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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003651
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
.... Consideration of these factors during the planning stage helps the corrosion engineer to obtain the maximum amount of information with the minimum number of problems. References References 1. “ANSI Standard for Polyethylene Encasement for Ductile-Iron Pipe Systems,” C105/ A21.5-99, American Water...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006754
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... the most useful and relevant information to be obtained. The discussion covers the principles and approaches in failure analysis work, objectives and scopes of failure analysis, the planning stages for failure analysis, the preparation of a protocol for a failure analysis, practices used by failure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003640
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... is a good investment. The most important consideration, at the initial planning stages, should be to integrate the available information in order to limit future setbacks. Table 1 expands on each of the elements in Fig. 1 by indicating many of the questions that should be asked at the three stages...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006078
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... Commercialization of the TIRO process is in the planning stage, with planned construction of a 10 tonnes/annum plant in Melbourne, Australia, at Coogee Titanium ( Ref 13 ). This is an electrochemical method in which solid titanium dioxide (TiO 2 ) is cathodically reduced to titanium metal or titanium alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003440
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... or scale is rarely necessary. However, good engineering judgement should be used to balance the critical/minimum design needs with potential unforeseen downstream data needs. For example, the need for a full set of elastic properties may not be obvious in the test planning stage but may become necessary...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003986
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... as it directly affects the thickness dimension. In mechanical presses, poor volume control can cause overloading of the press when the billets are oversize and lack of fill when the billets are undersize. During the designing and planning stages, decisions are made relative to the material that affect...
Book Chapter

By Lance A. Ealey
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002435
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... at the earliest stage of product/process development and to incorporate improvements in quality into management planning. It provides a common language understood by both managers and engineers. The QLF curve is quadratic in nature: Loss increases by the square of the distance from the target value ( Fig. 1b...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005346
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... that approximately 70% of future profitability is influenced at the product and process design stage as shown in Fig. 1 ( Ref 3 ). By planning for quality, the goal is to prevent mistakes from occurring instead of relying on the old tried and true method of detecting issues. This is not to say that prevention...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... of suggested limits for design of minimum web thickness, based on plan area of forging (see <xref rid="a0004039-f6" ref-type="fig">Fig. 6c</xref>) Table 3 Summary of suggested limits for design of minimum web thickness, based on plan area of forging (see Fig. 6c ) Based on the limits suggested by four...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003703
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
..., from the proposal-to-production planning stages ( Fig. 1 ) ( Ref 28 ). In the practical, real world, however, communication of agreed reasons for failures may not always reach the designer. Indeed, communication to contractors, who are closest to the application, is even poorer ( Ref 28 , 29...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003518
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... lack of conformity and its direct expected consequences is not a valid failure analysis approach. During the planning stages on the possible scope of an investigation, it is sometimes useful to focus attention on the potential complexity of the problem and on when the physical cause may have...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002487
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
.... Computer-aided process planning programs are most easily applied to production with CNC equipment and medium to large production volumes. It is an optimization approach that is normally used at a relatively late stage of the design process when a complete initial design is available. Design...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005188
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... testing for quality assurance Fig. 5 Questionnaire for foundries—short form Fig. 4 Selection criteria of a purchasing plan Fig. 1 Four basic steps of purchasing process Fig. 2 Casting request-for-quotation form Fig. 3 Basic elements of a purchasing plan...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0009214
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... of the experiment. Randomization also ensures valid estimates of experimental error and enables the application of statistical tests of significance and the construction of confidence intervals. Failure to randomize at a crucial stage of an experimental plan can lead to misleading results. The beneficial effects...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005857
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
...Inspection plan Table 1 Inspection plan Inspection Product characteristic Evaluation technique Sample size (a) First-piece inspection (for every lot) Surface hardness Microhardness tester 1/each setup Case depth Microhardness per standard 1/each setup Pattern Visual...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... the full range of the activity from planning, through execution to interpretation and reporting should be developed and followed at every stage. To further enhance ultrasonic inspection, automated ultrasonic systems have been developed. The most widely used ultrasonic technique is the pulse-echo...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003519
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., cell phone, and laptop or hand-held computer device Fig. 2 Example of fault tree chart for forgings with dye-penetrant defects Fig. 3 Example of a failure mode assessment chart (for fault tree of forgings defects in Fig. 2) Fig. 4 Example of a technical plan for resolution...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... reaching this stage has the maximum opportunity for implementation. A Gantt chart should be prepared describing the activities required to implement each proposal. The implementation plan, as in the example shown in Table 4 , serves as a guide to the assignment of a specific person to accomplish each...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003706
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
...Existing structural integrity framework for aircraft Table 1 Existing structural integrity framework for aircraft Corrosion degradation addressed by additions to activities in italic. Task Stage Activities I Design information Integrity master plan Structural design criteria...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001727
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
.... It provides useful information on sample types, sampling plan, optimizing sampling resources, practical aspects of sampling, and how to ensure the quality of sampling. References References 1. Youden W.J. , The Roles of Statistics in Regulatory Work , J. Assoc. Off. Anal. Chem. , Vol 50...