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post-heat treatment

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005865
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... inductors without crankshaft rotation and their pros and cons. It also describes the effect of post-heat-treatment processes in crankshafts. The article concludes with a discussion on induction hardening of camshafts that focuses on those used in automobiles and truck engines. camshafts clamshell...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005735
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... in the petrochemical industry. The article also discusses substrate chemistry and preparation; coating selection process and microstructure; sealing by chemical, post-heat treatments, and laser processing; and thermal spray process alternatives. coating compatibility corrosion corrosion control corrosion...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... sections of steel forgings, steel castings, and steel weldments that have not been subjected to post-heat-treatments, such as annealing or normalizing. The machinability and the toughness and ductility of the Widmanstätten structure are poor, and therefore annealing or normalizing treatments are required...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005611
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... on the applications of high-frequency multibeam processes, namely, selective surface treatment, multiple-pool welding, and pre- and post-heat treating. computer-aided design dynamic beam deflection electron beam electron beam direct manufacturing system high-frequency multibeam process multiple-pool...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005716
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
..., often employed after post-coating operations. finishing heat treatment honing inspection nondestructive testing peening sealing thermal spray coating VERY FEW THERMAL SPRAY COATINGS enter service in the as-coated condition. Coatings are often modified or treated in some way to improve...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006728
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... such as frame rails, cross members, corner posts, side posts; stiffeners for trucks, trailers, and cargo containers; and welded and brazed assemblies such as large heat exchangers, where solution heat treatment after joining is impractical. After its introduction in 1962, alloy 7005 enjoyed some years...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... the annealing temperatures of aluminum alloys ( Table 3 ). It is evident that nitriding in this temperature range has a more severe effect on the structure and properties of the substrate material. To regenerate the core structure and to support the hard nitride layer, post-heat-treatment processes and duplex...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006529
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... to copper, and aluminum to other nonferrous metals. It also discusses post-braze processes in terms of post-braze heat treatment and finishing. The article concludes with information on the safety precautions considered in brazing aluminum alloys. aluminum alloys brazing brazing filler metals dip...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006730
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... using X5039 filler wire. Room temperature weld strength averages 360 MPa (52 ksi) and increases to 448 MPa (65 ksi) at −195 °C (−320 °F). No special preweld or post-weld heat treatment is required. Workability Alloy 7039 is best formed in the freshly quenched condition. In the soft temper...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001268
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Treatments Mechanical plating post treatments are similar to those used in electroplating. The coating is most receptive to post treatment immediately after plating, while it is still wet. A mild acid dip (e.g., 1% nitric acid) will reactivate parts that have already been dried. Conversion coatings...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006621
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... the summary provided in Table 1 , it is evident that many of the as-printed properties of alloys fabricated by LPBF reported in the literature tend to be slower than wrought materials owing to a spread of starting powder attributes and LPBF processing conditions used. Stress relieving, heat treatment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006511
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... not precipitate constituents of different potential from the matrix during any necessary heating or heat treatment. Also, the alloys should be such that forming operations cause only relatively minor detrimental effects. Mill operations must be controlled to produce material that can be brightened...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
..., including oxide cermets, carbide and carbonitride cermets, boride cermets, and other refractory types. It describes the powder metallurgy process by which cermets are produced, examining each step from powder preparation to post treatment. It discusses forming and compacting, injection molding, extrusion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006611
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
...Abstract Abstract Alloy 2219 is typically used in elevated temperature applications and for welded structures where post-weld heat treatment can be used. This datasheet provides information on key alloy metallurgy, processing effects on physical and tensile properties, fabrication...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... vessel strength decreases if it runs warm. Load baskets with the parts are commonly loaded from the top of the vessel and furnace, although there are bottom-loading HIP systems. One distinct difference between a HIP furnace and more conventional furnaces used for heat treatment and sintering...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006561
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
...Abstract Abstract This article focuses on various vacuum heat treating processes for additively manufactured parts, namely annealing and stress relieving, solid-solution annealing, and solution treating and aging. It addresses several practical concerns involved in using vacuum heat treatment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006566
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... thermal heat treatments? What grain structure is desired? Hot isostatic pressing (HIP) is often used to relieve residual stress and to reduce porosity in the as-built part. However, HIP is highly dependent on the initial as-built microstructure and on additional post-thermal processing that may...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... of polyurethane. This permits the post-refrigeration tempering of components in one device, eliminating the need for a separate tempering oven. Heat extraction from the payload is effected by the phase change of a low-boiling-point fluid. If mechanical refrigeration is used, a high-pressure fluid is allowed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... techniques. This article identifies the surface contaminants that may affect the heat treatment processes and the end-product quality. Various cleaning methods and the chemicals needed to clean different surface contaminants are also identified and discussed. Fig. 3 Flowchart for pre- and post-heat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005980
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... or cracked tools caused by too-high stresses during heat treatment. Heat treatment simulation (HTS) is divided into three steps: preprocessing, simulation, and post-processing. Preprocessing is the collecting of data and generation of the mathematical model, simulation is the calculation itself, post...