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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006275
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... Abstract This article discusses the various heat treating processes, namely, solid-solution hardening, solution treating, solution aging and dispersion hardening, for low-melting-point alloys such as lead alloys, tin-rich alloys, and zinc alloys. Heat treating of tin-rich alloys has been...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001254
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... prepared by passing alternating current between two electrodes suspended in the melt, which was a eutectic of NaCN or KCN/NaCN, with melting points of 564 and 500 °C (1050 and 930 °F), respectively ( Ref 32 ). However, these electrolytes have not proven to be usable in commercial practice. The...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... crystal structure crystal system line defects Pearson symbols point defects space lattice space-group notation stacking faults structure symbols twins unit cell THE CRYSTAL STRUCTURES presented in this article are those that have been widely studied and are of most importance to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003848
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... point of a sealant. The important technical concepts that define the performance capabilities of the elastomeric part include polymer architecture (molecular building blocks), compounding (the ingredients within the polymer), and vulcanization of the elastomer shape. The article discusses the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006454
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... the source pulse and resulting movement at the point of detection identified appropriate physics for unbounded three-dimensional (3-D) media. Research groups at the NDT Centre at Harwell, United Kingdom ( Ref 17 ), the National Institute of Standards and Technology (formerly National Bureau of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001324
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... filter system for both chambers, primary condenser coils, freeboard chiller coils, dehumidifier coils, a water separator, and a freon compressor. Some systems include an optional ultrasonic unit. The boil chamber generates vapors that rise to the point where the primary condenser coils suppress the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.9781627081719
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... with nickel-base filler metals are used at temperatures ranging from −200 °C (−328 °F) to above 1200 °C (2192 °F). The characteristics of nickel make it a good starting point for developing brazing filler metals to withstand high service temperatures. Nickel is ductile, and with proper alloying...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004000
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... are two-phase alloys (α-2 and β/B2) and respond very well to TMP. Gamma aluminide alloys retain an ordered structure up to their melting points for a wide range of aluminum contents, but also respond to TMP when composition is appropriately designed. Thus, both classes of titanium aluminides can be...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... size Drop weight impact Toughness Must fit in the test fixture Requires large surface area Other mechanical testing Component testing Functionality Nonstandardized test requires effort to determine test parameters and attach points Mechanical testing is usually used to verify...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005345
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... potential for further cracking. This process does not require the use of precisely machined joints needed for the capillary flow of filler metal and also does not require fluxing and the resulting cleanup associated with flux removal. The disadvantage is that using lower melting point filler metal precludes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003980
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... use of a water-cooled furnace front designed to shield the first-heat upset from furnace heat during reheating. The hot upset forging process is not limited to forging heads or upsets at the ends of bars; it can also gather material at any point along the length of a bar. This special type of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003986
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
..., it is progressive with each forging made and it will soon be impossible to make consistent precision forgings. At some point in the design of a precision forging process, the forging sequence must be designed. There are often several ways that a forging can be made. The best sequence for precision...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...) of an average diameter of 1 μm or less. (d) Includes organic compounds with more than one benzene ring and which have a boiling point greater than or equal to 100 °C (212 °F). (e) A type of atom that spontaneously undergoes radioactive decay. Source: Public Law 101–549, Title II In...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003996
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005983
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... content carbon dioxide carbon monoxide dew point generators hardening AIR IS A MAJOR CONSTITUENT in many prepared atmospheres when no protective atmosphere is used. The chemical makeup of air is approximately 79% molecular nitrogen and 21% molecular oxygen, with trace amounts of carbon dioxide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006226
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... the liquid must be consumed. If the alloy composition was at the left of the peritectic point, as Alloy 2 in Fig. 4 , the α phase would not have been totally consumed in forming β. In this alloy, freezing begins at T 1 , where α 1 first appears. Just above the peritectic temperature the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... the roof and reducing future leakage points. Additionally, the chalking that occurs with TDI-based roof coatings is claimed to be beneficial for white roof coatings because the chalking creates an ablative surface that rain can wash off, therefore keeping darker, IR-absorbing dirt from building up on...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... information on the cantilever beam test, wedge-opening load test, contoured double-cantilever beam test, three-point and four-point bend tests, rising step-load test, disk-pressure test, slow strain-rate tensile test, and potentiostatic slow strain-rate tensile test for hydrogen embrittlement. constant...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0006544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... ordering. As shown in Fig. 1 , a space lattice can be viewed as a three-dimensional network of straight lines. The intersections of the lines (called lattice points) represent locations in space for the same kind of atom or group of atoms of identical composition, arrangement, and orientation. There are...