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plasma-fired cupola

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Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005197
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... materials. The article provides a discussion on the control tests for cupola, including the chill test and mechanical test. It concludes with information on specialized cupolas such as the cokeless cupola and the plasma-fired cupola. casting machines cupola equipment high-iron-tonnage operation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006337
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... of specialized cupolas such as cokeless cupola and plasma-fired cupola. Melting in iron foundries is a major application of induction furnaces. The article describes the operations of two induction furnaces: the channel induction furnace and the induction crucible furnace. It explains the teapot principle...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003173
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... of the furnace, standing it up in the center of the furnace. The molten alloy contacts the furnace wall only briefly during pouring, and there is little or no reaction with the wall. Other power sources may be used in vacuum melting, such as plasmas or electron beams. However, these melting methods...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003174
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... iron, this can be accomplished with various types of melting equipment. Cupolas and induction furnaces tend to be the types most commonly found in the gray iron foundry. The cupola was traditionally the major source of molten iron, but gradual acceptance of electric melting has reduced its dominance...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005186
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... approach to the gating and risering of castings using computer simulation of solidification Evaporative (lost)-foam casting and semisolid casting Computer-aided design and manufacture of castings Integrated foundry systems The melting of metals using the plasma arc cupola Cast metal-matrix...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.9781627082006
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003068
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... spray guns inject the powder orthogonally and sive on the first adherend. See also closed assembly time of composition CaA12Si2Os; a calcium feldspar used in some particles remain in the cooler outer layers of the and open assembly time. concretes, porcelain enamels, glazes, abrasives, abra- plasma...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001118
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
...) into an oil-fired vessel that resembled an oil drum on its side and that could be tilted for tapping. After the invention of the resealable taphole, the reverberatory, or open hearth, furnace evolved as the predominant remelting facility. There are two reasons for the long-term success of the direct...
Book Chapter

By John C. Bittence
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... and Procedures for Small Operations A major step in scrap processing is size reduction. Large items must be cut to simplify handling, increase density, and to enable them to be charged into a furnace. For small-scale scrap processing, gas-cutting, plasma-arc, or carbon-arc torches are the tools...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005895
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... chips ( Fig. 25 ). Insert a graphite ring ( Fig. 26 ), which must be taken out before chemical reactions start. Use a gas burner or plasma torch for heating up the charge from the top. Fig. 25 Starting process with metallic chips embedded in the material Fig. 26 Starting process...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... in the event of a fire and prevent the passage of smoke and flames. Laminated glasses with intumescent interlayers offer the same or better fire ratings without the presence of the wire grid. Regulation of Heat and Light The control of heat loss through windows has advanced so much that the thermal...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.9781627081993
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006348
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... irons cost more than pearlitic irons, their much superior abrasion resistance, combined with the increasing costs of all castings, makes martensitic alloy white irons economically attractive. The better strength and toughness of martensitic irons favor their use, and the trend toward replacing cupola...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006416
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... than pearlitic irons, their much superior abrasion resistance, combined with the increasing costs of all castings, makes martensitic alloy white irons economically attractive. The better strength and toughness of martensitic irons favor their use, and the trend toward replacing cupola melting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.9781627081627
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7