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phosphorus iron

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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 41 Iron-phosphorus alloy (atomized iron mixed with Fe 3 P to yield 0.45% P) for soft magnetic applications (6.7 g/cm 3 ). Pressed at 410 to 480 MPa (30 to 35 tsi) and sintered 30 min at 1120 °C (2050 °F) in dissociated ammonia. Phosphorus forms a liquid phase that causes pore rounding More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... of PM materials that are used in the magnetic part applications, namely, pure iron, phosphorus irons, ferritic stainless steels, 50 nickel-50 iron, and silicon irons. The article describes the factors that affect and optimize magnetic properties. It contains a table that lists the magnetic properties...
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 6 Microstructure of gray cast iron showing graphite flakes and phosphorus-rich eutectic in a pearlite matrix. Nital etch More
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Published: 31 August 2017
Fig. 22 As-cast gray iron (Fe-3.24%C-2.32%Si-0.54%Mn-0.71%P-0.1%S). E, phosphorus ternary eutectic. Etched with 4% nital. Original magnification: 100× More
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Published: 30 September 2015
Fig. 6 Effect of phosphorus on saturation magnetization of hot repressed iron-phosphorus alloys. Phosphorus additions between 0.45 and 0.8% P have little effect. Source: Ref 15 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
....” “Cu-P (Copper - Phosphorus)” in the article “Cu (Copper) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Fe-P (Iron - Phosphorus)” in the article “Fe (Iron) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Ge-P (Germanium - Phosphorus)” in the article “Ge (Germanium) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “In-P (Indium...
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Published: 01 January 2003
Fig. 21 Percent intergranular fracture, reduction of area, and strain to failure of iron, iron + phosphorus, and iron + phosphorus + manganese alloys tested at various cathodic potentials More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006388
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... Abstract This article begins by describing the designations of cast and wrought aluminum alloys. It explains the effects of main alloying elements in aluminum alloys: boron, chromium, copper, iron, lithium, magnesium, manganese, nickel, phosphorus, silicon, sodium, strontium, titanium, and zinc...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005332
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
..., nickel, beryllium, chromium, and iron. The article discusses minor alloying additions, including antimony, bismuth, selenium, manganese, and phosphorus. Copper alloys can be cast by many processes, including sand casting, permanent mold casting, precision casting, high-pressure die casting, and low...
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Published: 01 January 1990
Fig. 14 Stress-rupture plot for pearlitic malleable iron (a) and alloyed pearlitic malleable iron (b). The solid lines are curves determined by the method of least squares from the existing data. The dashed lines define the 90% symmetrical tolerance interval. The lower dashed curve defines More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006342
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... quantity of hot water (10–15 mL); add magnesium chloride and dissolve; add ethanol, then hydrochloric acid. (b) Add H 2 SO 4 just before use. Eutectic cells in gray irons are generally revealed by etching with Stead’s reagent. The reagent selectively darkens low-phosphorus regions in the iron...
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 74 The diagram of correlation between a type of matrix in nonalloyed cast irons and silicon and phosphorus content as well as the thickness, R , of the casting wall, which relates to the cooling rate. K g = C (Si + log R ) is a coefficient of graphitization, and C E = C + 1 3 More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 36 Energy-dispersive spectroscopic analysis of scale deposits Elements Relative weight percent Oxygen 19.05 Sodium 11.54 Silicon 1.33 Phosphorus 1.97 Sulfur 13.79 Iron 52.32 More
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 23 As-cast gray iron (Fe-3.33%C-1.64%Si-0.31%Mn-1.37%P-0.107%S). Ternary phosphorus eutectic. Etched with 4% nital. 1300× (microscopic magnification 1000×) More
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Published: 31 August 2017
Fig. 30 Same as in Fig. 27 but after etching with hot Murakami’s reagent. IP, iron phosphide; C + F, cementite + ferrite inside the precipitate of phosphorus eutectic. Original magnification: 1300× (microscopic magnification: 1000×) More
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Published: 31 August 2017
Fig. 27 As-cast gray iron (Fe-3.33%C-1.64%Si-0.31%Mn-1.37%P-0.107%S). Ternary phosphorus eutectic. Etched with 4% nital. Original magnification: 1300× (microscopic magnification: 1000×) More
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Published: 31 August 2017
Fig. 29 Same as in Fig. 27 but after etching with Klemm’s I reagent. F, ferrite; C, cementite; and C + IP, cementite + iron phosphide inside the precipitate of phosphorus eutectic. Original magnification: 1300× (microscopic magnification: 1000×) More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 61 Energy-dispersive spectroscopic analysis of scale deposits seen on the outer surface Elements Relative weight percent Oxygen 37.09 Sodium 0.88 Aluminum 15.7 Silicon 1.98 Sulfur 12.6 Calcium 1.23 Phosphorus 8.53 Iron 21.99 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006110
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
..., such as copper and phosphorus, liquid-phase sintering will occur at conventional temperatures, whereas for silicon iron and tool steels, high-temperature sintering is required. The phenomena that occur in the early stages of sintering will continue during high-temperature sintering. Thus a greater number...
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 33 Atom map of the solute distribution in a neutron-irradiated pressure vessel steel in which each sphere represents the position of an individual atom. The iron atoms are omitted for clarity. Three nanometer-sized copper-enriched precipitates are visible on either side of a lath boundary More