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phenolic thermosetting resins

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003845
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... thermosetting resins. The article concludes with a discussion on the curing system of the thermosetting resins with a wide variety of hardener types. furan fabrication fiberglass-reinforced plastic equipment polyester epoxy vinyl-ester phenolic thermosetting resins MANY FACTORS contribute to the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006046
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Abstract Phenols are a class of aromatic organic compounds in which one or more hydroxyl groups are attached directly to the aromatic benzene ring, C6H6. This article describes the development of phenolic resin and the formation of novolac resin and resol resin. Phenolic resol resins are used...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... general and family characteristics of thermosetting resin families, including allyls, aminos (urea formaldehyde and melamine formaldehyde), cyanates, epoxies, polybenzimidazoles, unsaturated polyesters, thermoset polyimides, phenolics, and vinyl esters. It also explains processing methods, including...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... composites such as thermoset polyester resins, thermoset phenolic resins, thermoset epoxy resins, thermoset polyimide resins, and thermoset bismaleimide resins. fiber-resin mechanical properties physical properties thermoplastic matrix composite thermoset matrix composites THE DESIGN AND...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006077
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Abstract This article provides a detailed discussion on the principal classes and curatives of epoxy resins used in the coatings industry. The principal classes are bisphenol A epoxy, bisphenol F epoxy, epoxy phenol novolac, cycloaliphatic epoxies, epoxy acrylate, brominated bisphenol-A-based...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003014
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... painting. For applications that do require paint, only one coat needs to be applied, regardless of the type of surface, without sanding or priming or using filler paints. Reasons for specifying injection-moldable thermoset resins vary with the particular application. In general, the use of injection...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... because thermosetting resins do not presently exist that allow utilization of the stresses that the fibers are able to withstand. Thus, when the composite is under load, resins may microcrack and craze, form larger cracks through coalescence of microcracks, debond from the fiber surface, and generally...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003002
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article is a comprehensive collection of engineering tables providing information on the mechanical properties of and the techniques for processing and characterizing polymeric materials, such as thermosets, thermoset-matrix unidirectional advanced composites, and unreinforced and...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005252
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... curing properties. Generally, the phenolic resins used for shell molding are of the thermosetting, two-stage type, often referred to as novolak resins. The two-stage designation indicates that the resin was formed with a molar excess of phenol in the presence of an acid catalyst and is similar to a...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... compare very favorably with the lengthy cure and postcure cycles typically needed for thermosets. Previous work has shown that thermoplastic composites can be joined by local consolidation of an interface, using a range of techniques. These include ultrasonic welding, induction bonding, dual resin bonding...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003034
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... formulation matrix type processing BULK MOLDING COMPOUNDS, or fiber-reinforced thermoset molding compounds, represent the original engineering plastic materials. Phenolic molding compounds reinforced with cellulose fibers were developed by L. Baekeland early in this century. Fiberglass reinforcement and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003026
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... moldings, filament windings, foam Phenolics Among the least expensive, most widely used thermoset materials; excellent thermal stability to over 150 °C (300 °F) generally, and over 205 °C (400 °F) in special formulations Castings, compression moldings, extrusions, injection moldings, transfer moldings...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... thermosets, such as allyls, epoxies, phenolics, amino resins, and unsaturated polyesters. Postprocess finishing of acetals is usually eliminated by the use of hot runner or submarine-gated tools. The most significant characteristic of acetal is its crystallinity, which is the highest crystallinity among...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... available for solvolytic recycling was approximately 8 × 10 9 kg (18 × 10 9 lb), or about 24% of all resin sales. As shown in Table 2 , sales of thermoplastic polyesters, including PET, represented 4.5% (1.4 × 10 9 kg, or 3.2 × 10 9 lb). Excluding the thermoset polyurethanes (PURs), the remaining...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... underground service. Widely used as pipeline exterior and interior coatings below grade. Pitch emulsions used as pavement sealers. Relatively inexpensive Cross-linked thermosetting resins Bisphenol-A amine-cured epoxies Excellent resistance to alkalis, most organic and inorganic acids, water, and...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... obsolete) Organic no-bake molding with binders based on acid-cured resins of furan or resoles (phenolic), alkaline phenolic (phenolic ester), acrylic epoxies, and phenolic urethane, which is probably the most significant in North America Thermally cured organic binders such as alkyd oil (also known...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...) Polysulfone 193 380 (a) (a) Polyimide (thermoplastic) 280–330 535–625 (a) (a) Thermoset resins Amino resins (melamine-formaldehyde) None (b) None (b) … … Bismaleimide 230–345 (c) 450–650 (c) … … Epoxy resins 60–175 140–350 … … Phenolic resins 300 570...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003172
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...) Furan hot box Phenolic hot box Warm box (furfuryl/catalyst) Oven bake (core oil) Cold box resin binder processes Phenolic urethane Furan/SO 2 Free radical cure (acrylic/epoxy) Phenolic ester No-bake resin binder processes Furan (acid catalyzed) Oil urethane...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... carboxyl polyesters with epoxy resins or as triglycidyl isocyanurate (TGIC) polyesters, or as hydroxyl polyesters with blocked isocyanates, predominantly isophorone diisocyanate polyesters in the formulation of thermoset polymers ( Ref 3 ). Both thermosetting and thermoplastic powders use polyesters...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... sources of injurious effects. The most common mounting method uses a device, called a mounting press, to provide the required pressure and heat to encapsulate the specimen with a thermosetting or thermoplastic mounting material. Common thermosetting resins include phenolic, diallyl phthalate, and...