers. (b) Steels...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... applications ASTM steel specification Type (a) Yield strength, min (b) Heat treatment (c) Microstructure (d) MPa ksi A516 grade 70 Carbon, C-Mn 262 38 N+ F-P A588 grade A HSLA, Cu-Cr-V 345 50 N+ F-P A633 grade C HSLA, C-Mn-Cb 345 50 N F-P A808 HSLA, C-Mn-Cb 345...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006661
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... sweep for various heating-rate values for the pre-exponential factor for first-order desorption, A = 10 18 /s Fig. 1 Temperature-programmed desorption spectrum of the desorption of CO and CO 2 from an activated carbon substrate. Source: Ref 10 Fig. 5 Schematic of a temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005958
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... of pre-eutectoid carbides at grain boundaries, which can cause embrittlement. Salt bath furnaces can be divided into two main groups. For the low-temperature stage (first preheating salt bath, quenching, and tempering baths), electrically or gas-heated pot furnaces with metallic crucibles can be used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.9781627081771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006268
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
...% by the boxed numbers. The four equilibrium phases involved here are given. Except α, all the corresponding single-phase regions lie outside the range of this diagram, as indicated by arrows. Abstract Abstract This article describes the effects of alloying and heat treatment on the metastable...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006427
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... and Material on Advanced Powertrain Technologies , 5th Asian Conference on Heat Treatment and Surface Engineering , Hangzhou, China , November 12–14, 2016 10. Molewyk M. , Wong V.W. , and James C. , “In Situ Control of Lubricant Properties for Reduction of Power Cylinder Friction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... be induced during welding; these can lead to distortion and formation of microcracks within the weld zone. The use of ductile filler materials in combination with pre- and postwelding heat treatments improves weldability. Proper protection of the weld pool is mandatory to avoid contaminating it by the pickup...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.9781627081702
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006310
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
..., which promote low ductility, low toughness, and persistent pearlite. Manganese must be controlled when castings will later receive an austempered ductile iron (ADI) heat treatment. The maximum manganese content will be determined by factors such as section thickness and nodule count. It is important...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006511
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
..., general-purpose bright dips. Special attention to the alloy being brightened is always required, and pre-bright dip handling may be necessary for alloys that contain high levels of magnesium and silicon, for example. Excessive heat treating after extrusion may cause “white areas” on the work surfaces...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... part that had been heat treated to a tensile strength of 1930 to 2070 MPa (280 to 300 ksi); the transmission-electron-microscope fractograph in Fig. 6 shows the presence of corrosion products on the fracture surface. Fig. 6 Pre-existing cleavage crack, in light fractograph (a) that grew from...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... intergranular portion of crack surface, formed at the time of final fracture. 80× (a); 2000× (b and c) Fig. 6 Pre-existing cleavage crack, in light fractograph (a) that grew from several origins and served as the nucleus for an overload fracture in a 300M steel part that had been heat treated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... Flowchart for pre- and post-heat-treatment cleaning operation Fig. 4 Various layers on the surface of a workpiece before heat treatment Abstract Abstract This article provides an overview of surface contaminants that may affect the heat treatment processes and end-product quality...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005725
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
...” in this article and in greater detail in the article “Postcoating Operations” of the “Pre- and Postcoating Processing” Division of this Volume, these operations include finishing treatments (such as grinding and polishing), densification treatments (fusion, hot isostatic pressing, and heat treating), sealing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... Engineers , 1986 , p 199 – 208 12. Dorsett T.E. , Development of a Composite Coating for Pre-Coated Automotive Sheet Metal (SAE Paper 862027) , in Proceedings of the Automotive Corrosion and Prevention Conference , P-188, Society of Automotive Engineers , 1986 , p 163 – 173 13...