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pipe-type power transmission cables

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004118
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... return path to the substation. The diode in the circuit prevents reverse currents. Abstract Abstract This article provides a detailed discussion on the various devices by which cathodic protection (CP) can be applied to pipe-type power transmission cables. These devices include the resistor...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... electrochemical and nonelectrochemical techniques for corrosion measurement. Corrosion rate probes allow continuous measurement of external corrosion rates as a function of time, as well as a way to monitor changes in soil corrosivity with time. Pipe-type power transmission cables provide power in cities...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... an electrical power transmission line. Capacitive effects have to be considered on aboveground pipelines, especially those with no contact to the ground such as when pipelines are under construction and on skids. The problem becomes more severe as welding increases the length of the aboveground section of pipe...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001078
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
...; cable sheathing; cast products such as type metals, terneplates, and foils; and building construction materials. Lead is also used as an alloying element in steel and in copper alloys to improve machinability and other characteristics. In many applications, lead is combined with stronger materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005759
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... as possible. Also, if such process power cables are run parallel and close to metal conductors such as pipes, structural supports, other cables, and so on, transmission and reradiation can occur. These recommendations will minimize radiation and control potentially hazardous effects. Equipment marketed...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003096
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., superheater tubes, arch tubes, stay tubes, safe ends Others Feedwater heater tubes, oil still tubes Major types and uses of pipe Table 1 Major types and uses of pipe Type of pipe Uses Standard Industrial or residential water steam, oil, or gas transmission; distribution or service...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... and centrifugal forces might otherwise result in creep failure. Aluminum windings have been extensively used in dry-type power transformers and have been adapted to secondary coil windings in magnetic-suspension type constant-current transformers. Their use decreases weight and permits the coil to float...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006471
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... inspection of pipe or tube. (b) Angle-beam pulse-echo inspection of sheet or plate. (c) Through-transmission inspection. (d) Straight-beam pulse-echo inspection. (e) Through-transmission inspection using squirter-type search units. (f) Angle-beam pulse-echo inspection of pipe or tubing using a bubbler-type...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... steel (types 18–8, 302, and 304) will corrode if used in wet exhaust systems. Type 316L is sometimes used, but its performance is marginal. Some of the more exotic nickel-base alloys, such as Hastelloy C, Inconel 625, and Incoloy 825, are excellent, but cost limits their use. Piping After...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003236
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...-tip, contact-type search unit), are shown in Fig. 2 . Primary applications of ultrasonic search units Table 2 Primary applications of ultrasonic search units Straight-beam, contact-type units Manufacturing-induced flaws: Billets—inclusions, stringers, pipe Forgings—inclusions...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003236
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... with a special type (delay-tip, contact-type search unit), are shown in Fig. 2 . Table 2 Primary applications of ultrasonic search units Straight-beam, contact-type units Manufacturing-induced flaws: Billets—inclusions, stringers, pipe Forgings—inclusions, cracks, segregations, seams...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001487
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... voltage and arc length are directly related. For a given arc length, there is a corresponding arc voltage, mostly dependent upon the type of electrode, welding process, and power supply. In general, increasing arc voltage (arc length) increases the fume generation rate for all open arc welding processes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006469
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
.... Courtesy of Iowa State University Center for Nondestructive Evaluation Fig. 18 Ultrasonic shear wave in a plate Fig. 19 Problem of applying same wide beam to (a) large- and (b) small-diameter pipes. Adapted from Ref 2 Fig. 20 Three positions of the contact type of transducer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005719
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... of the n would be used as the feedback for comparison with a setpoint for power applied to the gun. If a deviation from the setpoint occurs, then the current is usually adjusted to compensate. This type of control has been commercially available since the mid-1980s. The first adaptive control...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005635
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... respirators or any of the new series of respirators approved by National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) can be used for protection against metal fumes as long as the proper respirator type (e.g., half-mask, full-face, or powered air respiratory protection) is selected based...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005905
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... of up to 18 MW, the crucible furnace offers itself as an alternative to the electric arc furnace in small steel works with an annual production between 100,000 and 600,000 tons. Induction Furnaces versus Electric Arc Furnaces Requirements of the Melting Operations Producing Different Types...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004130
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... Alloying additions of nickel and iron into the highly defective p-type Cu 2 O corrosion product film alters the structure ( Ref 29 ) and results in a film that possesses low electronic and ionic conductivity. In an attempt to prevent sulfide-induced corrosion of copper-nickel piping, FeSO 4 treatments...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001020
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
...Major types and uses of pipe Table 1 Major types and uses of pipe Type of pipe Uses Standard Industrial or residential water steam, oil, or gas transmission; distribution or service lines; structural uses Special Conduit, piling, pipe for nipples, and so on Line Oil- or gas...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005600
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... effect No effect No effect Minor effect Minor effect Decrease Increase Wavelengths of various high-power laser technologies used for hybrid laser arc welding Table 2 Wavelengths of various high-power laser technologies used for hybrid laser arc welding Laser type Wavelength, μm...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... … C78200 (leaded nickel silver, 65-8-2) 65.0 Cu, 2.0 Pb, 25.0 Zn, 8.0 Ni F 365–627 53–91 159–524 23–76 40–3 60 (a) F, flat products; R, rod; W, wire; T, tube; P, pipe; S, shapes. (b) Ranges are from softest to hardest commercial forms. The strength of the standard copper alloys depends...