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phase-field models

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005415
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Abstract This article discusses the fundamental aspects of phase-field microstructure modeling. It describes the evolution of microstructure modeling, including nucleation, growth, and coarsening. The article reviews two approaches used in the modeling nucleation of microstructure: the Langevin...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... Abstract This article describes the integration of thermodynamic modeling, mobility database, and phase-transformation crystallography into phase-field modeling and its combination with transformation texture modeling to predict phase equilibrium, phase transformation, microstructure evolution...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005422
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... mobility of boundary junctions on grain growth. Various models have been used for the simulation of grain-boundary migration and related phenomena, in particular, grain growth and recrystallization, notably Monte Carlo ( Ref 1 , Ref 2 , Ref 3 , Ref 4 ), phase field ( Ref 5 , 6 ), and network models...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005435
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... ( Ref 5 ) Phase-field models in which strain variables are coupled in a symmetry-allowed manner to the morphological variables ( Ref 14 ) Sharp interface models used by applied mathematicians ( Ref 15 , 16 ) The natural order parameters in the GLFE are strain-tensor components. However...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005966
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... temperatures in the austenite phase field (ignoring the development of ferrite at low carbon levels) In addition, the depth of decarburization can be estimated by solving for x in Eq 10 . The total depth of decarburization cannot be based on a condition of 100% retention of the original carbon value...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... are easily missed. Fig. 10 Microstructural evolution during recrystallization simulated using a hybrid Monte Carlo-Potts cellular automaton model; the white grains are recrystallized. Source: Ref 23 Unlike the other types of model, the phase-field method is based on structural and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005461
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Abstract This article discusses physical analysis, including slab method and upper-bound method and slip-line field analysis, for calculating stress states in plastic deformation processes. It presents various validation standards and models for evaluating the criterion of fracture for use in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... achievements in the field of physical modeling of the correlations between processing parameters, microstructure formation, and product properties of metals and alloys, including thermodynamics and kinetics modeling and many other areas covered in other sections of this Handbook. Statistical models, on the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005433
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
.... Generally, superplasticity is obtained at homologous temperatures of above ∼0.4 because diffusional processes become rapid enough to impart superplastic property. Superplasticity as a field of study has matured from a mere academic interest to applications in commercial superplastic forming (SPF) operations...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... second-order effects and do not even take place during the steady state. As shown as follows, this average-field approach leads to a simple formulation of the model, leading, in most cases, to quasi-analytical predictions. Three-dimensional aggregates of equiaxed grains are often represented by stacks of...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005236
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... and applications of phase field method and cellular automaton method for modeling the direct evolution of structure at the intermediate length scales, where transport phenomena govern the spatial and temporal evolution of the structure that involves nucleation and growth. casting cellular...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005418
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Abstract Self-consistent models are a particular class of models in continuum micromechanics, that is, the field concerned with making predictions of the properties and evolution of aggregates whose single-crystal deformation behavior is known. This article provides information on the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Abstract This article focuses on the modeling of microstructure evolution during thermomechanical processing in the two-phase field for alpha/beta and beta titanium alloys. It also discusses the mechanisms of spheroidization, the coarsening, particle growth, and phase decomposition in titanium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005406
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Abstract This article focuses on the intermediate length scales, where transport phenomena govern the spatial and temporal evolution of a structure. It presents the cellular automaton (CA) and phase field (PF) methods that represent the state of the art for modeling macrostructure and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005412
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... means of elastic fields, or as dense atomic planes and rows interacting with each other by means of van der Waals forces and elastic fields, or as individual atoms interacting to locally form low-energy structures. The challenge is to develop phase diagrams for the interfacial structure based on precise...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005405
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... conventional crystal plasticity models that do not focus on slip system interactions. Second, MSC growth is subject to attenuation and arrest at microstructure barriers such as grain and/or phase boundaries. In the MSC regime, cracks grow at apparent stress-intensity factor levels well below that of the long...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005438
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
..., the submodel parameters can become a part of the calibration of the higher-order model. For example, a lack of accurate APB energy predictions for ordered precipitate phases requires this quantity to be calibrated experimentally with strength data within a precipitation-strengthening model. A further...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005425
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... mechanism-based models, such as those designed to predict phase equilibria (e.g., Calphad), recrystallization and grain growth (Monte Carlo and cellular-automaton techniques), and precipitation and solidification problems (e.g., phase-field methods). The successful implementation of these newer techniques...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005434
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Abstract This article focuses on transport phenomena and modeling approaches that are specific to vapor-phase processes (VPP). It discusses the VPP for the synthesis of materials. The article reviews the basic notions of molecular collisions and gas flows, and presents transport equations. It...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006443
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... development is associated with the fundamental nature of the measurement. In essence, the measurement response is a complex function of the probe fields and their interaction with the flaw, and it is difficult to isolate these two contributions. Therefore, one cannot develop simple models in which various...