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pigmented drawing compounds removal

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... products for deep-drawing applications must be removed (by annealing, for example), and the as-delivered coils should be free of any aging. This would imply that aluminum-killed drawing-quality steel, for example, would be preferred over rimmed steel. After the deep-drawing operation, ductility can be...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract This article describes the basic attributes of the most widely used metal surface cleaning processes to remove pigmented drawing compounds, unpigmented oil and grease, chips, cutting fluids, polishing and buffing compounds, rust and scale from steel parts, and residues and lapping...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Metal surfaces must often be cleaned before subsequent operations to remove unwanted substances such as pigmented drawing compounds, unpigmented oil and grease, chips and cutting fluids, polishing and buffing compounds, rust and scale, and miscellaneous contaminants. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... red.” Hexavalent chromium is often present in the coatings system as a chromate, such as lead chromate or zinc chromate. Cadmium, another toxic metal, was formerly used as a tinting compound in yellow, orange, red, and maroon paints. Silica is commonly used as an extender of pigments in industrial...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003178
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... pickling. This removes the surface scale that could lead to surface defects and therefore increases die life. In wet drawing, the lubricant is chosen both for its tribological attributes and for its cooling power, and it can be either oil-base or aqueous. It can be applied to the die inlet, the wire...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006016
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... installation of the protective coating/lining system. Prior to beginning surface-preparation operations, many specifications will require a presurface-preparation inspection to verify the correction of fabrication defects and removal of surface contamination such as grease, oil, cutting compounds, lubricants...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005134
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... pigmented compound if successful results can be obtained with an unpigmented compound, because pigmented compounds are more difficult to remove. Wiper dies are lubricated with a very small quantity of high-grade drawing lubricant. It is important not to overlubricate pressure dies and wiper shoes. In...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... (a) Vegetable or animal types: mineral oil is used for blending. (b) May be diluted with water. (c) Water emulsions of soluble oils; contain a high concentration of extreme-pressure sulfur or chlorine compounds. (d) Chalk (whiting) is commonest pigment: others sometimes used. (e...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Pigmented pastes, graphite suspensions Magnesium alloys Solvent plus fatty compounds, mineral oils plus fatty compounds Graphite plus molybdenum disulfide, soap plus water, tallow plus graphite Nickel, nickel-base alloys Emulsions, mineral oils plus EP additives, water plus chlorine additives...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... greases should be selected with care, because the pigment may be white lead (lead carbonate), zinc oxide, or similar metallic compounds with low melting points. These elements can embrittle nickel alloys if the compounds are left on the metal during heat treatment. Inert fillers such as talc can be used...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... bending and drawing, and spinning (30 to 50% reduction in diameter) 6. Diluted soap-plus-fat pastes (2 to 20% final fat content; may contain mineral oil or free fatty acids) 7. Pigmented soap-plus-fat pastes (chalk, talc, mica) 6. Fatty oils containing 2 to 5% free fatty acid Maximum-severity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003694
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... surface preparation techniques Technique Applicable standards Uses Solvent cleaning SSPC-SP1 Used to remove oil, grease, dirt, soil, drawing compounds, and various other contaminants. Does not remove rust or mill scale. No visual standards are available. Hand tool cleaning SSPC-SP2 Used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001229
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... 3 Inhibiting action of ferrous sulfate on low-carbon drawing-quality sheet pickled for 2 min in sulfuric acid solutions of concentrations indicated. (a) Pickling time for complete scale removal. (b) Weight loss In a separate bench-scale study ( Ref 24 ), it was found that the influence of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Table 5 Forging lubricants recommendation for various materials Material Pigment Carrier % of pigment Aluminum Graphite Oil solvent, water 5–15% Aluminum, brass Graphite Solvent, light oil, water 2–8% Aluminum, brass, carbon steels Graphite or other pigment Water, solvent...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003217
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... required, depending on the surface condition of the parts to be phosphated or on the function of the phosphate coating. Parts exemplifying these exceptions are: Heavily scaled parts, which may require pickling before cleaning Parts with extremely heavy coatings of oil or drawing compounds, which...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006521
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... chromate-free compounds produced by the reaction of suitable reagents with the metallic surface. The proprietary solutions are acidic and contain chromates, phosphates, and other chemicals. The reaction that occurs in chemical conversion coating involves the removal of 0.3 to 2.5 μm (0.01 to 0.1 mil) of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003415
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... composite materials, namely, glass-fiber-mat-reinforced thermoplastics, long-fiber-reinforced thermoplastics, and sheet molding compounds. It presents information on the application examples and market volume of compression molding. compression molding automotive composite applications composite...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003008
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article discusses the family characteristics, commercial forms, applications, resin grades, and mechanical and physical properties of traditional engineering thermoplastics in their neat (unmodified) form and as compounds and composites, namely, acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrenes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... Strength of the acid solutions varies from as weak as 5.5 pH for acid-salt mixtures to the equivalent of the strong acids used for pickling. The phosphoric acid and ethylene glycol monobutyl ether mixtures ( Table 1 ) are used for removing grease, oil, drawing compounds, and light rust from iron and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... pigmented drawing compounds Unpigmented oil and grease All three types of cutting and grinding fluids Rust, light scale, and carbon smut Efficient and economical against unpigmented oil and grease. Capable of cleaning to a no-water-break surface Usually least expensive process to remove...