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plasma processing equipment

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001319
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... by plasma surface modification. Microroughening increases the area of contact between an adhesive and a substrate to strengthen the bond. Fig. 1 Schematic of plasma processing equipment. (a) Barrel-type reactor, typical of secondary plasma systems. (b) Primary plasma reactor Abstract...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... and stainless steels, and the influence of current pulse length on carbon input of low-pressure carburizing process are also described. The article presents the basic requirements and process parameters to be considered in plasma carburizing equipment. It also exemplifies a still-working plasma process...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001362
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... orifice. This article describes the principles of operation and operating modes of plasma-MIG welding. It discusses the advantages and disadvantages of the plasma-MIG process. The article describes the components, including power sources and welding torches, of equipment used for the plasma-MIG process...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005205
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
.... It describes the sources of atmospheric contamination in plasma melting furnaces and their control measures. The equipment used in plasma melting furnaces are also discussed. The article provides a detailed discussion on various plasma melting processes, such as plasma consolidation, plasma arc remelting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005718
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... the essential equipment components and necessary controls. The various thermal spray processes are conventional flame spray, detonation gun, high-velocity oxyfuel spray, electric arc spray, and plasma arc spray. Other processes, such as cold spray, underwater plasma arc spray, and extended-arc and other high...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005598
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... Simulation of Materials Processing (ICPNS'07) , Oct 23–27, 2007 ; Mater. Sci. Forum , Vol 575–578 , Part 2, 2008 , p 1382 – 1388 Advantages and Disadvantages of Plasma GMAW Equipment Procedure Applications Personnel Power Sources Welding Torches Shielding Gases Process...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005582
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... Fig. 3 Typical equipment for plasma arc welding. dc, direct current Fig. 1 Plasma arc welding process, showing constriction of the arc by a copper nozzle and a keyhole through the plate Abstract Abstract Plasma arc welding (PAW) can be defined as a gas-shielded arc welding process...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003197
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...) Noncyanide Liquid Carburizing Carbon Gradients Hardness Gradients Furnaces and Equipment Carburizing Compounds Process Control Process Overview Furnace Design Gaseous Nitrocarburizing Plasma Nitrocarburizing Application Factors Single-Stage and Double-Stage Nitriding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005958
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... of nitriding and nitrocarburizing processes and the equipment required for heat treating tool steels to improve hardness, wear resistance, and thermal fatigue. The various nitriding and nitrocarburizing processes covered are salt bath nitrocarburizing, gas nitriding and nitrocarburizing, and plasma nitriding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001440
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...-welding processes that are used for joining titanium and titanium alloys. The processes include gas-tungsten arc welding (GTAW), gas-metal arc welding (GMAW), plasma arc welding (PAW), electron-beam welding (EBW), laser-beam welding (LBW), friction welding (FRW), and resistance welding (RW). The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005719
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... of the entire powder feeding process can be achieved by controlling the processing of feeding equipment as well as the characteristics of the powder being fed. Gas flow control can be achieved by using rotameters, critical orifices, and thermal mass flowmeters, whose ability to provide useful information...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001484
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Cylinders Explosions Process Variations Gas-Shielded Plasma Arc Cutting Water-Shielded Plasma Arc Cutting Water-Injection Plasma Arc Cutting Process Capabilities Process Mechanization Cut Quality Process Description Equipment Gases Operating Sequence Process...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005176
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
..., equipment selection, process variables, and safety measures recommended for plasma arc cutting and air carbon arc cutting. Special applications of electric arc cutting, including shape cutting, gouging, and underwater cutting, are also discussed. The article provides information on other electric arc...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... methods such as oxyfuel gas cutting, plasma arc cutting, oxygen arc cutting, laser beam cutting, and air carbon arc cutting and gouging, describing their process capabilities, equipment used, operating principles and parameters, and factors affecting their efficiency. Selected References Selected...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005717
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... to the deposition process itself is more extensive. Similarly, the safe use of mechanical and electrical equipment such as robots, part manipulators such as lathes or turntables, test and monitoring equipment such as lasers, thermocouples, particle velocity and distribution equipment, even though used during...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005713
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... of the thermal spray processes, applications, and materials growth. Fig. 1 Timeline of thermal spray developments, equipment, processes, and materials. LPPS, low-pressure plasma spray; VPS, vacuum plasma spray; HVOF, high-velocity oxyfuel; RF, radio frequency; TBCs, thermal barrier coatings Feedstock...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005735
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
..., a galvanic cell may be established that actually hastens the demise of a piece of equipment more rapidly than if it had been left uncoated. Therefore, some discussion is essential on how best to implement these coatings for the processing industries. Substrate Surfaces Coating Selection Sealing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005706
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... (FGMs) As shown in Fig. 2 , the thermal spray industry underwent unprecedented growth during the period between 1960 and the late 1990s. Major contributors to this growth include the commercial introduction of plasma spray, the detonation gun, and HVOF; improved process control equipment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001282
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Spray Transferred Plasma-Arc Process High-Velocity Oxyfuel Detonation Gun Process Comparison Ancillary Equipment Cleaning and Degreasing Surface Roughening Sealing Coating Finishing Coating Repair Processes Surface Preparation Finishing Treatment Quality...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001357
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... (orifice) gas. The process can be operated with or without a filler wire addition. Once the equipment is set up and the welding sequence is initiated, the plasma and shielding gases are switched on. A pilot arc is then struck between a tungsten alloy electrode and the copper alloy nozzle within...