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phosphate coatings

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001274
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract This article focuses on the types, composition, and applications of phosphate coatings and describes the characteristics of phosphate-coated ferrous and nonferrous materials, including steel and aluminum. It addresses five successive process fundamentals: cleaning, rinsing, phosphating...
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Published: 01 January 1994
Fig. 11 Photomicrographs of microstructures for principal phosphate coatings. (a) Heavy zinc phosphate. (b) Microcrystalline zinc phosphate. (c) Iron phosphate (primarily iron oxide). (d) Manganese phosphate. 125× More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... Abstract Phosphating is used in the metalworking industry to treat substrates like iron, steel, galvanized steel, aluminum, copper, and magnesium and its alloys. This article provides an overview of the types, uses, and theory of phosphate coatings and their formation. It also discusses...
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Published: 01 January 1994
Fig. 2 Plot of manganese phosphate coating weight vs. time of exposure of steel surface to phosphating solution More
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Published: 01 January 1994
Fig. 5 Drum used in batch phosphate coating of small components More
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Published: 01 January 1994
Fig. 2 Rack used for cleaning and phosphate coating small stampings More
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Published: 01 June 2012
Fig. 1 Scanning electron micrograph of a calcium phosphate coating on the surface of a poly (carbonate urethane) substrate, formed by immersion in a concentrated simulated body-fluid-like solution. Courtesy of D.H. Barnes More
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Published: 01 June 2012
Fig. 20 Friction coefficients of a calcium phosphate coating (deposited on a steel substrate) when sliding against an ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene pin at various sliding speeds and in both dry and lubricated conditions More
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Published: 01 June 2012
Fig. 21 Wear track of a calcium phosphate coating after 28 min of sliding at a speed of 40 mm/s (1.6 in./s) in dry conditions More
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Published: 31 December 2017
Fig. 2 Scanning electron microscope images of typical phosphate coating surfaces. (a) Needle structure. (b) Grainy structure. Courtesy of N. Bay. Source: Ref 6 More
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Published: 01 December 1998
Fig. 4 Plot of manganese phosphate coating weight vs. time of exposure of steel surface to phosphating solution More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005655
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
.... The article describes third-generation bioceramics, classified by Hench and Polak, such as silicate-substituted hydroxyapatite and bone morphogenic protein-carrying calcium phosphate coatings. It reviews several examination methods used to test the biocompatibility of ceramics, namely, biosafety testing...
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Published: 01 January 2006
Fig. 3 Rusting on a phosphated part after service in a desert environment. The phosphate coating had been blasted off by blowing sand leaving a bare metal surface. Phosphate coatings are specified on 75 to 90% of the parts for small arms. More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
..., and service life of the host material. The article covers metallic coatings, including zinc, aluminum, zinc-aluminum alloys, tin, and terne; pretreatment or phosphate coatings; and preprimed and painted finishes based on organic coatings. aluminum coatings aluminum-zinc alloy coatings hot dip process...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006392
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... and microstructure as factors in resistance to wear. It provides a discussion on the resistance of various materials to wear in specific applications. The wear resistance of austenitic manganese steels is also discussed. The article discusses the applications of phosphate coatings, wear-resistant coatings, and ion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Conversion coatings used on military equipment include chromate conversion coatings on aluminum, cadmium, and zinc-base products such as galvanize or zinc die castings. Electroless nickel, zinc and manganese phosphate, and black oxide are considered conversion coatings on steel. See the articles “Phosphate...
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Published: 01 January 1994
Fig. 8 Sequence of operations for light vs. heavy applications of manganese phosphate coatings. Coating weight is function of specific cleaner used and immersion time in phosphating solution. Solution No. Type Composition Operating temperature Cycle time, min °C °F 1 More
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Published: 31 December 2017
Fig. 14 Schematic of lubricant layers formed during soaping process with zinc-phosphate coated wire and soap-based lubricant bath More
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Published: 01 June 2012
Fig. 2 Scanning electron micrograph of primary human osteoblasts on the surface of a calcium-phosphate-coated poly (carbonate urethane) substrate. Courtesy of D.H. Barnes More
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Published: 01 January 1994
Fig. 14 Corrosion resistance of selected metal finishes relative to type of phosphate coating applied. (a) Black stain. (b) Corrosion-preventing oil. (c) Black stain and oil. Source: Ref 7 More