1-20 of 338 Search Results for

pickling

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001229
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...Abstract Abstract Pickling is the most common of several processes used to remove scale from steel surfaces. This article provides a discussion on pickling solutions, such as sulfuric and hydrochloric acid, and describes the role of inhibitors in acid pickling. It discusses the equipment...
Image
Published: 01 January 1994
Fig. 1 Pickling of stainless steel increases the critical pitting temperature in FeCl 3 in the base metal, heat-affected zone, and weld areas. Mechanical cleaning treatments that are performed without a subsequent pickling treatment decrease the critical pitting temperature. Source: Ref 5 More
Image
Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 16 Flow chart of operations for molten-salt descaling, neutralizing pickling, and final pickling of titanium alloys Solution No. Type of solution Composition of solution Operating temprature Cycle time, min °C °F 1 Descale 60–90% NaOH, rem NaNO 3 and Na 2 CO 3 425 More
Image
Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 9 The pickle jar lid fell apart when the homeowner discovered the jar at the back of her pantry. Long-term storage of the opened jar without refrigeration contributed to the general corrosion caused by acidic vapors in the stagnant (closed-space) environment. Control: The product should More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001314
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the procedures used for pickling nickel and nickel alloys. Nickel alloys can be divided into four groups: high-nickel alloys, nickel-copper alloys, nickel-chromium alloys, and nickel-iron-chromium alloys. Alloys within each composition group that has...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001269
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...Abstract Abstract This article focuses on the various techniques for removing contaminants in the surface preparation of steel for hot-dip coatings: wet cleaning methods, including alkaline cleaning, electrolytic cleaning, chemical pickling, and electrolytic pickling; flame cleaning and furnace...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... methods, namely, mechanical, chemical, and electrochemical and their effectiveness and applicability. The mechanical cleaning methods include grinding, brushing, steam or flame jet cleaning, abrasive blasting, and tumbling. Solvent cleaning, emulsion cleaning, alkaline cleaning, acid cleaning, pickling...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003220
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...Abstract Abstract Although stainless steel is naturally passivated by exposure to air and other oxidizers, additional surface treatments are needed to prevent corrosion. Passivation, pickling, electropolishing, and mechanical cleaning are important surface treatments for the successful...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004218
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
..., along with the corrosion behavior of important engineering alloys. It describes the corrosion of plating, anodizing, and parts of pickling equipment such as tanks, wirings and bus bars, racks, anode splines, pumps, and heaters. carburization anodizing decarburization high-temperature corrosion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... The article describes common cleaning processes, including alkaline, electrolytic, solvent, emulsion, molten salt bath, ultrasonic and acid cleaning as well as pickling and abrasive blasting. It also explains how to select the appropriate process for a given soil type and surface composition. abrasive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001307
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... to remove tarnish. The applicability of these methods is determined by part shape, required surface finish, and allowable loss of gage or dimension. However, abrasive cleaning can remove some metal and degrade surface finishes. Therefore, flash pickling is used more often than abrasive cleaning...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001312
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., blast cleaning, chemical descaling, pickling or etching, anodizing, autoclaving, polishing, buffing, vapor phase nitriding, and electroplating. Applications of these surface treatment processes are also reviewed. anodizing autoclaving blast cleaning buffing chemical descaling cleaning...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001313
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...Abstract Abstract This article addresses surface cleaning, finishing, and coating operations that have proven to be effective for molybdenum, tungsten, tantalum, and niobium. It describes standard procedures for abrasive blasting, molten caustic processing, acid cleaning, pickling, and solvent...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... pickling and bright dipping, abrasive blast cleaning, chemical and electrochemical cleaning, mass finishing, polishing and buffing, electroless plating, immersion plating, electroplating, passivation, coloring, and organic coatings. abrasive blast cleaning bright dipping buffing chemical cleaning...
Image
Published: 01 January 1989
Fig. 10 Hydrogen absorption of Ti-8Mn as a function of the nitric acid content of the pickling solution. The pickling solution contained 2% hydrofluoric acid and was held at 70 °C (158 °F). An etch of 0.05 mm (0.002 in.) was made on 0.8 mm (0.030 in.) sheet. More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001310
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... are afforded increasing protection in the following order: bare, pickled, chromate conversion coated, anodized, electroplated, and coated with organic finishes. Anodic coatings are porous and provide no corrosion protection unless sealed with a paint. Table 1 relates applications of various degrees...
Image
Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 9 Surface effect on the rest potential of Zr702 in 10% HCl plus 500 ppm ferric ion at 30 °C (85 °F). Rest potential is given in volts versus the saturated calomel electrode (SCE). (1) pickled; (2) pickled and scratched with broken glass; (3) polished with 1 μm alumina (Al 2 O 3 ); (4 More
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... It describes various techniques to improve functional surface properties and enhance the appearance of product forms. The article discusses various cleaning and finishing techniques such as abrasive blast cleaning, polishing and buffing, barrel burnishing, chemical cleaning, pickling, etching and bright...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...Abstract Abstract Passivation; pickling, that is, acid descaling; electropolishing; and mechanical cleaning are important surface treatments for the successful performance of stainless steel used for piping, pressure vessels, tanks, and machined parts in a wide variety of applications...
Image
Published: 01 January 1994
Fig. 4 Electroplating copper on stainless steels Solution no. Type of solution Composition of solution Operating temperature Cycle time, min °C °F 1 Anodic alkaline cleaner (a) Alkali, as low as possible (b) (b) (b) 2 Acid pickle H 2 SO 4 , 8–11% 65–70 150 More