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piezoelectric ceramics

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006578
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... properties. (a) Schematic illustration of the VPP-based ceramic printing process. (b) Gear-shaped ZTA ceramic printed through the VPP-based printing process. (c) Microstructure of polished ZTA ceramic after sintering at 1600 °C (2910 °F). Source: Ref 64 Fig. 13 Piezoelectric ceramic fabricated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... of aluminum oxide, zirconium dioxide, aluminum nitride, silicon carbide, and piezoelectric ceramics. References References 1. Petzow G. , Metallographic Etching , 2nd ed. , ASM International , 1999 2. Elssner G. , Hoven H. , Kiessler G. , and Wellner P...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... and electronics industry, namely, dielectric, piezoelectric, ferroelectric, sensing, magnetic and superconducting devices. advanced ceramics applications dielectric devices electric power industry electronics industry ferroelectric devices magnetic devices piezoelectric devices sensing devices...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006658
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... scanner for moving the probe and/or sample relative to each other. These scanners have a range of typically less than 100 μm in the xy -axis and less than 20 μm in the z -axis. The scanner mechanism typically is created from piezoelectric ceramics. There are several types of scanners, including tube...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006550
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
...://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Abstract Abstract This article discusses the advantages, limitations, and applications of material jetting of ceramics, focusing on two primary methods of droplet formation: continuous stream and drop on demand (thermal and piezoelectric) ink jetting processes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006471
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... various deformation modes; thickness expansion is the principal mode used in transducers for ultrasonic inspection. The most common types of piezoelectric materials used for ultrasonic search units are quartz, lithium sulfate, lithium niobate, and polarized ceramics such as barium titanate, lead...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Fig. 19 Process for making the embedded piezoelectric ceramic-polymer composite sensors Fig. 20 Thin-film bimetallic sensing element Fig. 7 Corrosion pits exceeding allowable limits in the root section of a compressor blade Fig. 8 Examples of engine component surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005935
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... with a receiving sensitivity of −211 dB re 1V/μPa in a wide range of working temperatures between 40 and 80 °C (100 and 180 °F). The hydrophone is a piezoelectric transducer; that is, it uses piezoelectric ceramics as sensing elements. The piezoelectric sensing element and its internal supporting structure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001226
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... The ceramic (usually lead zirconate) crystal is sandwiched between two strips of tin. When voltage is applied across the strips it creates a displacement in the crystal, known as the piezoelectric effect. When these transducers are mounted to a diaphragm (wall or bottom of the tank), the displacement...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006562
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
.... , Safari A. , and Danforth S.C. , Fabrication of Piezoelectric Ceramic Polymer Composite Transducers Using Fused Deposition of Ceramics , J. Am. Ceram. Soc. , Vol 83 , No. 1 , 2000 , p 124 – 128 10.1111/j.1151-2916.2000.tb01159.x 35. Denham H.B. , Cesarano J. , King B.H...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Refractories Traditional Glasses Advanced Glasses Dielectrics/Piezoelectrics Electrostrictive Ceramics Pyroelectrics High-Temperature Superconductors Semiconducting Ceramics Optical Devices Ionic Conductors Varistors Electronic Packaging Chalcogenides Halogen-Containing...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...Abstract Abstract This article provides crystallographic and engineering data for single oxide ceramics, zirconia, silicates, mullite, spinels, perovskites, borides, carbides, silicon carbide, boron carbide, tungsten carbide, silicon-nitride ceramics, diamond, and graphite. It includes data...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006633
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... as the sample moves away from the tip. PZT, piezoelectric tube Fig. 12 Typical atomic force microscopy images of (a) freshly cleaved, highly oriented pyrolytic graphite and (b) mica surfaces taken using a square pyramidal Si 3 N 4 tip Fig. 15 Scanning electron micrographs of (a) square...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006454
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... Thermal and Mechanical Loads (Mechanical Compatibility Problems and Potential Solutions) , Ceramic Coatings for Heat Engines , Kuernes I. , Bunk W.J.G. , and Wurm J.G. , Ed., Advanced Materials Research and Development for Transport, MRS-Europe, Symposium IX ( Nov 1985 ), Les Editions...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... (0.0001 to 0.005 in./s). Some approximate penetration rates with materials that can be machined by ultrasonic impact grinding are as follows: Material Penetration rate mm/min in./min Glass 3.8 0.150 Ferrite 3.2 0.125 Carbon-graphite 2.0 0.080 Ceramic 1.5 0.060 Quartz...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003236
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... materials used for ultrasonic search units are quartz; lithium sulfate; and polarized ceramics such as barium titanate, lead zirconate titanate, and lead metaniobate. Table 1 summarizes characteristics and applications of these materials. Characteristics and applications of piezoelectric transducer...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003236
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... is the principal mode used in transducers for ultrasonic inspection. The most common types of piezoelectric materials used for ultrasonic search units are quartz; lithium sulfate; and polarized ceramics such as barium titanate, lead zirconate titanate, and lead metaniobate. Table 1 summarizes characteristics...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... to perform as expected. The nonelectromagnetic parameters fall into two distinctly different categories: those involved in fabrication (melting solder, making thermocompression bond, sputtering or evaporating film, diffusing impurities into semiconductors, sintering ceramics), and those involved...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...: Ref 35 Fig. 19 Erosion rate of ceramics with different grain size (frequency = 20 kHz; distance between specimen and vibration horn = 1 mm; vibration amplitude = 50 μm; temperature = 25 °C; liquid: ion-exchanged water). Source: Ref 37 Fig. 21 Erosion rate of laser-modified 316...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
.... , Proc. R. Soc. (London) A , Vol 125 , 1929 , p 83 10.1098/rspa.1929.0154 4. Mason W.P. , Piezoelectric Crystals and Their Application in Ultrasonics , Van Nostrand , New York , 1950 , p 161 5. Girard F. and Vidal G. , Rev. Metall. , Vol 56 , 1959 , p 25...