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polymeric composites

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003002
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article is a comprehensive collection of engineering tables providing information on the mechanical properties of and the techniques for processing and characterizing polymeric materials, such as thermosets, thermoset-matrix unidirectional advanced composites, and unreinforced and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006037
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... composition, inadequate mixing, making the coatings too thick or thin, exposure to environments too cold or hot or humid, excess or lack of air flow, lack of intercoat adhesion, coating layer incompatibilities, and missing the recoat window. Other issues with polymeric floor coatings are most commonly due to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.9781627081955
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003044
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... data has proved more difficult, and therefore it is often necessary to resort to characterization of laminate strength properties. Thus, basic tensile testing is divided into lamina and laminate testing. There also are specimen differences between polymeric-matrix and metal-matrix composites that...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... compositions such as Si-C, Si-N-C-O, Si-B-N, Si-C-O, or Si-Ti-C-O. In almost all cases, polymeric precursors are used, but there are exceptions: A proprietary gas-phase process converts carbon fibers to a carbon-rich SiC material. A similar process reacts activated carbon fiber with gaseous silicon...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... steel and aluminum frequently require polymeric liners or protective coatings. With composites, the expense and design problems associated with these protective measures can be eliminated. The improved weatherability of composites in a marine environment, as well as their corrosion resistance and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003064
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Carbon-carbon composites (CCCs) are introduced in fields that require their high specific strength and stiffness, in combination with their thermoshock resistance, chemical resistance, and fracture toughness, especially at high temperatures. The use of CCCs has expanded as the price of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005686
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article provides the background of biological evaluation of medical devices. It discusses what the ISO 10993 standards require for polymeric biomaterials and presents examples of what qualitative and quantitative tests can be used to satisfy the requirements. The article describes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... composition of polymeric materials and look for evidence of contamination and degradation. If there are trace contaminants or small amounts of degradation, other more-sensitive methods, such as various forms of chromatography and spectroscopy, can be used. Thermal analysis techniques, such as differential...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article addresses the types, properties, forms, and applications of fibers that are available for use in fiber-reinforced polymeric matrix composites, including glass, graphite, carbon, aramid, boron, silicon carbide, ceramic, continuous oxide and discontinuous oxide fibers. It...
Book Chapter

By Matthew Donachie
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... been used in joint replacement, polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) as a cement (grout), and ultrahigh molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) as the acetabular cup in hip joints. Composite materials, particularly polymeric material composites, are used in dental applications, but their use is limited...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Tribology is the science and technology of interacting surfaces in relative motion or, the study of friction, wear, and lubrication. This article focuses on friction and wear processes that aid in the evaluation and selection of materials, for polymers and some composites used in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... polymeric implants. The article discusses the specific problems associated with implant manufacturing processes and the consequent compromises in properties of functionally graded implants. It describes the manufacturing of the functionally-graded hip implant by using the LENS process. It reviews the four...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... creep-related failures, where the mechanical strength of a material becomes limited by creep rather than by its elastic limit. The majority of information provided is applicable to metallic materials, and only general information regarding creep-related failures of polymeric materials is given. The...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... other on particular applications of polymeric materials. burning fire resistance fire response characteristics flammability flammability test polymeric materials A MATERIAL IS FLAMMABLE if it is subject to easy ignition and rapid flaming combustion. Combustion is defined as an oxidation...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003006
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... this basic structure permits the engineers to understand which polymers may be acceptable for a certain application, and which may not. There are various possible classification schemes for polymers. Typical classification categories include polymerization process, chemical elements that make up the...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., drawing, production of flat rectangular wire, annealing, and coating, are discussed. The article also provides information on electrical insulation and jacketing techniques, including polymeric insulation, enamel insulation, and paper-and-oil insulation. continuous casting copper cable copper wire...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003024
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... for polymeric materials are of limited utility. Polymers are covalently bonded macromolecules and can be crystalline or noncrystalline. Even those that do crystallize, only do so to a limited extent. The chemical composition and the long-chain nature of polymers lead to some important differences...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005681
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... restorative materials (PMMA) in 1948. This was the first step in the dental material field toward the composite restorative material as it is known today. The earlier acrylic dental restorative material showed poor color stability, significant polymerization contraction, lack of bonding to tooth structure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006759
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... corrosion products, the geometry of fracture surfaces, or inaccessibility of the component making chemical analysis a challenge. The investigator must take every precaution to avoid delivering misleading compositional information, and engineering/scientific judgement is key in providing the best possible...