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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005598
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
...Comparison of filler wire melting rates for plasma gas metal arc welding (GMAW) with and without the GMAW arc Table 1 Comparison of filler wire melting rates for plasma gas metal arc welding (GMAW) with and without the GMAW arc Mild steel filler wire; plasma gas, argon; shielding gas, 89% Ar...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005582
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... 304L/316L stainless steel Table 4 Keyhole plasma welding conditions for pipe prefabrication in type 304L/316L stainless steel Tube diam Thickness Edge preparation Welding current, A Welding speed Gas flow Filler wire feed rate (1.0 mm diam) Plasma gas, argon Shielding gas, argon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001357
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... A  250 4.8 0.19 60 (c) 3.45 (d) 0.14 3.0 0.79 … … 20–35 5.3–9.2  300 3.45 (d) 0.14 (d) 3.5 0.92  350 3.96 (d) 0.16 (d) 4.1 1.08 (a) Argon plasma gas. (b) Argon and Ar-5H 2 shielding gas. (c) Electrode tip blunted to 1 mm (0.04 in.) diameter...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001362
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...Comparison of filler wire melting rates for plasma-MIG welding with and without the GMAW arc Table 1 Comparison of filler wire melting rates for plasma-MIG welding with and without the GMAW arc Mild steel filler wire; plasma gas, argon; shielding gas, 89% Ar + 6% CO 2 + 5% O 2 Plasma...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001340
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... and shielding gas. (c) Properly balanced gas flow rates produce complete joint penetration by forming a small weld pool with a hole penetrating completely through the base metal. As the plasma torch is moved, metal melted by the arc is forced to flow around the plasma steam producing the “keyhole...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005176
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
...Comparison of oxyfuel gas and PAC processes Table 1 Comparison of oxyfuel gas and PAC processes   Oxyfuel Plasma arc Flame temperature 3040 °C (5500 °F) 28,000 °C (50,000 °F) Action Oxidation, melting, expulsion Melting, expulsion Preheat Yes No Kerf Narrow Wide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005597
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... < 1 8 Argon Argon Ar-5H 2 ≤3.2 ≥ 1 8 Argon 75He-25Ar Ar-5H 2 (a) Properly balanced gas flow rates produce complete joint penetration by forming a small weld pool with a hole penetrating completely through the base metal. As the plasma torch is moved, metal melted...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001484
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Characteristics of a plasma arc cut Fig. 7 PAC torch direction that achieves best quality Abstract Abstract Plasma arc cutting (PAC) is an erosion process that utilizes a constricted arc in the form of a high-velocity jet of ionized gas to melt and sever metal in a narrow, localized area...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001729
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... plasma supply, flows tangentially in the annular gap between the outer and middle tubes at 10 to 20 L/min. An auxiliary gas flowing the gap between the middle and inner tubes is used at approximately 1 L/min during ignition of the plasma to hold the plasma up off the ends of the inner tubes...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003206
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... for attaching studs to steel plate. Usually more economical than drilling and tapping. SMAW, shielded metal arc welding; GMAW, gas metal arc welding; FCAW, flux-cored arc welding; GTAW, gas tungsten arc welding; PAW, plasma arc welding; SAW, submerged arc welding; EGW, electrogas welding; ESW, electroslag...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003206
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Arc welding methods can be classified into shielded metal arc welding, flux-cored arc welding, submerged arc welding, gas metal arc welding, gas tungsten arc welding, plasma arc welding, plasma-metal inert gas (MIG) welding, and electroslag and electrogas welding. This article provides...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... methods such as oxyfuel gas cutting, plasma arc cutting, oxygen arc cutting, laser beam cutting, and air carbon arc cutting and gouging, describing their process capabilities, equipment used, operating principles and parameters, and factors affecting their efficiency. Selected References Selected...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005174
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
...Comparison of oxyfuel gas cutting and plasma arc cutting processes Table 4 Comparison of oxyfuel gas cutting and plasma arc cutting processes Oxyfuel Plasma arc Flame temperature 3040 °C (5500 °F) 28,000 °C (50,000 °F) Action Oxidation, melting, expulsion Melting, expulsion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005130
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
...Abstract Abstract This article begins with a discussion on the energy sources used for thermal forming. These include electric induction coil, gas flame, plasma torch, and laser beam. The article discusses the mechanisms of forming and different modes of deformation. It describes the effect...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005205
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... is used to melt a material. Plasma torches produce heat from an electrical current that passes through a partially ionized gas (or plasma). The plasma is generated by the phenomenon known as gaseous discharge, whereby a gas is ionized by electrical breakdown. The electrical breakdown of the gas can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005719
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... Related Measurement Issues Gas Quality Issues Thermal Spray Controls Plasma Arc Starting Problems Motion Control Water Cooling Thermal Spray Plume Sensors<xref rid="a0005719-fn1" ref-type="table-fn">[1]</xref> Manipulation Variables Time Variables Temperature Variables Other...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006269
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
.... Adapted from Ref 57 . Used with permission from © Carl Hanser Verlag, München Fig. 7 Hardness profiles of gas-nitrided (GN) and plasma-nitrided (PN) specimens of Ti-6Al-4V alloy. T N = 800 °C (1470 °F); t N = 24 h. Source: Ref 20 (translated into English). Used with permission from ©...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003197
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... of different types of case hardening methods: carburizing (gas, pack, liquid, vacuum, and plasma), nitriding (gas, liquid, plasma), carbonitriding, cyaniding and ferritic nitrocarburizing. An accurate and repeatable method of measuring case depth is essential for quality control of the case hardening process...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... for 16MnCr5 and 17CrNiMo6. Source: Ref 14 Abstract Abstract The plasma carburizing process is basically a low-pressure carburizing process making use of a high-voltage electrical field applied between the load to be treated and the furnace wall producing activated and ionized gas species...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006355
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... of duplex 2205 stainless steel plasma nitrocarburized at 370 °C (700 °F) for 15 h Fig. 29 Volumetric wear of (a) X2CrNiMo 17-12-2 austenitic and (b) X2CrNiMoN 22-5-3 duplex stainless steels treated at 400 °C (750 °F) for 32 h using plasma nitriding (PN), gas oxynitriding (GON), plasma carburizing...