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Book Chapter

By Koji Kato
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006394
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... prospects are also given. This article discusses the influence of size and number of wear particles on polishing at three abrasive wear modes. These include cutting, wedge forming, and plowing. The article concludes with information on applications and prospects of polishing wear control. abrasive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006386
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... situations due to (a) ground engagement of the machine components and implements such as plow and tiller with soil and crop residue; (b) component interaction with crops such as sugarcane, paddy, wheat, cotton, and crop residue; and (c) internal machine components such as engine, transmission, and so forth...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and are forced across the surface of the wear material. Depending on the properties of the abrasive and wear materials, one of several wear mechanisms ( Fig. 4 ) may occur ( Ref 7 , 10 ): Plowing occurs when material is displaced to the side, away from the wear particles, resulting in the formation...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... do not fracture as readily, and consequently, better abrasion resistance is obtained. Low-Stress, Or Scratching, Abrasion Low-stress, or scratching, abrasion occurs when lightly loaded abrasive particles impinge on, and move across, the wear surface, cutting and plowing it on a microscopic...
Book Chapter

By Dongyang Li
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006382
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... materials hardness toughness microstructure lubrication ABRASIVE WEAR is a surface-damage process with material loss caused by hard asperities ( Fig. 1 ) or abrasive particles ( Fig. 2b ), occurring when two surfaces are sliding against each other. This process may involve plowing, cutting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006397
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... case depends on the particular situation, because friction is, above all, a systems property. The microscopic mechanisms that are involved, to varying degrees, in generating friction include adhesion, mechanical interactions of surface asperities, plowing of one surface by asperities on the other...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... that failed in tension because of overloading. Excessive wear on a 16-mm ( 5 8 -in.) diam 6 × 37 (6 strands of 37 wires each) fiber-core improved plow steel wire rope is described in Example 3 in this article. Corrosion failures are also relatively frequent because of the environments in which...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006380
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... if the terms are used interchangeably. Sliding wear can involve not only adhesion but also other processes, such as plowing, abrasion, scuffing, scoring, gouging, and even galling. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to provide a broad overview of sliding wear, its processes, and its control...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003630
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... to explain how material is removed from a surface during abrasion. These mechanisms include fracture, fatigue, and melting. Due to the complexity of abrasion, no one mechanism completely accounts for all of the material loss. Plowing is the process of displacing material from a groove to the sides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006431
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... variations, such as plowing, microcutting, low-cycle fatigue, and strain hardening, occurs when hard asperities or particles slide over a softer surface, causing damage to it. In this case, the harder asperity deforms the softer material and causes a scratch or groove, that is, the abrasive wear. Because...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003571
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... be applied to other polymer systems, too. Cohesive Wear Cohesive wear is defined as subsurface or bulk wear when the interacting surfaces produce damage to the material far deeper into the material than only at the interface. This type of wear is also referred to in the literature as plowing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005729
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... and pressure, suggesting inelastic material response. This condition is remedied by repolishing at slower speeds and lower pressures. Original magnification: 500× Fig. 26 Fixed-diamond abrasive disc. Original magnification: 200× Fig. 25 Comparison of the plowing and cutting modes of a V...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006365
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... their abrasive and plowing action. Furthermore, they can act as oil reservoirs, feeding lubricant directly into the contact in emergency situations. When textures appear with sufficient density, they can also improve the wetting of the surface, initiate microhydrodynamic lubrication, and support the formation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001232
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... applies to all materials including polymers ( Ref 1 , 11 , 12 , 13 , 14 , 15 ). When specifically considering polymer friction, a number of circumstances should be mentioned. The deformation component of friction results from the resistance of a polymer to “plowing” by the asperities...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006410
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006850
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Cohesive wear is defined as subsurface or bulk wear when the interacting surfaces produce damage to the material that is far deeper into the material than only at the interface. This type of wear is also referred to in the literature as plowing or abrasive wear. Subsurface damage in material can be caused...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
....2004.03.019 26. Hisakado T. , Tanaka T. , and Suda H. , Effect of Abrasive Particle Size on Fraction of Debris Removed from Plowing Volume in Abrasive Wear , Wear , Vol 236 , 1999 , p 24 – 33 10.1016/S0043-1648(99)00269-0 27. Aminul Islam M. , Alam T...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
Book Chapter

By Allan B. Dove
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... galvanized  0.25–2.01 mm (0.010–0.079 in.) T = 23.5–25.0 d  2.03–3.56 mm (0.080–0.140 in.) T = 20.0–25.0 d  ≥3.58 mm (0.141 in.) By agreement between consumer and producer (a) Level 1 was previously designated as mild plow steel. (b) Equation applies to both uncoated and drawn...