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Book Chapter

By Koji Kato
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006394
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... cutting plastic flow plowing polishing wear polyethylene polyoxymethylene superlow friction superlubricity surface smoothing wear control wedge forming THE TERM POLISHING WEAR is used to describe the type of wear that produces a mirrorlike, smooth finish on at least one of the two rubbing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000630
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... Abstract This article is an atlas of fractographs that helps in understanding the causes and mechanisms of fracture of polymers, including polycarbonate, polyethylene, and polyimide, and in identifying and interpreting the morphology of fracture surfaces. The fractographs illustrate the quasi...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article discusses postconsumer plastics recyclate quantities, the classification of plastics recycling into primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary categories, and how the life cycle of plastics is affected by recycling. The recycling processes of polyethylene terephthalate...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003550
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... illustrates how surface degradation of a plain strain tension specimen alters the ductile brittle transition in polyethylene creep rupture. The article concludes with information on the effects of temperature on polymer performance. creep rupture ductile brittle transition environmental stress...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005659
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article provides a summary of biocompatibility or biological response of metals, ceramics, and polymers used in medical implant, along with their clinical issues. The polymers include ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene, nonresorbable polymer, and resorbable polymers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract Total joint replacement in orthopedic surgery can be achieved by excision, interposition, and replacement arthroplasty. This article details the most common materials used in total replacement synovial joints, such as metals, ceramics, and ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... sulfones, polyethylene terephthalates, thermoplastic polyimides, liquid crystal polymers, polyphenylene ether blends, polyphenylene sulfides, and polysulfones. acetals advanced thermoplastics applications commercial forms family characteristics fluoropolymers ionomers liquid crystal polymers...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003008
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., acrylics, high-density polyethylenes, reinforced polypropylenes, high-impact polystyrenes, polyvinyl chloride, styrene-acrylonitriles, and styrene-maleic anhydrides. engineering thermoplastics family characteristics industrial applications mechanical properties physical properties resin grades...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002464
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... polyethylene terephthalate be microwaved successfully while plastic film wrap (polyvinylidene chloride) has poor elevated-temperature properties? Consider how different polycarbonate is from plastic foam (expanded polystyrene); why is one plastic suitable for motorcycle helmets and the other for disposable...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005687
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Hydrogels Poly(ethylene glycol) Polyethylene glycol PEG Pacemakers Poly(n-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone) Polyvidone, polyvinyl pyrrolidone, povidone PVP Catheters—accessories Poly(vinyl) alcohol Polyvinyl alcohol PVA, PVAL, PVOH Vascular embolization devices Polyamides Polyamide 11...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0006515
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... ceramic-matrix composite CN cellulose nitrate CNB Chevron notch bend CNC computer numerical control CP cellulose propionate CPE chlorinated polyethylene CPG controlled pore glass cpm cycles per minute cps cycles per second CPVC...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627081801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006710
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
....) diam top die, 15 MPa (2.2 ksi) hold-down pressure and polyethylene film as a lubricant. Strain-hardening exponent ( n ) is typically 0.23; plastic strain ratio ( r ) is typically 0.70 6010 : Radius of 1 t required for 90° bending, 1 t for flanging material 0.80–1.30 mm (0.032–0.050 in.) thick...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006038
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... changed. Systems such as multiple-layered coal tar tape, applied hot and over the trench, gave way to cold-applied, prefabricated tapes that used adhesives for bonding to the pipe surface. These new tapes used advanced polymers such as vinyl and polyethylene, with butyl rubber adhesives. They were...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... polymers, with properties that vary widely based on the attributes described previously, including crystallinity. Common medical thermoplastics are listed in Table 1 , Table 2 , and Table 3 . Table 1 Common medical polymers Polymer Classification Acronym Application(s) Polyethylene...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...-butadiene-styrene (ABS), methacrylate-butadiene-styrene (MBS), acrylics, chlorinated polyethylene (CPE), and ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA). Fig. 1 Effect of the crystallinity of an impact modifier on impact properties. PE, polyethylene; PP, polypropylene; HDPE, high-density polyethylene. Source: Ref 9...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., polybutylene terephthalate and polytetramethylene terephthalate 350 450 Polyester, thermoset, reinforced 350 450 Polysulfone 350 450 Polyether-imide 338 443 Ethylene propylene, ethylene propylene diene 325 436 Chlorosulfonated polyethylene elastomer 325 436 Chlorinated...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003002
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...–175 2200 320 7.1–8.5 13.3–16 Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) 1.3 90 13 30–150 1105 160 0.85 1.6 Polyether-imide (PEI) 1.27 103 15 8–60 3310 480 0.59 1.1 Polyether sulfone (PESV) 1.37 83 12 … 2440 354 0.75–1.2 1.4–2.2 Polyethylene, high-density (HDPE) 0.95–0.96 20...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
.... In recent years novel polymer materials as well as their composites have been used for gears: polybutylene terephthalate (PBT), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polyetheretherketone (PEEK), thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU), and others. The values of friction coefficient found for unlubricated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0005586
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... close-packed HCT high coiling temperature HDPE high-density polyethylene HERF high-energy-rate forming HIP hot isostatic pressing HK Knoop hardness hp horsepower HR Rockwell hardness (requires scale designation, such as HRC for Rockwell C hardness) HREM...