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Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract This article discusses the methods, equipment, and theory for pouring, solidifying, and stripping steel ingots. It describes the two basic types of pouring methods: top pouring and bottom pouring. The equipment includes hot tops, ingot molds, and stools. The design of the ingot is...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005904
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... discusses the various processes involved in melting, holding, and pouring of liquid melt in crucible induction furnaces wherein the holding operation is carried out in channel furnace and pouring operation in pressure-actuated pouring furnaces. The article examines the behavior of furnace refractory lining...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005905
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... Table 1 Characteristic data for melting and holding aluminum furnace Plant data Melting furnace Pouring furnace Minimum heel, tons 8 5 Useful charge, tons 40 40 Total capacity, tons 48 45 Number of inductors 4 2 Power, kW 3200 1600 Melt rate, tons/h 7 3...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006337
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... principle of pressure-actuated pouring furnaces and provides information on the effect of pouring magnesium-treated melts. cast iron melting channel induction furnace cokeless cupola cupola furnaces electric arc furnaces induction crucible furnace induction furnaces magnesium-treated melts...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005337
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... discusses the types of molding methods, such as rammed graphite molding and lost-wax investment molding. The article provides information on the casting design, melting, postcasting, and pouring practices. It describes the microstructure and mechanical properties of Ti-6AI-4V alloy. The article examines the...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... solidification iron foundry casting melting molten metal treatment cast iron foundry inoculation pouring magnesium treatment production quality tests FOUNDRY PRACTICES critical to the production of cast irons include melting, alloying, molten metal treatment, pouring, and the design of feeding...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005258
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
..., such as expendable molds and permanent molds, used for centrifugal casting. The article also discusses the steps in casting process, namely, pouring, solidification, and babbitting. It provides information on the applications of the horizontal centrifugal casting. horizontal centrifugal casting...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005259
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... permanent molds and their production considerations. It describes the speed of rotation, mold speeds curves, and pouring techniques that are considered in the operation of vertical centrifugal casting machines. vertical centrifugal casting machines sand molds vertical centrifugal casting mold...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005327
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract This article presents a discussion on the melting, pouring, and shakeout practices; composition control; molds, patterns, and casting design; heat treatment; and applications of different classes of nickel-chromium white irons and high-chromium white irons. iron castings heat...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005299
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... pouring CAST STEEL production worldwide currently is approximately 9 × 10 6 metric tons per year, which is approximately 10% of the total worldwide casting tonnage of 85 × 10 6 metric tons ( Ref 1 ). Sand mold and permanent mold casting are the major methods for shape casting of steels, with...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005334
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
.... The article discusses the flux process and fluxless process for the melting and pouring of magnesium alloys. It describes the advantages and disadvantages of green sand molding and tabulates typical compositions and properties of magnesium molding sands. The article provides information on the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006329
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... Abstract Foundry practices critical to the production of cast irons include melting, alloying, molten metal treatment, pouring, and the design of feeding systems (gating and risering) to allow proper filling of the casting mold. This article reviews these production stages of iron foundry...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006316
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
.../pouring procedure, mold properties (mold temperature, thermophysical properties of mold and mold coating), and casting design. casting design chilling tendency cooling rate holding time inoculation macrostructure microstructure molten iron pouring solidification thin-wall gray iron...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... system through various partial solutions to the prepriming approach. The naturally pressurized filling system is characterized by the narrowness of its flow channels. The article discusses the six individual parts of the naturally pressurized filling system, namely, offset stepped pouring basin, sprue...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005296
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... continuous casting of steel. It reviews the trends in the steel industry, such as near-net shape casting, the use of tundish metallurgy, and pouring stream protection. The article discusses the use and capabilities of different molds for steel continuous casting. These include thin-wall tube-type molds...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract High-pressure die casting is a fast method for net shape manufacturing of parts from nonferrous alloys. This article reviews the automation technologies for the different stages or steps of the process. The steps include liquid metal pouring, injection, solidification, die open, part...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005336
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... aluminum and titanium on the structure and properties of nickel-base alloys. The article provides information on the melting, foundry, and pouring practices for nickel-base alloys. It describes the welding and heat treatment of the nickel-base casting alloys. The article concludes with information on the...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005352
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... furnaces or transport crucibles, molten-metal transfer pumps, teeming ladles, and dosing and pouring furnaces. degassing pouring furnaces molten-metal treatments fluxing molten-metal filtration launders tundishes holding furnaces transport crucibles molten-metal transfer pumps teeming...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0009021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract Thin sections save weight and thus contribute to a more favorable strength-to-weight ratio. By requiring a smaller volume of metal, thin walls may also lower casting costs, particularly when an expensive alloy is being poured. This article discusses the design problems in thin-wall...
Book Chapter

By Charles V. White
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001002
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... suitability of an iron for pouring a particular casting. Mechanical property values obtained from test bars are sometimes the only available guides to the mechanical properties of the metal in production castings. Gray iron castings are used widely in pressure applications such as cylinder blocks, manifolds...