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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006641
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
...), covering different instruments used for performing ICP-MS analysis. The instruments covered include the sample-introduction system, ICP ion source, mass analyzer, and ion detector. Emphasis is placed on ICP-MS applications in the semiconductor, photovoltaic, materials science, and other electronics...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006670
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... and Mitigation of Defects in Organic Photovoltaic Devices: A Review and Outlook , Energy Environ. Sci. , Vol 6 ( No. 12 ), 2013 , p 3414 – 3438 , 10.1039/c3ee41860j 41. Martin-Palma R.J. and Martinez-Duart J.M. , Nanotechnology for Microelectronics and Photonics , 2nd ed., 2017 , p...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005607
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... welder on a robot arm programmed to make successive spot welds on coupons for a tip life study Fig. 6 A 50 kHz ultrasonic rotating disk welder used to join foil to foil or foil to metallized glass in photovoltaic systems Abstract Abstract Ultrasonic metal welding is a solid-state...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001448
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... replaced a complicated process that required riveting and forming of the “bridge” for the brush Copper wires welded to copper-plated steel for an automobile seat switch Copper wires welded to stainless steel as part of a photovoltaic assembly Copper wires and strips welded to silver-plated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006648
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
...-matrix BCR ® standards 55, 56 Quality control of pure titanium 57–59 Determination of impurity elements in precious metals such as platinum, palladium, silver, and gold 55, 60–63 Analysis of bulk high-purity silicon for photovoltaic applications 64, 65 Analysis of semiconductors related...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005736
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
..., planar microwave devices, waveguide devices, sensing devices, solid oxide fuel cells, heating elements, electrodes for capacitors and other electrochemical devices. capacitors dielectric breakdown heating elements photovoltaics resistors sensors solid oxide fuel cells thermal spray coating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006547
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... for Solar Cell Metallization Mette, A.; Richter, P.L.; Hörteis, M.; Glunz, S.W. 2007 Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications , Vol 15 (No. 7), p 621–627 20 167 Aerosol Jet Printed, Low Voltage, Electrolyte Gated Carbon Nanotube Ring Oscillators with Sub-5 μs Stage Delays Ha, M.; Seo...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005618
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... of photovoltaic silicon film less than 200 μm thick requires lasers to drill holes with diameters as small as 30 μm at a rate of 20,000 holes per second. A galvano-scanner mirror enables the synchronization of high-speed, high-acceleration positioning of the laser beam with high-rate beam pulsing. The hole shown...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
.... and Duffar T. , Modelling of the Transition from a Planar Faceted Front to Equiaxed Growth: Application to Photovoltaic Polycrystalline Silicon , J. Cryst. Growth , Vol 311 , 2008 , p 20 – 25 10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2008.10.011 47. Camel D. and Favier J.J. , Scaling Analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001384
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... in.). High-frequency systems (typically, 50 kHz) permit excellent welds in even the thinnest of foils, such as 0.0043 mm (0.00017 in.), without tearing or puckering. This technique is also used to join 0.038 mm (0.0015 in.) aluminum interconnects to foil in photovoltaic panels. A circular tip used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005708
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... concept with thermally sprayed ceramic TBCs (e.g., 300 μm, or 12 mils, of such as YSZ) ( Ref 19 ) offers considerable advantages for the use of alcohol fuels from renewable sources in diesel engines. Besides concentrating solar power and solar water heating, it is solar photovoltaics (PVs...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005877
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... of matrices. A good example is laminated magnetic core consisting of insulated sheets. The electric field intensity ( E ext ) is caused, for instance, by electrochemical, photovoltaic, or other types of forces. The continuity equation for the conduction current is obtained by applying divergence...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
.... , Visible-Wavelength Laser Diodes , Laser & Optronics , Vol 7 ( No. 8 ), Aug 1988 , p 55 – 58 2. Zwiebel K. , Photovoltaic Cells , Chem. Eng. News , Vol 64 ( No 27 ), 7 July 1986 , p 34 – 48 10.1021/cen-v064n027.p034 3. Cole B.C. , Special Report: This Time...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006651
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Analysis of Halide Perovskite Photovoltaic Devices , ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. , Vol 10 , 2018 , p 28541 , 10.1021/acsami.8b07937 15. Parks C. , Comparative Ion Yields by Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry from Microelectronic Films , J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A , Vol 19 , 2001 , p 1134...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003600
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
.... The dendrite growth emanates from a copper pad connected to an n -type well that serves as the cathode. Incident photons excite electron- hole pairs in p - n junctions, as in photovoltaic cells. Electric fields within the p - n junction sweep the electrons toward the n -type material and the holes toward...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., large photovoltaic panels, and other applications requiring semiconductor properties that can be processed into large, curved, or flexible forms. Metallic glasses are composed of predominantly metallic elements, such as Pd-Si, Ni-P, Nb-Ni, Zr-Fe, Ca-Mg, and Al-La ( Ref 5 ). These glasses generally...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... the development of rapid, routine assays. Examples of this type of sample include body fluids, soft drinks, and chemical reaction mixtures. Photovoltaic cells are currently being investigated because of their possible use in the conversion of sunlight to electricity. Over an extended period, ultra-violet (UV...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... of the silicon metal is used directly in applications such as semiconductor chips or photovoltaic cells, the majority is converted into organo-substituted chlorosilane monomers via reaction with alkyl or aryl halides, the most common being the direct formation of methylchlorosilanes: (Eq 2) Si + CH 3...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001092
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
...-diselenide/cadmium sulfide are under active investigation as materials for solar cells. Among photovoltaic materials, copper-indium-diselenide is one of the best at absorbing light. Table 7 lists various physical properties of selected fusible alloys. Fusible alloys are ageable, and thus...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006451
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... emission (SPATE), which was first developed in the late 1970s ( Ref 6 ). The SPATE system used a mercury-doped cadmium telluride photovoltaic photon emission detector coupled with a raster scanning mechanism whereby two independently positionable mirrors positioned the photon flux on the single photon...