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plasma nitriding

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006269
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... Abstract This article describes the nitriding methods of titanium alloys such as plasma nitriding and gas nitriding. It focuses on the interaction of titanium alloys, interaction of titanium with nitrogen, and the interaction of titanium with oxygen, carbon, and hydrogen. The article provides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... aluminum alloys aluminum nitride chemical composition nitrided aluminum alloys nitrides nitriding plasma nitriding ALUMINUM AND ITS ALLOYS are characterized by low hardness and less satisfactory tribological performance. These limits can be overcome by means of load-specific surface engineering...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003197
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., carbon and hardness gradients, and process procedures of different types of case hardening methods: carburizing (gas, pack, liquid, vacuum, and plasma), nitriding (gas, liquid, plasma), carbonitriding, cyaniding and ferritic nitrocarburizing. An accurate and repeatable method of measuring case depth is...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... silicon devices. Plasma enhancement of the CVD process makes it possible to lower the deposition temperature significantly (e.g., to 250 to 300 °C, or 480 to 570 °F, for PECVD of silicon nitride) ( Ref 1 , 9 ) while maintaining a reasonable rate of deposition and film quality. Thus, some of the...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005205
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... furnace construction. In the case of metals with high affinities for oxygen or nitrogen, these gases are totally absorbed by the melt and will be found as oxide or nitride inclusions in the product. To obtain a clean initial furnace atmosphere, the vacuum-tight plasma furnace is evacuated with a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006641
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Abstract This article discusses the basic principles of inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), covering different instruments used for performing ICP-MS analysis. The instruments covered include the sample-introduction system, ICP ion source, mass analyzer, and ion detector...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001320
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... coatings crater wear cutting tools depth-of-cut notching diamond coatings flank wear high-speed tool steels ion implantation machining manufacturing productivity physical vapor deposited coatings plasma-assisted chemical vapour deposited coatings polycrystalline cubic boron nitrides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005927
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... equivalent to that in plasma carburizing. In conventional propane-enriched-atmosphere furnaces, carburizing occurs through the catalytic decomposition of CO according to: (Eq 1) CO + H 2   → C Fe + H 2 O Propane enrichment aids this reaction according to: (Eq 2a) C 3...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001282
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract This article introduces thermal spray coatings and describes the various types of coating processes and coating devices, including the flame spray, electric-arc spray, plasma spray, transferred plasma arc, high-velocity oxyfuel, and detonation gun. It provides information on the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001306
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... (electrical steels). This article provides a detailed discussion on the various surface treatments, including cleaning, nitriding, carburizing, coating, and plating, performed on specialty steels. carburizing case hardening cleaning coating corrosion resistance deburring electrical steels ferrous...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005955
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
...); this point is reached at 1311 °C (2390 °F) at a pressure of 130 MPa (10 –3 mm Hg). Ion nitriding, also called plasma nitriding , introduces nascent (elemental) nitrogen to the surface of a metal part for subsequent diffusion into the material. In actual practice, the injected gas is a mixture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003842
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
..., oxide ceramics, non-silica forming nitrides, carbides, and borides. The performance of environmental barrier coatings by material type is also discussed. The article also explains the effects of oxidation and corrosion on the mechanical properties of ceramic-matrix composites. It concludes with...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... corrosion for CSP applications is approximately ≤20 μm/year. The lowest corrosion rate of 190 μm/year was obtained for atmospheric plasma-sprayed NiCoCrAlY (an alumina-former) coatings preoxidized in air at 900 °C (1650 °F) for 24 h with a heating/cooling rate of 0.5 °C/min (1 °F/min) ( Ref 84 ). Next...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... implantation and laser surface processing. Surface hardening techniques, namely, nitriding, carburizing, boriding, and flame hardening, performed to improve the resistance of stainless steel alloys are also reviewed. acid cleaning acid descaling alkaline cleaning boriding buffing carburizing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005956
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... wear properties of industrial parts. Additionally, corrosion resistance of nitrided parts is similar to the corrosion resistance of austenitic materials. The original nitriding process uses gaseous ammonia as a nitrogen source. Today, plasma-assisted processes also are widely used. By nitriding, the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... corrosive media include: hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid, phosphoric acid, hydrofluoric acid, hydrobromic acid, nitric acid, organic acids, salts, seawater, and alkalis. The modes of high-temperature corrosion include oxidation, carburization, metal dusting, sulfidation, nitridation, corrosion by halogens...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article provides crystallographic and engineering data for single oxide ceramics, zirconia, silicates, mullite, spinels, perovskites, borides, carbides, silicon carbide, boron carbide, tungsten carbide, silicon-nitride ceramics, diamond, and graphite. It includes data on crystal...
Book Chapter

By S.L. Rohde
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001288
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... dense but rather low-stress coatings ( Ref 88 ). A combination of arc etching and unbalanced magnetron sputter deposition may open new avenues ( Ref 89 , 90 ). Another combined process, sputtering and plasma nitriding, can be used to increase the life of sputter-coated tools. Ti 0.5 Al 0.5 N sputter...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001283
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... temperatures for thermal and plasma chemical vapor deposition Material Deposition temperature Thermal CVD Plasma CVD °C °F °C °F Silicon nitride 900 1650 300 570 Silicon dioxide 800–1100 1470–2010 300 570 Titanium carbide 900–1100 1650–2010 500 930 Titanium nitride...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001300
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract This article describes the structure of coatings produced by plasma spraying, vapor deposition, and electrodeposition processes. The main techniques used for microstructure assessment are introduced. The relationship between the microstructure and property is also discussed. The...