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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...Abstract Abstract Lightning damage in polymer composites is manifested by damage at both the macroscopic or visual level and within the material microstructure. This article illustrates the effects of the laboratory-generated lightning strikes on polymeric composites. laboratory-generated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009094
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... This collection of articles is designed as an instructional reference for preparing fiber-reinforced polymeric-matrix composite materials for examination by optical microscopy and the techniques of optical microscopy used for analysis. It is also meant to be a teaching tool for those who want...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003298
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
...Abstract Abstract This article addresses the specialized aspects required to accurately quantify the behavior of soft materials, including polymers and polymeric composites, using the split-Hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB). It details some of the specialized SHPB techniques that facilitate testing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009074
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...Abstract Abstract This article focuses on the sample preparation methods for titanium honeycomb composites, boron fiber composites, and titanium/polymeric composite hybrids. These include mounting, sectioning, grinding, and polishing. The article also provides information on the sample...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009076
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...Abstract Abstract This article describes the various aspects relating to the selection and preparation of ultrathin-section specimens of fiber-reinforced polymeric composites for examination by transmitted light microscopy. It provides information on the contrast-enhancement methods used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...Abstract Abstract Designing composites for structural performance initially involves meeting a set of desired performance specifications at a minimum cost. This article discusses the factors that are considered in designing the manufacturing of polymeric composites. It describes the various...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002492
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
...Abstract Abstract The goal of design is to improve the overall performance of the metal or ceramic matrix rather than to create a material with different response than the base matrix. This article focuses on the design for manufacturing polymeric composites. Specially developed methods...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... techniques in detail. It illustrates a 75-mm Hopkinson system, particularly designed to test large samples of concrete, rock, polymeric composites, and other materials with relatively coarse microstructures. The article also provides information on the pneumatic pressure vessel for a 75-mm Hopkinson bar test...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... of the individual components present. The carbon fibers tend to be very reflective (show a high degree of contrast) and are easily resolved in polymeric resins. By comparison, glass fiber composites tend to absorb light equally across the spectrum, making it difficult to distinguish the individual components...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009084
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... matrix. Composite materials having polymeric matrices are susceptible to degradation from heat, sunlight, ozone, atomic oxygen (in space), moisture, solvents (chemicals), fatigue, excessive loading, and combinations of these environmental conditions ( Ref 1 ). The rate and extent of degradation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003438
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... on the Internet at http://www.mil17.org. MIL-HDBK-17 was initiated in the 1950s to provide design data for plastics and glass-reinforced plastics. In 1988 the scope was updated to focus only on polymeric composites, and then in the mid-1990s was extended to metal matrix and ceramic matrix composites. MIL-HDBK...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003381
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Temperature and Environmental Effects on Polymeric Composites , Vol 2 , ASTM STP 1302, Gates T.S. and Zureick A.H. , Ed., ASTM , 1997 , p 73 – 96 • Chou P.J.C. , Ding D. , and Chen W.H. , Damping of Moisture-Absorbed Composite Rackets , J. Reinf. Plast. Compos. , Vol...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005681
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... dental restorative material showed poor color stability, significant polymerization contraction, lack of bonding to tooth structure (enamel and dentin), and low stiffness and hardness ( Ref 1 ). The first particulate-filled ceramic-polymer composite was patented by Knock and Glenn in 1951 ( Ref 2...
Image
Published: 01 December 2004
. Dark-field illumination, 25× objective. (c) Boron fiber polymeric-matrix composite cross section. Bright-field illumination, 50× objective (200× original magnification) More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... materials containing fully polymerized thermoplastics, in situ polymerized thermoplastics have a chance to capture volume markets since price and cycle times are competitive with the thermoset alternatives. References References 1. Åström B.T. , Manufacturing of Polymer Composites , Chapman...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... rods to high-performance airplane parts, the use of fiber-reinforced composite materials is becoming more popular due to their high strength-to-weight ratio combined with easy manufacturing methods. Fiber-reinforced polymeric-matrix composites consist of reinforcing fibers and a polymer resin...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003374
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... matrix interphase thermodynamics surface energy contact angle solid surface energy wetting wicking glass fiber polymeric fiber carbon fiber composite laminate test mechanical properties composite on-axis properties composite off-axis properties composite fracture properties interfaces...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... view of a spherulite that nucleated at the tip of a carbon fiber. Transmitted polarized light, 100× objective Natural Fiber and Resin Composites The use of fiber-reinforced polymeric composite materials continues to increase throughout the world due to their unique performance attributes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003402
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...Abstract Abstract This article provides information on the classification of various composites manufacturing processes based on similar transport processes. The composites manufacturing processes can be grouped into three categories: short-fiber suspension methods, squeeze flow methods...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... fabricating the composites but also by climate curing conditions, dust from occasional wind, and other environmental factors. Materials Property Requirements for Design When used to strengthen concrete structures, polymeric composite reinforcing systems will virtually always be subjected to not only...