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portland cements

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003843
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Material Primary contribution/desired property Portland cement Cementing material/durability Blended cement Cementing material/durability; high strength Fly ash Cementing material/durability; high strength Slag Cementing material/durability; high strength Silica fume Cementing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...Abstract Abstract Bridges and highways are core components of transportation system and range from pavements with earth, gravel, or stone covered by a thin bituminous surface course to a continually reinforced Portland cement concrete (PCC) roadway with or without a bituminous wear course...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... processes and advanced manufacturing techniques are often used where these materials are employed. This article examines several traditional ceramics, including structural clay, whiteware, glazes, enamels, portland cements, and concrete. It also provides a detailed account of fabrication methods, properties...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006040
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... pipe and fittings. Subsequently, alkyd and, later, epoxy coatings were widely used for external corrosion protection. The retrofit lining of cast iron piping has mainly involved the use of portland cement mortar on epoxy coating technology. The use of cast iron piping in water systems largely ended...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002463
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... Approximate composition and fineness ranges for ASTM standard types of portland cement Table 12 Approximate composition and fineness ranges for ASTM standard types of portland cement Compound/property Composition, wt% /property value Type I Type II Type III Type IV Type V C 3 S 42–65...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... (<10% lime content), Class C (>10% lime content), and Class CF (5 to 15% lime content). Class F fly ash has been used in combination with hydrothermal processing ( Fig. 2 ) to make cement. Although fly ash can improve the strength and durability of hardened concrete made with portland cement...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... cement mortar coating for PCCP to improve its sulfate and chloride intrusion resistance. This includes the use of type V portland cement for better sulfate resistance, lower ratios of water to cementitious materials, and the use of microsilica admixtures to increase the density of the cement coating...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... content (typically, a blend of gray and white gypsum) is commonly 50 to 60%, by weight, of the dry mixture. The rest of the mixture consists of two or more filler materials, such as wollastanite, ceramic talc, fly ash, pearlite, and sand. Portland cement, Hydrocals (U.S. Gypsum), fiberglass, and terra...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... water pipes sometimes have a Portland cement lining centrifugally cast to their interior as part of the manufacturing process. Centrifugal casting provides a more dense cement lining, making it more resistant to leeching of alkalinity and more abrasion resistant than sprayed linings. Sprayed cement...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003684
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... then directly attacks the underlying portland cement concrete substrate and causes destruction of the infrastructure. There are documented cases of microbiologically induced corrosion having proceeded to the point at which structures collapsed in as few as 6 years or required major rehabilitation in as few as 4...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004220
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... behavior under these circumstances is the calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH) 2 ) introduced into the cementitious material by the portland cement or, in the case of mortars, lime. The reaction of Ca(OH) 2 with atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) is an important degradation mechanism that radically changes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006037
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
.... Kanare H. , “Concrete Floors and Moisture,” PCA Engineering Bulletin 119, Portland Cement Association , Skokie, IL , 2005 102. “Guide for Concrete Floor and Slab Construction,” ACI 302.1, American Concrete Institute 103. “Standard Specification for Plastic Water Vapor Retarders...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... of FRP materials. Areas where concrete has been removed and corroded reinforcement cleaned should be patched with compatible materials. In general, Portland cement mortar patches provide good bond and compatibility with the existing concrete substrate. Polymer concretes are preferred for small patches...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.9781627082006
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005354
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
..., giving a good work-time-to-setting-time relation. Dicalcium silicate is a major constituent of a number of metallurgical slags as well as certain types of portland cement. Unfortunately, while cements are formulated to have constant setting properties with water, their setting time with sodium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001280
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Temperature Life, h Method Thickness Silicide Additives °C °F μm mils Molybdenum silicide (MoSi 2 ) None Mo-0.5 Ti 1480 2700 10 Fluidized bed 25–50 1–2 Nb Mo-0.5 Ti 1540 2800 12 Pack cementation 75 3 Cr, Al Mo-0.5 Ti 1540 2800 8 Pack cementation (b) 60 2 Cr Mo...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006018
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... Ruthenium, palladium  Reacting hydrogen and oxygen Palladium  Raney catalyst Nickel, aluminum  Rocket fuels Iron  General chemical catalysts Iron, copper, copper oxides Cemented carbides Cobalt, molybdenum, titanium, tungsten, nickel, tantalum, niobium Chemical Aluminum, lead, tin...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002455
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... polyethylene (HDPE) 1.09 Polypropylene (PP) 1.00 Natural rubber 0.98 Low-density polyethylene (LDPE) 0.74 Rigid polyvinyl chloride (PVC) 0.72 Mild steel (sheet) 0.60 Lead (ingot) 0.60 Mild steel (ingot) 0.32 Cast iron 0.26 Portland cement 0.09 Concrete (ready mixed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006297
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... Phenolic No-Bake Systems Urethane Resins Waterglass/Ester or Sodium Silicate/Ester System Cement Molding Phosphate-Modified Waterglass Geopolymer Binders Sand-Lined Gravity Die Casting True Centrifugal Casting Semicentrifugal Casting Centrifuge Casting Hand Ramming...