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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006038
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Abstract This article describes the coating materials, surface-preparation requirements, and application techniques used to protect underground pipelines. It provides a valuable insight into the types of polymer-based coatings that are both cost-effective and widely accepted in the pipeline...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... FBE application, FBE custom coatings, internal FBE pipe linings, and FBE rebar coatings. epoxy resins fusion bonding Girth welds coating pigments pipe linings pipeline coatings powder coating FUNCTIONAL FUSION-BONDED EPOXY (FBE) COATINGS are used as external pipe coatings, the base...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004110
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... operator's overall integrity management program. Overall integrity should be established by considering all credible threats that can impact the pipeline or segment being evaluated. Direct bell hole examination (direct visual examination of the pipe or coating) is used to prioritize corrosion defects for...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... surface through pores (commonly termed holidays in the pipeline industry) in the coating. Hydrogen-stress cracks are caused by the combined factors of a very high-strength high-hardness steel, an applied hoop tensile stress from the pressure in the pipe, and atomic hydrogen in the steel from the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... that can be manufactured in a processing plant, such as façade system, pipeline, and rebar manufacturers, also have adopted powder as an effective way to protect their industrial products. Powder coating formulations consist of a binder system, pigments, extenders, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
...-flow pipelines) used to be constructed from brick masonry or a combination of brick masonry and cast-in-place concrete. Many of these gravity interceptor and trunk sewers remain in service today (2015). Liquid-applied coatings are rarely used to rehabilitate these sewers, due to dewatering, climate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003692
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... pipeline coatings, and as coating materials in the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) markets. Fine powders produced from high-molecular-weight resins of the thermoplastic vinyl and fluorinated hydrocarbon families, or from thermoset resins of the epoxy and polyester families, are applied to the surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... 27. Primeaux D.J. II and Gomez T. , Pipeline Rehabilitation: Advances in Polyurea Spray Application , J. Prot. Coatings Linings , July 2013 , p 28 – 37 28. Allouche E.N. and Steward E.J. , Organic “High-Build” Spray-in-Place Liners—An Emerging Class of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006040
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... information relating to the selection and application of protective coatings for steel water piping: ANSI/AWWA Standard C210, “Liquid Epoxy Coating Systems for the Interior and Exterior of Steel Water Pipelines” ANSI/AWWA Standard C222, “Polyurethane Coatings for the Interior and Exterior of Steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Test Method for Impact Resistance of Pipeline Coatings (Falling Weight Test),” ASTM G14-04(2010)e1, ASTM , 2010 16. “Near-White Blast Cleaning,” SSPC-SP 10/NACE No. 2 , SSPC , 2007 17. “White Metal Blast Cleaning,” SSPC-SP 5/NACE No. 1 , SSPC , 2007 This article focuses on...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... mill at Whyalla. The pipeline supplied the steel mill with water. The pipe was acid-pickled to remove mill scale, scrubbed with fiber brushes to remove the black pickling deposit, and rinsed with dilute phosphoric acid. The coating was made by mixing approximately 5 kg (10 lb) of sodium silicate in a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004108
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... principal means of corrosion control for the hulls and topsides of ships and for the splash zones on permanent offshore structures. Most stationary offshore oil industry platforms are not painted below the waterline, and most marine pipelines are factory coated with special proprietary coatings (see the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006070
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
..., “Standard Test Methods for Cathodic Disbonding of Pipeline Coatings,” and BS 3900 part F10, “Determination of Resistance to Cathodic Disbonding of Coatings for Use in Marine Environments.” The test duration was not described. Volvo cyclic test standard 1027: 15 min salt spray on test panels and timed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
...-applied asphalts are as road and pavement sealers, roofing materials, and internal pipeline and tank coatings and below-grade waterproofing materials. Also, fiberglass felts impregnated with asphalt can be used as a wrapping or reinforcement to maintain thickness and to prevent running and sagging of a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001462
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... sprayed with aluminum for sulfuric acid corrosion protection and with aluminum composite for both corrosion and abrasion protection. The exteriors have been sprayed with zinc for atmospheric-corrosion protection. Thermal spray coatings have been used to protect pipelines against many environments. Pile...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006006
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Abstract This article provides a detailed discussion on the functions, applications, types, and selection criteria of exterior and interior rail coatings. It includes a discussion on the corrosivity, inspection/maintenance, and qualification of applicators/inspectors/facilities. cleaning...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003695
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... discussed in the article “Organic Coatings and Linings” in this Volume. Rubber, in the form of prefabricated sheets, has been used successfully as a lining material in storage tanks ( Fig. 1 ), water boxes, condensers, flue gas desulfurization (FGD) units, chemical scrubbers, pipelines, mixers, valves...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005712
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... service life of mining components. These materials are used in industrial applications exposed to high wear, such as cutting edges, crusher teeth, screens, pipelines, and pumps. Examples of surface coatings, overlays, and applications are listed in Table 1 . The selection of the process to apply the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003690
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... deposited on top of a nickel-chromium layer. Uses of metallic coatings for corrosion protection include bridges, buildings, marine vessels and structures, pipelines, chemical-processing equipment, power plants, exhaust flues, water-storage tanks, and boilers. Specific examples for use of HVOF nickel...
Book Chapter

By Barry Law
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... the coinage of the term greenhouse gases . Also in 1985, the second of CARB's SCMs for architectural coatings was adopted. The 1980s saw a shift from end-of-pipeline pollution control to upstream pollution prevention , leading to the establishment of the Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics...