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plasma surface modification

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001319
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... by plasma surface modification. Microroughening increases the area of contact between an adhesive and a substrate to strengthen the bond. Fig. 1 Schematic of plasma processing equipment. (a) Barrel-type reactor, typical of secondary plasma systems. (b) Primary plasma reactor Abstract...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006436
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
...-temperature process; effectively net shape; creation of unique near-surface alloys; gradual interface Line of sight; shallow surface modification zone; high cost Plasma spray Rapid deposition rates; thick coatings; inherent porosity can trap lubricant; low cost Coarse surface finish; need for bond layer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005742
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... quality, the steel industry has used various types of surface-modification technologies. Thermal spray is one important surface-modification process implemented by the steel industry. This article reviews thermal spray materials and equipment used—and gives examples of where typical coated components...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005707
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... Thermochemical Surface Modification Electroplating Anodizing Conventional CVD Plasma-Assisted CVD (PACVD) or Plasma-Enhanced CVD (PECVD) Laser-Assisted CVD Advantages and Disadvantages of CVD Applications for CVD Coatings Evaporation Cathodic Arc Deposition Molecular Beam Epitaxy...
Book Chapter

By Donald M. Mattox
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001289
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., and applications of ion plating. bombardment film growth interface formation ion plated films ion plating nucleation physical vapor deposited films plasma-based ion plating substrate potential surface preparation ION PLATING is a generic term applied to film deposition processes in which...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
.... Although the nitrogen content of alloy surfaces is increased by both nitrogen ion implantation and plasma nitriding, major differences exist between the two processes and the surface modifications they create. The major difference is that ion implantation can be performed at room temperature. Ion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005737
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... requirements for more efficient turbines and reduced NO x and CO 2 emissions have led to new materials, fabrication and process technologies, and surface modification techniques. However, advances in materials and process technology, such as directionally solidified and single-crystal alloys, are currently...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006421
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... Spray and beam-based surface-modification techniques Method Characteristics Plasma spray Arc used as heat source Powders required for surface modification Variety of coatings synthesized Difficult to perform surface heat treatment Coating porosity inherent to the process Spark plasma...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003681
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
...Abstract Abstract Surface modification is the alteration of the surface composition or structure using energy or particle beams. This article discusses two different surface modification methods. The first, ion implantation, is the introduction of ionized species into the substrate using...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005735
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
..., a galvanic cell may be established that actually hastens the demise of a piece of equipment more rapidly than if it had been left uncoated. Therefore, some discussion is essential on how best to implement these coatings for the processing industries. Substrate Surfaces Coating Selection Sealing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... A , Vol 11 ( No. 4 ), 1993 , p 1480 10.1116/1.578688 16. Treglio J.R. , Perry A.J. , and Stinner R.J. , Surface and Coatings Technology , Vol 65 , 1994 , p 184 10.1016/S0257-8972(94)80029-4 17. Hirvonen J.K. , Ion Beam Processing for Surface Modification...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... of Titanium Alloys,” Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham , 1988 52. Salehi M. , Bell T. , and Morton P.H. , Load Bearing Capacity of Plasma Nitrided and Ion Plated Titanium Alloys , Surface Modification Technologies IV , Sudarshan T.S. , Bhat D.G. , and Jeandin M...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006389
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... of coating-deposition techniques, including different forms of spraying (cold, plasma, thermal, etc.), electrochemical deposition, variants of chemical vapor deposition and physical vapor deposition, as well as different forms of cladding. A new and rapidly evolving class of surface-modification...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001729
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... extinguish if the nebulizer operates in air for more than a few seconds during changes of solutions. Use of a quartz bonnet greatly reduces arcing between the induction coils and the outer surface of the torch. During operation of the plasma, the central tube tip will gradually deteriorate, degrading...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001320
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... or abrasive wear, builtup edge, depth-of-cut notching, and thermal cracks. The article provides information on the applicable methods for surface engineering of cutting tools, namely, chemical vapor deposited (CVD) coatings, physical vapor deposited coatings, plasma-assisted CVD coatings, diamond coatings...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002466
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... , Surface Modification Technologies IV , Sudarshan T.S. , Bhat D.G. , and Jeandin M. , TMS , 1991 , p 583 53. Harper M.A. and Rapp R.A. , Codeposition of Chromium and Silicon in Diffusion Coatings for Iron-Base Alloys Using Pack Cementation , Surface Modification...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005736
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... contents compared to powder-based processes and have been preferred. However, plasma spray processes with suitable modification have been more commonly used in the recent past. The most suitable process for this application is the cold spray process, which produces fully dense, oxygen-free coatings without...
Book Chapter

By S.L. Rohde
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001288
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... discusses the fundamentals of plasma formation and the interactions on the target surface. A comparison of reactive and nonreactive sputtering is also provided. The article concludes with a discussion on the several methods of process control and the applications of sputtered films. diode sputtering...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001465
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... electrode through an arc plasma to the workpiece, and returns to the power supply to complete the circuit. The arc plasma is the primary source of heat as electrons move from the metal surface, are accelerated through the plasma column, and impinge on the metal surface at the opposite side of the arc...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005130
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
.... For plasma forming, the diameter of the plasma jet increases with distance from the orifice. Thus, as the distance between a plasma torch nozzle and the workpiece surface increases, for a given travel speed, the temperature developed in the workpiece surface is reduced, thus resulting in a lower rate...