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phosphate esters

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006077
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... epoxy, phosphorus-containing epoxy, fluorinated epoxies, epoxy esters, epoxy phosphate esters, and waterborne epoxy. The principal curatives are amines, amine adducts, cyanoethylated amines, ketimines, polyoxyalkylene amines, cycloaliphatic amines, aromatic amines, polyamides, amido amines, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... efficiency is discussed in the section “Application Equipment” in this article.) Primers supplied for military and commercial applications differ in that the latter must be resistant to the phosphate ester hydraulic fluid used in these aircraft. The densely cross-linked surface that is usually...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005687
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... row> Calcium based ceramics Hydroxyapatite/tricalcium phosphate HA/TCP, HA-TCP, HAp/TCP, Hap-TCP, Biphasic Calcium Phosphate (BCP) ceramics Ca3(PO 4 )2 (TCP), Ca10(PO 4 )6(OH)2(HA) Fixation devices; cranioplasty Calcium sulfate hemihydrate ASTM F2224 Plaster of paris CaSO4.1...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... temperature, and volatilization of the plasticizer ( Ref 1 ). Most plasticizers are medium- to high-molecular-weight liquid di- and triesters of organic acids. Phthalate esters are the most common class ( Ref 1 , 5 ), but aliphatic esters and phosphate esters are also used. Plasticizers are most frequently...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Acrylic Adhesion promoters Organosilane, titanate, zircoaluminates, zirconates, aryl/alkyl phosphate esters, chromium Polyester Corrosion inhibitors Zinc, chromium, lead Epoxy (thick, high solids) Reactive diluents Butyl glycidyl ether, C12-C14 aliphatic glycidyl ether, cresyl glycidyl ether...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001276
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... causing corrosion. Wetting-agent additives help spread a film and act as emulsifiers, aiding in film removal. They also serve a water-displacement function. Lubricants such as esters, soaps, and extreme-pressure additives (which are effective under high pressures and temperatures) are often used. There...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... shell molding, no-bake molding (phenolic urethane, furan, phenolic ester), and high-pressure green sand molding. These three methods account for nearly 95% of the molds made in the world ( Ref 1 ). Core-oil use is minimal at best. Aluminum-phosphate-bonded molding is virtually obsolete but is briefly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... tripolyphosphate … … … … 50 … Trisodium phosphate … … … 10 … … Fatty acid esters 1 … 3 0.6 … … Ethoxylated alkylphenol … … 2 0.2 … … Ethoxylated alcohol … 2 … 2 … 5 Sodium lauryl sulfonate 5 … … … 5 … Napthalene sulfonate 2 … … 0.2...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... metasilicate, hydrated … 60 … … … … Tetrasodium pyrophosphate … 20 9 20 20 65 Sodium tripolyphosphate … … … … 50 … Trisodium phosphate … … … 10 … … Fatty acid esters 1 … 3 0.6 … … Ethoxylated alkylphenol … … 2 0.2 … … Ethoxylated alcohol … 2 … 2 … 5...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... facilities The environmental impact of the cleaning process Cost considerations The total surface area to be cleaned Effects of previous processes Rust inhibition requirements Materials handling factors Surface requirements of subsequent operations, such as phosphate conversion coating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... Smooth, clean metal surfaces that cannot be phosphate coated lack sufficient “tooth” for good adhesion of some air-dried coatings. (“Tooth” is the coarse or abrasive quality of a substrate that facilitates the application and adhesion of a coating). No special primer coats are required on surfaces...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... include polyacrylates, silicones, surfactants, and fluorinated alkyl esters. Matting agents are used to reduce the gloss of cured powder coatings. Dry flow additives are used to improve the free flow of powders within the application and delivery systems. Waxes are used to provide slip, hardness...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... processing metal cladding nickel plating organic coatings painting phosphate coating porcelain enameling surface hardening surface modification thermal deburring thermal spraying vapor-deposited coatings zinc-rich coatings CARBON AND ALLOY STEELS, the most widely used metallic material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... effectiveness of the barrier film. Some aluminum and stainless steel pigments protect in this fashion. With passivation of the steel, the reactivity of the steel surface can be decreased when the paint film contains anticorrosive pigments such as phosphate salts, chromate salts, and lead oxide. Paints can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... limited and controlled conditions. Ultimately, a coating was developed that could be applied and cured by the application of a dibutylamine phosphate curing solution ( Ref 8 ). The coating was a postcured (by either heat or the acidic curing solution) sodium silicate. This coating is still sold today...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... carbides have proved to be the most economical die material. Such dies have maintained size in drawing 60% reductions of more than 500,000 pieces and have made as many as one million parts with reductions greater than 40% when the steel to be drawn is surface treated with zinc phosphate and soap. However...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003844
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... the coating if there are any polar solvents, polar groups, or polar materials retained in the film. Thus, the presence of ester groups:       O         ∥ − C − O − ether linkages: C − O − C − carboxyl groups:       O...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003172
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...) Furan hot box Phenolic hot box Warm box (furfuryl/catalyst) Oven bake (core oil) Cold box resin binder processes Phenolic urethane Furan/SO 2 Free radical cure (acrylic/epoxy) Phenolic ester No-bake resin binder processes Furan (acid catalyzed) Oil urethane...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006044
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
..., their various acrylate and methacrylate esters, and other co-monomers. Acrylics are one of the key polymer technologies used in the production of paints and coatings, as well as in products for many other industries such as adhesives, motor oil additives, caulks and sealants, personal care products...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... materials that have migrated from the coating during application and curing. Additionally, due to slight polarity of the water molecule, water can be drawn into the coating if there are any polar solvents, polar groups, or polar materials retained or comprising the dry film. Thus, the presence of ester...