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powder metallurgy material

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... 565 6.2 4.57 1120 2050 981 142 7.87 0.2844 1502 218 1788 260 5.5 12.3 572 6.0 4.42 Fig. 2 Comparison of material use for a conventionally forged reverse idler gear (top) and the equivalent powder forged part (bottom). Material yield in conventional forging is 31%; that...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003112
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Iron powders are the most widely used powder metallurgy (P/M) material for structural parts. This article reviews low to medium density iron and low-alloy steel parts produced by the pressing and sintering technology. It explains different powder production methods, including Hoeganaes...
Book Chapter

By Erhard Klar
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., friction materials in the 1930s, and several refractory metals and so-called structural parts in the 1940s. The latter application evolved parallel to the growth of the automotive industry, and, to the present day, overall use of powder metallurgy in fully industrialized countries is strongly dependent on...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract This article provides a detailed discussion on the most commonly employed tests and specific examples of the use of these tests in evaluating the corrosion resistance of powder metallurgy (P/M) stainless steels. It describes the influence of various processing parameters on the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006445
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... Abstract The potential for introducing defects during processing becomes greater as the relative density of pressed and sintered powder metallurgy (PM) parts increases and more multilevel parts with complex geometric shapes are produced. This article discusses the potential defects in pressed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.9781627081757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... metallurgical processes, including pyrometallurgical, hydrometallurgical, and electrometallurgical processes. electrometallurgical process extractive metallurgy hydrometallurgical process mineral processing mining pyrometallurgical process THE REVERSION of metals into compounds is a natural...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003988
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Abstract Powder forging is an extension of the conventional press and sinter powder metallurgy process, which is recognized as an effective technology for producing a variety of parts to net or near-net shape. This article focuses on the material considerations, such as powder characteristics...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006261
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... Wrought, cast 19.5 57.0 13.5 4.3 … … 3.0 1.4 2.0 max 0.07 0.006 B, 0.09 Zr (a) PM, powder metallurgy; P, polycrystalline; SC, single crystal; DS, directionally solidified. (b) B-1900 + Hf also contains 1.5% Hf. (c) MAR-M 200 + Hf also contains 1.5% Hf The general types of...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003124
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., the heat treatable alloys of the 2 xxx group can be used for temperatures up to ∼150 °C (300 °F). Aged rapidly solidified powder metallurgy alloys (Al-Fe-V-Si alloys) maintain usable strengths at temperatures as high as 315 °C (600 °F). Although few products are sold and used in their...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... Abstract This article describes the general categories and metallurgy of heat treatable aluminum alloys. It briefly reviews the key impurities and each of the principal alloying elements in aluminum alloys, namely, copper, magnesium, manganese, silicon, zinc, iron, lithium, titanium, boron...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006680
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Abstract X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) techniques are used to characterize samples in the form of loose powders, aggregates of finely divided material or polycrystalline specimens. This article provides a detailed account of XRPD. It begins with a discussion on XRPD instrumentation and the...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003166
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...). This is calcined to form blue oxide (WO ∼2.8 ), which is then reduced to metallic tungsten via hydrogen reduction. Because of the extremely high melting point (3410 °C, or 6170 °F) of tungsten, virtually all commercial production of bulk shapes is done via powder metallurgy. For making tungsten rod...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... mechanical properties oxide-dispersion-strengthened copper materials physical properties powder metallurgy powder production COPPER-BASE POWDER METALLURGY (P/M) products rank second after iron and steel productsin terms of volume. According to the Metal Powder Industries Federation (MPIF), the...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Stainless steel powder metallurgy (P/M) parts represent an important and growing segment of the P/M industry. This article describes the processing, properties, and composition of medium-density and high-density P/M stainless steels. Medium-density materials are processed by pressing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006649
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... metal powders powder characterization POWDER is a dry assembly of a large number of small particles (solid and/or porous) with either a uniform particle size or a range of particle size distribution from submicrometer to millimeters. Materials in powder form are widely applied in science and...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... powder form through a submerged lance with the help of a carrier gas or by encasing the materials in a wire by injection metallurgy. The primary objectives of introducing powdered reagents into liquid steel are for desulfurization, deoxidation, alloy dissolution, and inclusion shape control. Powders are...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004002
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Abstract Discontinuously reinforced aluminum (DRA) alloy metal-matrix composites (MMCs) represent an advanced aluminum materials concept whereby ceramic particles, or whiskers, are added to aluminum-base alloys through the use of either ingot-melting or casting and/or powder-metallurgy (P/M...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... end of the cost/performance spectrum are the particle-reinforced molten (or cast) metal composites. In between lie medium-priced composites, including those produced by preform infiltration and powder metallurgy (P/M) techniques. Fig. 1 The material cost versus performance of various aluminum...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003245
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., namely mounting, grinding, polishing, and etching involved in the microstructural analysis of carbon and alloy steels, case hardening steels, cast iron, ferrous powder metallurgy alloys, wrought and cast stainless steels, tool materials, steel castings, iron-chromium-nickel heat-resistant casting alloys...