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plain bearings

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract A sliding bearing (plain bearing) is a machine element designed to transmit loads or reaction forces to a shaft that rotates relative to the bearing. This article explains the role of wear damage mechanisms in the design and selection of bearing materials, and its relationship with...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... steel pressing or bushing, or a bronze or iron casting. The bonded bimetal material is shaped and machined to make plain, fluid film lubricated bearings for a wide variety of automotive, industrial, and marine applications. Babbitt is used in small bearings for high-volume applications, such as...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... Presently, high-alloy, stainless, bearing, and other high-quality steels as well as low-alloy and plain-carbon steels are produced in EAFs. Figure 6 shows a schematic cross section of an EAF. Commercial EAFs are almost exclusively lined with basic refractories of burned magnesite or direct-bonded...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003134
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... fatigue strength, the rigidity of the backing material, lubrication, the thickness of bearing material, load, the speed of rotation, atmospheric conditions, and other factors. Copper alloys can be cast into plain bearings, cast on steel backs, cast on rolled strip, make into sintered powder metallurgy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005936
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... determination as well as numerical modeling of transformation plasticity strain are discussed. Although Greenwood and Johnson did determine in their original work the TRIP strain for a plain carbon steel containing 0.39 wt% C, only recent modeling approaches consider it. Experimental results show that K is...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... three successive stages of acid cleaning followed by one plain water rinse and one rinse with chromic acid in water proved more economical and satisfactory. The practice was then to dump the cleaner periodically from the first stage and decant the second stage cleaner to the first stage, recharging the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... behavior on soft solders, pewter, bearing alloys, tin-copper alloys, and tin-silver alloys. It reviews the influence of corrosion on immersion tin coating, tin-cadmium alloy coatings, tin-cobalt coatings, tin-copper coatings, tin-lead coatings, tin-nickel coatings, and tin-zinc coatings. The general...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... natural clay, either plain or with an abrasive mixture throughout. The tile is available in a variety of shapes, from square to hexagonal, and is used as decorative wall finishes. Decorative wall tile is glazed tile with a thin body that is usually nonvitreous and suitable for interior decorative...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005674
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract Titanium and its alloys have been used extensively in a wide variety of implant applications, such as artificial heart pumps, pacemaker cases, heart valve parts, and load-bearing bone or hip joint replacements or bone splints. This article discusses the properties of titanium and its...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... synovial joint exhibits the features of many engineering plain bearings. It consists of layers of bearing material (articular cartilage) ted on relatively hard bones forming the skeletal frame ( Fig. 1 ). The lubricant (synovial fluid) is a water-based fluid containing an additive (hyaluronic acid) that...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... properties make it unnecessary to use glass or inorganic fiber reinforcements to improve strength. This is advantageous because these additives can lead to abrasive wear in some applications. Elastomers such as natural and synthetic rubbers and fluoroelastomers can be used as soft-lined plain bearings...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.../gal) Temperature (static) Room temperature Cathode efficiency 50–75% Anodes Plain steel Throwing power Excellent Quality of plate Excellent Ease of solution analysis Difficult Critical temperature (working) None, with or without agitation Color of solution Clear, pale...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003807
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... specification in 1941, it encompassed steels with a range of chemical composition and minimum yield points from 290 to 345 MPa (42 to 50 ksi) and with corrosion resistance equal to or greater than copper-bearing steels (twice that of copper-free plain carbon steels) in most environments. The specification ASTM...
Book Chapter

By Ted Kostilnik
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... 2 Effect of shot peening on fatigue strength of aluminum alloys and carbon and low-alloy steels Metal tested Type of specimen Stress cycle Surface condition as-received Aluminum alloys 2014-T6 Plain, 38 mm (1.5 in.) diam Reversed bending Smooth turned (a) 2024-T4 Plain...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003806
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... later found that copper-bearing steels also perform better than plain carbon steels at ocean sites ( Ref 12 ). A number of marine corrosion studies have evaluated the benefits of copper, nickel, chromium, and phosphorus additions to steel ( Ref 1 , 13 , 14 , 15 , 16 , 17 , 18 ). The benefit...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003186
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... tool lives obtained with the material in question and the reference material in a standardized test ( Table 2 ). Other criteria used to rank material machinability include machining forces and power consumption, chip form, and achievable surface finish. Table 2 Machinability ratings of plain...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003094
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... between sheet and strip made of plain carbon steel depends on the rolling process. It should be noted that both sheet and strip can be purchased as either cut lengths or coils. The standard dimensional tolerances for plain carbon steel strip are more restrictive than those for sheet. Standard size ranges...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... Table 5 Galvanic series in seawater Magnesium (most active) Magnesium alloys Zinc. Aluminum 100 Cadmium Aluminum 2017 Steel (plain) Cast iron Chromium iron (active) Nickel cast iron 304 stainless (active) 316 stainless (active) Hastelloy C Lead-tin...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006072
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... of allowing the bridge to move during hot and cold periods and transferring loads to the substructure. Many bearing assemblies are composed of ferrous materials (steel and cast iron), polished stainless steel, polytetrafluoroethylene, and elastomer (plain pads, steel reinforced, and cotton duck...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003196
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... phase diagram showing typical normalizing range for plain carbon steels ANNEALING is a generic term denoting a treatment that consists of heating to and holding at a suitable temperature followed by cooling at an appropriate rate, primarily for softening of metallic materials. It also is...