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polymeric biomaterials

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005686
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article provides the background of biological evaluation of medical devices. It discusses what the ISO 10993 standards require for polymeric biomaterials and presents examples of what qualitative and quantitative tests can be used to satisfy the requirements. The article describes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... such failures hindered the development of polymeric biomaterials. However, the rapid developments made in science and engineering of plastics in the second half of the 20th century paved the way for their acceptance in medical applications. Currently, there are many types and grades of polymers that...
Book Chapter

By Matthew Donachie
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Biomaterials are the man-made metallic, ceramic, and polymeric materials used for intracorporeal applications in the human body. This article primarily focuses on metallic materials. It provides information on basic metallurgy, biocompatibility, chemistry, and the orthopedic and dental...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005668
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article provides an overview of the fundamentals of tribology. It describes the advantages, disadvantages, and applications of pin-on-disk method, which is the most commonly used configuration for testing biomaterials and for the reproducible measurement of friction and wear. The...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004208
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... studies related to CF and SCC. biological response cobalt alloys corrosion fatigue dental amalgam stainless steels stress-corrosion cracking titanium alloys AS THE FIELD OF BIOMATERIALS SCIENCE proceeds into the 21st century, many changes are taking place. Traditionally, biomaterials have...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005654
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... biomaterials in surgical implant applications, such as orthopedic, cardiovascular surgery, and dentistry. It addresses the key issues related to simulation of the in vivo environment, service conditions, and data interpretation. Theses include frequency of dynamic loading, electrolyte chemistry, applicable...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... engaged as an integral part of the device ecosystem. It discusses the various applications of biomaterials, including orthopedic, cardiovascular, ophthalmic, and dental applications. The article describes the four major categories of biomaterials, such as metals, polymers, glass and ceramics, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
..., and polymeric implants. The article discusses the specific problems associated with implant manufacturing processes and the consequent compromises in properties of functionally graded implants. It describes the manufacturing of the functionally-graded hip implant by using the LENS process. It reviews...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005674
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... BIOCOMPATIBILITY, corrosion resistance, strength, and low ty of titanium for implant applications have been recognized for many years. In the early 20th century, several classes of metallic and polymeric biomaterials were adopted for use in medical applications, but most implant restorations were relatively short...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004205
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... and particulate materials to corrosion. The effect of metal ions from an implanted device on the human body is also discussed. The article concludes with information on the possible cancer-causing effects of metallic biomaterials. biocompatibility corrosion metallic biomaterials metal ions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005652
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... description of metal binding and its effects on metabolic processes. The hypersensitive responses to metal ions are also reviewed. The article concludes with a discussion on possible cancer-causing effects of metallic biomaterials. biocompatibility cancer-causing effects corrosion hypersensitive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006434
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... material categories of solid lubricant coatings, including graphite, graphite fluoride, transition metal dichalcogenides, diamond-like-carbon, polymeric materials, and metallic films. The article presents a description of deposition methods from the simplest processes involving burnishing and impingement...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005667
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... requirements for the most extreme examples of the long-term (permanent) implantable polymer materials (polymeric biomaterials). While there are many polymers available in the industrial marketplace, this does not mean that all of them are candidates for medical device manufacture. Not only must a material be...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001319
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Biomaterial Research , Vol 27 , 1993 52. Rose P.W. , Kolluri O.S. , and Cormia R.D. , “Continuous Plasma Polymerization onto Carbon Fiber,” paper presented at 34th International SAMPE Symposium , May 1989 53. Schram D.C. , Kroesen G.M.W. , and Buelens J.J...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
.... , The Biology of Aseptic Osteolysis , Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res. , Vol 460 , July 2007 , p 240 – 252 3. Goodman S.B. , Wear Particles, Periprosthetic Osteolysis and the Immune System , Biomaterials , Vol 28 ( No. 34 ), Dec 2007 , p 5044 – 5048 4. Jacobs J.J. and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005681
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Gee A.J. , and Davidson C.L. , Polymerization Contraction and Conversion of Light-Curing BisGMA-Based Methacrylate Resins , Biomaterials , Vol 14 , 1993 , p 871 – 875 11. Sandner B. , Baudach S. , Davy K.W.M. , and Braden M. , Synthesis of BISGMA Derivatives...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Molecular Weight Polyethylene Against a High Alumina Ceramic , Advances in Biomaterials , Vol 2 , Mechanical Properties of Biomaterials , Hastings G.W. and Williams D.F. , Ed., John Wiley & Sons , 1980 , p 3 – 26 20. Dowson D. and Harding R.T. , The Wear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005675
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... ceramics clinical applications glass-ceramics glasses hard tissue attachment hard-tissue response implant materials inert crystalline ceramics mechanical properties physical properties porous ceramics resorbable biomaterials CERAMICS, GLASSES, AND GLASS-CERAMICS have been essential for a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005672
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... synonymous with cement, glue, paste, fixative, and bonding agent. Adhesive systems may comprise one- or two-part organic and/or inorganic formulations that set or harden by several mechanisms. When a chemical reaction is involved, the adhesive cures to obtain final properties. Curing of polymeric adhesives...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005741
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... Howmedica Osteonics References 1. Kurtz S.M. , UHMWPE Biomaterials Handbook , 2nd ed. , Academic Press , New York , 2009 , p 31 – 53 10.1016/B978-0-12-374721-1.00004-3 2. Yaszemski M.J. , Trantolo D.J. , Lewandrowski K.-U. , Hasirci V...