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piston rings

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003971
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... commercial jet engines, bicycle-frame tubing), rolling (to make sheet), and closed-die forging (e.g., helicopter rotor-blade sleeves, automobile engine pistons and connecting rods). Cast-and-extruded DRA MMC driveshafts with a 6061 aluminum matrix and alumina reinforcements have also been introduced for...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003061
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... point is the top dead center ring position. On the other hand, an uncooled adiabatic engine, without a constant, low-temperature sink on the cylinder liner, experiences an extremely high temperature on the cylinder liner wall. The piston and the piston rings also experience high temperatures ( Fig...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005328
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... are used as cylinder liners, exhaust manifolds, valve guides, gas turbine housings, turbocharger housings, nozzle rings, water pump bodies, and piston rings in aluminum pistons. Figure 3 shows the typical microstructure obtained in Ni-Resist irons. Fig. 3 Micrograph of a D-5S Ni-Resist ductile...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... excellent wear and/or corrosion resistance is required. This includes products such as piston rings, shock absorbers, struts, brake pistons, engine valve stems, cylinder liners, and hydraulic rods. Other applications are for aircraft landing gears, textile and gravure rolls, plastic rolls, and dies and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... piston rings (see the discussion below on chromium plating). Areas not requiring a plated surface can be masked or stopped off to prevent coverage. Plating can be applied as a very thin layer for applications requiring only a pleasing appearance or mild corrosion resistance; thicker plating can be...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003132
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., 5% B 111, B 359, B 395 Condenser, evaporator and heat-exchanger tubes; distiller tubes C65100 Silicon bronze B B 315 Heat-exchanger tubes; electrical conduits C65500 Silicon bronze A B 315 Chemical equipment, heat-exchanger tubes; piston rings C68700 Arsenical aluminum brass B 111...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... produced by Toyota, Japan, in the early 1980s ( Ref 6 ). The piston was produced by squeeze casting technology, in which liquid aluminum was infiltrated in alumina-silica short fibers. The ceramic preform was selectively placed in the ring portion of the piston. Later on, this technology was refined by...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
.... Typical products produced by horizontal centrifugal casting machines include pipe and tubes of all different metals; alloyed iron, steel, and high-speed steel rolls for steel mills and the food-processing, papermaking, and printing industries; iron and steel cylinder liners, gray iron piston rings, gray...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... of cast metal-matrix composites Composite Applications Special features Aluminum/graphite Bearings Cheaper, lighter, self-lubricating, conserve Cu, Pb, Sn, Zn, etc. Aluminum/graphite, aluminum/α-Al 2 O 3 , aluminum/SiC-Al 2 O 3 Automobile pistons, cylinder liners, piston rings...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... ) and a catalytic anion in proper proportion. The metal so produced is extremely hard and corrosion resistant. The process is used for rebuilding mismachined or worn parts, for automotive valve stems, piston rings, shock rods, MacPherson struts, the bores of diesel and aircraft cylinders, and for...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... powerful machine in general use for the production of impression-die forgings by impact pressure. A heavy anvil block supports two frame members that accurately guide a vertically moving ram; the frame also supports a cylinder that, through a piston and piston rod, motivates the ram. In its lower face, the...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... example, brake drums, piston rings, cylinder liners, and gears). Cast irons perform well in such applications and thus should be given consideration as bearing materials. Extremely hard materials, including cemented tungsten carbides, titanium carbides, and other combinations have been used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000620
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... automotive connecting rod that fractured by overload during testing. (Shown also is the piston used in test.) The cast rod had the following composition: 9.0% Si, 1.2% Fe, 3.7% Cu, 0.3% Mg, 0.5% Ni, 1.0% Zn, 0.2% Ti, remainder Al. Note that the shaft of the connecting rod suffered a compound fracture; the...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... corrosion resistance at temperatures up to about 1375 °C (2500 °F). Typical automotive engine components include turbocharger rotors, valves, turbine rotors, nozzles, vanes, and piston rings. Figure 2 shows advantages for ceramic valves. Fig. 2 Advantages of ceramic engine valves Power...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0009023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
..., capable of passing leakage and radiographic inspections. Another example of a permanent mold casting that benefited from added feed paths is the aluminum piston shown in Fig. 11 . As originally designed, Fig. 11(a) , the walls of the piston were of uniform thickness, which encouraged centerline...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... reinforcement or finned for heat conduction or dissipation; frames and boxlike parts; cylindrical or spherical tanks for containment of gases or fluids; brackets; pistons; wheels; disks; impellers; bulkheads; and clamps. The list of forms produced is nearly endless, and many such parts have a multitude of cored...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005332
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... compared to steel, making these alloys very useful for bearings, piston rings, and gears. High-leaded tin bronzes containing more than 7% Sn and 7% Pb are used for bearings and bushings as well as pump and impeller components with high corrosion resistance and strength. Aluminum bronzes have complex...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... necessary considerations to control occurrence. When particles of dirt in an engine reach a certain size, wear subsides and the dirt particles often allay rather than increase friction. Test data in Fig. 3 for piston ring wear indicate that abrasion is most severe at a particle size of about 20 μm...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... applied to the top of the piston and to the diaphragm. By the time the piston has completed its travel, the diaphragm has been compressed by the retraction of the internal shaft. Retraction of the internal shaft simultaneously compresses the diaphragm and closes the welding-current switch; the control...