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plasma arc spraying

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Published: 01 January 1994
Fig. 7 Transferred plasma-arc spraying More
Image
Published: 01 January 1993
Fig. 17 Schematic of the plasma arc spray process. Courtesy of D. Baxter, Advanced Materials & Processes More
Image
Published: 01 January 1993
Fig. 6 Schematic of a plasma arc powder spray system showing routing of plasma gas and powder material at the output nozzle More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005718
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
.... The article summarizes the essential equipment components and necessary controls. The various thermal spray processes are conventional flame spray, detonation gun, high-velocity oxyfuel spray, electric arc spray, and plasma arc spray. Other processes, such as cold spray, underwater plasma arc spray...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005706
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... spray, wire- or rod-fed flame spray, electric arc spray, plasma arc spray, vacuum plasma spray, high-velocity oxyfuel spray, detonation gun deposition, and cold spray, and their advantages. It provides details on the microstructural characteristics of thermal spray coatings. The article also presents...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005749
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... oxyfuel wire (spray) OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration oz ounce p page p pressure; hydrostatic pressure acting on the surface P specific load Pa pascal PA plasma arc (spray); prealloyed; polyamide PA-CVD plasma-assisted chemical vapor...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001282
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract This article introduces thermal spray coatings and describes the various types of coating processes and coating devices, including the flame spray, electric-arc spray, plasma spray, transferred plasma arc, high-velocity oxyfuel, and detonation gun. It provides information...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005719
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... feeding is the most common and important subprocess because it is used in many high-end applications of thermal spray, including plasma arc, high-velocity oxyfuel, and flame spray. Powder feeding also involves the most variables of any material feed system. Powder feeders can be grouped into three...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001280
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... of various coating materials, namely, silicate glasses, oxides, carbides, silicides, and cermets. It reviews ceramic coating methods: brushing, spraying, dipping, flow coating, combustion flame spraying, plasma-arc flame spraying, detonation gun spraying, pack cementation, fluidized-bed deposition, vapor...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005713
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... invented in the mid to late 1950s as a result of research in the laboratories of Union Carbide Corporation's Linde Division (now Praxair Inc. and its Praxair Surface Technologies Inc. subsidiary). Plasma spray deposition, both transferred arc and nontransferred arc, was invented by Robert M. Gage (U.S...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001442
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... the oxyacetylene process, but it can be readily welded using gas-tungsten arc welding or the PTA process. It can also be applied using the plasma or high-velocity oxyfuel thermal spray techniques. Although it has excellent metal-to-metal wear resistance and moderate abrasive wear resistance, it possesses poor...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0005586
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... and Health Administration oz ounce p page p pressure P pearlite P specific load or unit load; pressure Pa Pascal PA plasma arc (spray); prealloyed; polyamide PACVD plasma-assisted chemical vapor deposition PAN polyacrylonitrile...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005717
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... Plasma 115–125 Flame wire/rod 115–125 Electric arc 105–125 Flame powder 90–110 VPS and inert chamber Ambient HVOF, high-velocity oxyfuel; VPS, vacuum plasma spray Exposure times for various noise levels according to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005597
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... Abstract The shielding gas used in an arc welding process has a significant influence on the overall performance of the welding system. These gases are argon, helium, oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, and carbon dioxide. This article discusses the shielding gas selection criteria for plasma arc...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001340
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
.../oxidation potential, surface tension, gas purity, and gas density. It describes the characteristics of the components of a shielding gas blend. The article discusses the selection of shielding gas for gas-metal arc welding (GMAW), gas-tungsten arc welding (GTAW), and plasma arc welding (PAW), as well...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005646
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... observation and control of a welding nontransferred arc (plasma arc welding and oxygen cutting operation. operator. The equipment may or may not cutting, and plasma spraying) An arc estab- oxygen cutting (OC) A group of cutting pro- load and unload the workpieces. See also lished between the electrode...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001462
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... and alloy wires and powders in metallic sheaths (cored wire) can be sprayed at rates of over 25 kg/h (55 lb/h). Fig. 5 Spray pattern generated by two electrically charged wires melted at the nozzle of an arc spraying gun Plasma Spraying Plasma spraying uses a nontransferred arc gun...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005740
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... relaxation Heatsink Cu Cold spray UD (a) APS, atmospheric plasma spray; PTWA, plasma-transferred wire arc; HVOF, high-velocity oxyfuel. (b) UD, under development; +++, large; ++, medium; +, small Engine Parts The majority of this article discusses engine parts that are thermally...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005756
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... Electric arc, plasma spray, and welding Optical radiation Welding helmets or welding shields. Typical shades: 10–14. Autodimming shades as suitable Note: Skin protection to prevent ultraviolet burns (severe sunburn) is needed in addition to eye and face protection when working around wire arc, plasma...
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 2 Material loss in hot erosion and erosion-corrosion tests of 19 materials at 550 °C (1020 °F) by quartz sand/KCl mixture. 1–2, steels; 3–4, diffusion coatings; 5–7, arc-sprayed coatings; 8, combustion arc coating; 9–12, high-velocity oxyfuel (HVOF) coatings; 13, spray and fuse coating More