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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004210
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Abstract This article discusses the particular corrosion problems encountered and the corrosion control methods used in petroleum production (i.e.,upstream) and the storage and transportation of oil and gas (i.e., midstream) up to the refinery (i.e., downstream). These control methods include...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... and nonferrous alloys used in petroleum refining and petrochemical applications. The article reviews the mechanical properties, fabricability, and corrosion resistance of refinery steels. It describes low- and high-temperature corrosion, hydrogen embrittlement, and cracking such as stress-corrosion, sulfide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003699
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... in the Petroleum Industry , Mater. Perform. , Vol 8 ( No. 1 ), Jan 1969 , p 41 – 47 12. Patton C.C. , Petroleum Production—Stringent Corrosion Control Procedures Key to Extended Fatigue Life , Mater. Prot. Perform. , Vol 11 ( No. 1 ), June 1972 , p 17 – 18 13. Martin R.L...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006483
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
..., electrolytic extraction, smelting, thermodynamic properties, electrochemical reactions ALTHOUGH ALUMINUM is a relatively young material (discovered and named in 1808), its production volume today (2018) exceeds that of all other nonferrous metals combined. More than 57 million tonnes of primary aluminum...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006332
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... composition and initial melt condition. Besides the basic alloy properties, the effective castability of high-alloy irons can be significantly improved through casting and casting system design. The article describes the product design and processing factors of high-alloy graphitic irons and high-alloy white...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006329
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... temperature range. Because carbon is dissolved in the molten iron in amounts of approximately 2.8 to 4.0%, gray iron has the lowest casting temperature, the least shrinkage, and the best castability of all ferrous metals. Successful production of a gray iron casting also depends on the cooling rate during...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
.... Powder Metall. Met. Ceram. , March 1976 , p 175 – 177 12. Adamson D.L. and Toddenham W.M. , “Production of High Quality Electrolytic Copper Powder,” American Institute of Mining , Metallurgical and Petroleum Engineers Annual Meeting , March 1–4, 1971 ( New York ) 13...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006449
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
..., the production requirements, and product specifications. Many products require multiple inspection methods. For example, in the oil and gas industry, product specifications are issued by the American Petroleum Institute (API). The API Specification 5CT ( Ref 3 ) for casing and tubing allows NDE device...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003096
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... sizes and weights of pipe for the major named uses, the AISI Steel Products Manual should be consulted. For oil country tubular goods, the specifications of the American Petroleum Institute (API) govern. Table 3 lists the current ASTM, API, and Canadian Standards Association (CSA) specifications...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004144
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... subsequent use as fuel and raw materials for chemicals is a complex and demanding process, where corrosion is an inherent hazard. This Section discusses corrosion problems and methods of control used in petroleum production, in storage and transportation of oil and gas (including external and internal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001020
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... Abstract This article discusses tubular products made from wrought carbon or alloy constructional steels, particularly pipe, specialty tubing, and oil country tubular goods. The article covers product classifications, available specifications, chemical compositions, sizes, and other dimensional...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006518
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... Abstract This article introduces the basic characteristics, processes, and product forms associated with the five major categories of aluminum wrought products, namely, flat-rolled products (sheet, plate, and foil); rod, bar, and wire; tubular products; profiles; and forgings. It summarizes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006366
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
..., the cost of ILs is still high and mass production of ILs in industry is not available, leading to unacceptable price and inhibiting the expansive application of ILs in the lubricant industry. One advantage of IL is that, by combining various cations and anions, the number of possible types of ILs...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... clearance and/or the introduction of coolant. It describes the compositions and applications of coated abrasives and types of grinding fluids, such as petroleum-base and mineral-base cutting oils, water-soluble oils, synthetic fluids, semisynthetic fluids, and water plus additives. The article concludes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006479
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... for Standardization (CEN), American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Aerospace Industries Association (AIA), American Welding Society (AWS), American Petroleum Institute (API), and American Society for Nondestructive Testing (ASNT). All...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... ed. , American Petroleum Institute , Dec 1997 20. “Lining of Aboveground Petroleum Storage Tank Bottoms,” RP652, 2nd ed. , American Petroleum Institute , Dec 1997 21. “Specification for Shop Welded Tanks for Storage of Production Liquids,” Spec 12F, American Petroleum...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
..., and corrosion by molten salts. Applications where the corrosion properties of nickel alloys are important factors in materials selection include the petroleum, chemical, and electrical power industries. Most nickel alloys are much more resistant than the stainless steels to reducing acids, such as hydrochloric...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... in Petroleum Base Stock , J. Oleo Sci. , Vol 62 , 2013 , p 901 – 904 10.5650/jos.62.901 8. Zhang J. , Yang S. et al. , The Mechanisms of Boundary Lubrication and Antioxidation of Bromobenzo-15-Crown-5 as Novel Additive , Wear , Vol 236 , 1999 , p 303 – 307 10.1016/S0043-1648(99...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002128
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... products D 129 Sulfur in petroleum products (general bomb method) D 130 Detection of copper corrosion from petroleum products by the copper strip tarnish test D 808 Chlorine in new and used petroleum products (bomb method) D 811 Chemical analysis for metals in new and used lubricating oils...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003697
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... suggested by Sir Humphrey Davy in the 1820s as a means of controlling corrosion on British naval ships ( Ref 1 ). It became common in the 1930s on the Gulf Coast of the United States, where it was used to control the corrosion of pipelines carrying high- pressure natural gas and petroleum products. Much...