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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003606
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... Tests” ISO 9223 “Corrosion of Metals and Alloys, Corrosivity of Atmospheres, Classification” ISO 9225 “Corrosion of Metals and Alloys, Corrosivity of Atmospheres, Measurement of Pollution” ISO 9226 “Corrosion of Metals and Alloys, Corrosivity of Atmospheres, Method of Determination...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001737
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
..., semiconductors, ceramics, geological and biological materials, and air and water pollution samples. This article discusses the basic principles of spark source technique; SSMS instrumentation such as ion source, electric sector, and magnetic sector; sample preparation; and test procedures of SSMS. Some...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... 75 5.77 5.52 5.27 5.04 4.84 4.70 30 85 5.28 5.06 4.84 4.63 4.45 4.33 Source: Ref 5 Pitting of low-carbon steel submerged in the San Diego harbor (polluted seawater) Table 6 Pitting of low-carbon steel submerged in the San Diego harbor (polluted seawater) Penetration...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004142
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Ref 74 Fig. 5 Scanning electron micrograph of the hollow shells of weeping on archaeological wrought iron. 100×; picture width, 300 μm. Adapted from Ref 74 Abstract Abstract The corrosion processes of metals during burial are affected by environmental pollutants, other...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004140
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... The article provides a list of pollutants and their sources in museums and collections. It discusses the sources of corrosion, including plastic and wood, sulfur, and carbonyl compounds. The article describes the preservation steps for materials in museum to eliminate the corrosive sources acting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... factors that cause corrosion on metal artifacts, which include water, temperature fluctuations, pollutants, local conditions of acidity or alkalinity, vegetation, and animals. The corrosion processes experienced by five common metals, such as copper alloys, iron alloys, lead, zinc, and aluminum, used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004172
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... and tin-lead alloys that are susceptible to corrosion. This article focuses on the key factors contributing to corrosion of electronic components, namely, chemicals (salts containing halides, sulfides, acids, and alkalis), temperature, air (polluted air), moisture, contact between dissimilar metals...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... gas desulfurization (FGD) technology used in power plant for pollution control. It further discusses the corrosion problems encountered in different operating zones of FGD system and the major forms of corrosive attack encountered in those zones, including crevice corrosion, pitting corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006636
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... extracts, food constituents, flavors, fragrances, industrial chemicals, pesticides, and pollutants. Readers are introduced to the most commonly employed mode, reverse-phase chromatography, with examples and an exclusive focus on commercially available instruments and consumables. The discussion covers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... The federal Clean Air Act (CAA), written in 1965 and amended in 1970, 1977, and 1990, is the most controversial and industry-intrusive environmental law ever developed. Initially it researched air quality, federalized air pollution control, provided for health protection, and controlled mobile and stationary...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003649
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... are the most important variables in determining atmospheric corrosion. Such factors as hydrogen sulfide, nitrogen compounds, and other specific pollutants may be significant at specific sites if sources of these pollutants are located nearby. Guidelines for atmospheric exposures Table 5 Guidelines...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001322
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... Ryan W. and Schrader R. , An Ounce of Toxic Pollution Prevention , National Environmental Law Center , Jan 1993 6. Style R. , Are State Laws Motivating Business to Pursue Pollution Prevention? , Pollution Prevention Review , Vol 4 ( No. 1 ), Winter 1993–94 , p 61 – 70...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... , Corrosion of Pollution Control Equipment , Chem. Eng. Prog. , Vol 71 ( No. 3 ), 1975 , p 58 – 63 6. Rice H.D. Jr. , and Burford R.A. , “Corrosion of Gas-Scrubbing Equipment in Municipal Refuse Incinerators,” paper presented at the International Corrosion Forum, National...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002438
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... Inventory (TRI), which makes hazardous waste and toxins a matter of public record. This act sets fines for violations. Pollution Prevention Act, 1990 (PPA) Establishes hierarchy of Pollution Prevention (PP or P 2 ), places source reduction at the head of the list for pollution prevention; firms...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001326
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...-trichloro-1,2,2-trifluoroethane (CFC-113) Combinations of these materials The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has classified these materials as being either hazardous air pollutants or ozone layer depleting substances. Some relevant regulations are identified in Table 1 , along...
Book Chapter

By Barry Law
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
...-years-of-progress (accessed Jan 30, 2015) 7. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency , “National Air Pollutant Emission Trends: 1900-1998,” EPA 454/R-00-002, March 2000 , http://epa.gov/ttn/chief/trends/trends98/index.html (accessed Jan 31, 2015) 8. Thomas Publishing Company...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004220
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... take the form of physical barriers, including: Although such behavior is valuable, it must be recognized that it will be observed only under certain circumstances. Interestingly, the improvement is generally best in an industrially polluted environment; less improvement is noted in environments...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...–10)Sn-1P PWB, printed wiring board Comparison of typical indoor and outdoor pollutant concentrations Table 2 Comparison of typical indoor and outdoor pollutant concentrations Species Indoor, μg/m 3 Outdoor, μg/m 3 SO 2 12.2 17.6 NO 2 26.0 43.5 NH 3 14.9 10.0...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... a set of health-related standards for air pollutants. One of these pollutants is ozone, which is the primary component of the condition known as smog. Because smog is caused in part by the photochemical oxidation of solvent vapors from coating application sources, this regulation has had a profound...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003805
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... to ask which factors contribute to these differences. Although the prediction of corrosivity is still not precise, it appears that TOW or RH, temperature, the levels of chloride deposition, and the presence of atmospheric pollutants such as SO x , NO x , and H + (acid rain) are important factors...