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piston-cylinder conjunctions

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006399
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... in piston-cylinder conjunctions, engine bearings, and transmission and differential gearing systems. power train systems friction lubrication wear surface roughness lubricant rheology piston-cylinder conjunctions bearings gearing systems Introduction Tribology is the study of friction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003484
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract This article provides information on the applications of metal-matrix composites in engine components, brake system, and driveshaft. The components include pistons, cylinder liners, valves, pushrods, and connecting rods. metal-matrix composites engine components brake system...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... run aluminum cylinders against aluminum pistons without seizing, as a result of solid lubrication provided by the graphite particles incorporated in the castings. Fig. 5 (a) Centrifugally cast aluminum-graphite composite. (b) Cast iron cylinder block of a motorcycle engine fitted...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... volume fraction of hard primary-silicon particles in the microstructure, and they are often used in applications requiring a high degree of wear resistance, such as pistons, cylinder liners, brake systems components, and transmission servo pistons. Matrix-hardening alloys (2 xx .0 and 355.0 families...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004040
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... in section G-G of Fig. 5(c) . The outer contours of the cylinder were developed in conjunction with the piercing operation. The large central bore was completed by machining. Other Applications of Piercing and Punchout The usefulness of piercing and punchout is not limited to the development...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... forming, piston rings, skirts and cylinders, chains, cams and follower bearings, and gears ( Ref 26 ). The normal break-in is a form of mild adhesive wear. Scuffing usually refers to moderate adhesive wear, while galling, smearing, seizing, and scoring result from severe adhesion ( Ref 4 ). When...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005112
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... Double Triple Crank Front-to-back crank Eccentric Toggle Screw Cam Rack and pinion Piston Over direct Geared, overdrive Under direct Geared, underdrive One-point Two-point Four-point Single Multiple Solid Open Adjustable Bench X X … … … X … X … X X X … … X … X...
Book Chapter

By Pel Lynah
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002154
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
.... It also eliminates the need for piston rings in fitting some plungers to cylinders. Other common uses of matched-piece lapping include fitting tapered valve components ( Fig. 1 ) and mating two or more gears in a set. Fig. 1 Tapered valve components finished by matched-piece lapping for precise fit...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005514
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... recently been proposed. The molten alloy is contained in a rigid cylindrical cell of a material of known expansion characteristics. Two protruding pistons are supplied so that the net changes in the volume of the specimen and the cylinder are measured, so the volume expansion and density of the alloy can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006371
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... ). Although piston rings are installed with a clearance to the cylinder wall, they provide sufficient sealing due to the small duration of the combustion (sealed) pressure. In some applications such as high-performance racing engines, clearances are minimal at room temperature to maximize horsepower at normal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004164
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... to provide protection against pitting and crevice attack. Nitrite (as sodium or potassium salts) is generally used as an inhibitor for cast iron to prevent cylinder liner pitting in heavy-duty engine applications. Concerns have been raised over the use of nitrite in conjunction with certain amines...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006525
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... casting machine To the left of the plunger rod are the hydraulic system piston (shot cylinder), shot accumulator and intensifier accumulator, and control valves that provide velocity and pressure to the plunger. This velocity is changed at predetermined positions, providing the output force...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.9781627081924
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003464
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... slide, into the cylinder. The easiest way to set the standoff distance is to use a blank slide and 375 μm of shim material. At this point, a few drops of glycerin are placed on the recessed piston, and the glass- bonded 1 mm wafer is inserted into the cylinder. The sacrificial hand vice...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002444
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... constant. The K -ε turbulence model is described in more detail in Ref 26 , which also describes the use of wall functions to calculate wall heat and momentum losses in conjunction with the K -ε model. Descriptions of many two-equation turbulence models, and their relative advantages, can be found...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... and/or corrosion resistance is required. This includes products such as piston rings, shock absorbers, struts, brake pistons, engine valve stems, cylinder liners, and hydraulic rods. Other applications are for aircraft landing gears, textile and gravure rolls, plastic rolls, and dies and molds. The rebuilding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... in the lubricant circuit try to measure wear particles in the fluid directly. Methods that rely on a transparent fluid or medium, such as light scattering, will be difficult to use in conjunction with turbid or opaque liquids, for example, used engine oil. Consequently, these wear particles need to be marked...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... tribological action on a component (e.g., piston ring/cylinder liner; bearing shell/shaft). The contact-area-to-wear-track ratio is an important factor in developing suitable methods for testing. Fig. 4 Basic contact conditions for (a) conformal and (b) counterformal contact, with Hertzian contact...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003259
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... testing machines are capable of indicating the applied force in either lbf or N (the use of kgf is not recommended). The load-applying mechanism may be a hydraulic piston and cylinder with an associated hydraulic power supply, or the load may be administered via precision-cut machine screws driven...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003132
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., B 359, B 395, B 543 Condenser and heat-exchanger tubes, flexible hose; plumbing pipe; pump lines C26000 Cartridge brass, 70% B 135 Plumbing brass goods C33000 Low-leaded brass (tube) B 135 Pump and power cylinders and liners; plumbing brass goods C36000 Free-cutting brass … Screw...