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plasma carburizing

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... Abstract The plasma carburizing process is basically a low-pressure carburizing process making use of a high-voltage electrical field applied between the load to be treated and the furnace wall producing activated and ionized gas species responsible for carbon transfer to the workpieces...
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Published: 30 September 2014
Fig. 26 Two-chamber plasma-carburizing furnace that consists of a plasma-carburizing chamber and an oil-quenching chamber More
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Published: 01 December 1998
Fig. 8 Carbon gradient profile of atmosphere, vacuum, and plasma carburizing of AISI 8620 steel at 980 °C (1800 °F) saturation conditions for 30 min and followed by direct oil quenching. More
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Published: 01 January 1997
Fig. 15 Carbon gradient profile of atmosphere, vacuum, and plasma carburizing of AISI 8620 steel at 980 °C (1800 °F) saturation conditions for 30 min and followed by direct oil quenching. Source: Ref 81 More
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Published: 01 August 2013
Fig. 1 Schematic drawing of a plasma carburizing furnace. Courtesy of IPSEN International More
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Published: 01 August 2013
Fig. 6 Surface reactions during plasma carburizing. Source: Ref 13 More
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Published: 31 December 2017
Fig. 8 Wear volume loss observed for untreated and plasma-carburized samples in a nonlubricated ball-on-cylinder wear test. Titanium Ti-6Al-4V. Adapted from Ref 8 More
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Published: 01 October 2014
Fig. 36 Representative plasma-assisted boost and diffuse carburizing cycle More
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Published: 01 December 1998
Fig. 9 Schematic of plasma (ion) carburizing apparatus More
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Published: 01 October 2014
Fig. 19 Chemical profiles for ASTM F138 steel sample plasma nitrided (PN), plasma carburized (PC), and plasma nitrocarburized (PNC) at 425 °C (800 °F). Source: Ref 16 More
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Published: 01 October 2014
Fig. 21 Lost wear volume. Plasma nitriding (PN) at 400 °C (750 °F), plasma carburizing (PC) at 450 °C (840 °F), and plasma nitrocarburizing (PNC) at 400 and 450 °C. Source: Ref 16 More
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Published: 01 October 2014
Fig. 20 Hardness profiles of ASTM F138 steel sample plasma nitrided (PN) at 400 °C (750 °F), plasma carburized (PC) at 450 °C (840 °F), and plasma nitrocarburized (PNC) at 400 and 450 °C. Source: Ref 16 More
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Published: 01 October 2014
Fig. 4 X-ray diffraction patterns of nitrogen and carbon S-phase in comparison with untreated AISI 316 stainless steel. PC, plasma carburized; PN, plasma nitrided. Source: Ref 4 More
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Published: 31 December 2017
Fig. 29 Volumetric wear of (a) X2CrNiMo 17-12-2 austenitic and (b) X2CrNiMoN 22-5-3 duplex stainless steels treated at 400 °C (750 °F) for 32 h using plasma nitriding (PN), gas oxynitriding (GON), plasma carburizing (PC), and plasma carbonitriding (PCN). Adapted from Ref 49 with permission More
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 8 Intergranular crack initiation site from bending fatigue of plasma-carburized steel containing 1.06% Mn, 0.52% Cr, 0.30% Ni, and 0.1% Mo. Source: Ref 2 More
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Published: 01 October 2014
Fig. 27 Example of type 1 bending fatigue fracture initiation consisting of a short intergranular crack initiation site, a region of transgranular crack propagation, and overload intergranular fracture through the case. Plasma-carburized steel containing 1.06% Mn, 0.52% Cr, 0.30% Ni, and 0.1 More
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Published: 01 August 2013
Fig. 31 Fatigue limits of plasma- and gas-carburized parts as a function of retained austenite. Source: Ref 59 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005977
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... nitriding techniques and non-plasma assisted nitriding processes. It also describes the difficulties in stainless steel nitriding/carburizing. austenitic stainless steel carburizing corrosion resistance duplex stainless steel ferritic stainless steel fretting fatigue hardness martensitic...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003197
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., carbon and hardness gradients, and process procedures of different types of case hardening methods: carburizing (gas, pack, liquid, vacuum, and plasma), nitriding (gas, liquid, plasma), carbonitriding, cyaniding and ferritic nitrocarburizing. An accurate and repeatable method of measuring case depth...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... that overcomes the major limitations of gas carburizing yet retains the desirable features of a simple atmosphere and a higher permissible operating temperature is plasma or ion carburizing. To summarize, carburizing methods include: Gas carburizing Vacuum carburizing or low-pressure carburizing...