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polycrystalline nickel

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001320
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... cemented carbide tool produced during the machining of gray cast iron. (c) Builtup edge produced during low-speed machining of a nickel-base alloy. (d) Depth-of-cut notching on a carbide tool produced during the machining of a nickel-base superalloy. (e) Carbide insert showing nose wear (tool-tip blunting...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... desired polycrystalline, elongated (directionally solidified), or single-crystal grain structure for improved elevated-temperature mechanical properties. The majority of the nickel-base superalloys utilize the combined strengthening of a solution-hardened austenite matrix with γ′ precipitation. The...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003188
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... of Group IVB-VIB metals are bound together or cemented by a ductile metal binder, usually cobalt or nickel. The first cemented carbide was produced in the 1920s and consisted of tungsten carbide (WC) with a cobalt binder. A remarkable feature of cemented carbides is that they can be tailored to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006266
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
..., endothermic, dry hydrogen, dry argon, and vacuum. age hardening brazing carbides cast nickel-base alloys diffusion coating directionally solidified castings heat treatment polycrystalline cast superalloys solid-solution hardening solution heat treatment strengthening CAST NICKEL-BASE...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006261
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... Abstract This article provides information on nickel alloying elements, and the heat treatment processes of various nickel alloys for applications requiring corrosion resistance and/or high-temperature strength. These processes are homogenization, annealing, solution annealing, solution...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001264
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract Electroless nickel plating is used to deposit nickel without the use of an electric current. This article provides an overview of the solution composition and characteristics of the electroless nickel bath. It focuses on the metallurgical, mechanical and physical properties of...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003120
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... (iron-nickel- and nickel-base superalloys). Superalloys typically have moduli of elasticity in the vicinity of 207 GPa (30 × 10 6 psi), although moduli of specific polycrystalline alloys can vary from 172 to 241 GPa (25 to 35 × 10 6 psi) at room temperature, depending on the alloy system...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003164
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... zirconium additions are most effective in improving the resistance of Ni 3 Al. Figure 8 shows creep data for the polycrystalline nickel aluminide alloy IC-221. The creep properties of Ni 3 Al alloys, like those of nickel-base superalloys, are sensitive to grain size, but the Ni 3 Al alloys have better...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003971
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... extrusion, incremental forging, and microforming. The article describes the thermomechanical processing of nickel- and titanium-base alloys and concludes with information on the advancements in process simulation. accuracy incremental forging metal forming metal products metal working...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003245
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., namely mounting, grinding, polishing, and etching involved in the microstructural analysis of carbon and alloy steels, case hardening steels, cast iron, ferrous powder metallurgy alloys, wrought and cast stainless steels, tool materials, steel castings, iron-chromium-nickel heat-resistant casting alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... side of an x-ray absorption edge of a given constituent atom in a material. Figure 1 shows the K-edge EXAFS of nickel metal. When an x-ray beam passes through a medium, its intensity is attenuated exponentially: (Eq 1) I = I 0 exp − μ x where I and I 0 are the transmitted...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003836
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... were produced from two or more transition metals, for example, copper-zirconium and nickel-niobium, or from a combination of metals and metalloids, such as iron, nickel, and chromium containing boron, phosphorus, silicon, or carbon. A key aspect of metallic glasses is the critical temperature for...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006661
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... CS 2 peak was assumed to be due to a reaction between the MoS 2 and carbon-containing impurities. Ren and Gellman ( Ref 35 ) and Sung and Gellman ( Ref 36 ) investigated the surface phase chemistry of vapor-phase phosphorus-containing lubricants on nickel and copper surfaces and iron surfaces...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005658
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... scaffold diseased arteries, which was first explored in 1982 ( Ref 13 ). Even though less than 20% of all stents are made from Nitinol, it likely remains the most commercially important Nitinol application (as of 2010). The term Nitinol refers to the equiatomic, intermetallic nickel-titanium compound...
Book Chapter

By Sammy Tin
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Shockley partials that form complex, multilayered stacking-fault structures that nucleate twins. Recently, microtwinning has been reported to serve as the dominant deformation mechanism during creep of polycrystalline nickel-base superalloys within a narrow range of temperatures and stresses. Efforts to...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... ± 0.3 (−415.5 ± 0.5) −246.0 (−410.8) … (…) … (…) Ne … (…) 0.00011 … … 4.53 (ddd) … … 3.21 Neptunium (Np) 93 237 20.5 (0.740) 637 ± 2 (1179 ± 4) … (…) … (…) … (…) Np … (…) … … … … … … … Nickel (Ni) 28 58.71 8.9 (0.32) 1453 (2647) 2730 (4950) 0.105 (440) 73.8...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... initial grains. (b) TEM micrograph showing equiaxed subgrains. Courtesy of K.V. Jata, Air Force Research Laboratory In low-SFE materials (e.g., iron and steel in the austenite-phase field, copper, nickel), dynamic recovery occurs at a lower rate under hot working conditions, because mobile...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003210
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... compositions can be grouped into four categories. The first and largest group is eutectic-type alloys that have aluminum, nickel, cobalt, or copper as a base, to which silicon/boron (in the case of aluminum- and nickel-base alloys) and phosphorus (in the case of copper- and nickel-base alloys) are added. The...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... made from ceramics such as ZnO, are used to sense and limit transient voltage surges. Their behavior can be modified by use of additives such as bismuth, antimony, cobalt, manganese, nickel, chromium, and silicon. The varistor takes advantage of the nonlinear current-voltage behavior of ZnO, acting as...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006655
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... volts. The limited penetration of electrons in this energy range provides information from a very top surface. The first experimental observation of electron diffraction by a crystal lattice was performed by Davisson and Germer in 1927. After an accidental explosion of a bottle containing a nickel...