1-20 of 169 Search Results for

petrochemical operations

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... part of petroleum refining and petrochemical operations. Partially due to this historical view of corrosion, one of the primary causes of operational problems in refining and petrochemical operations is corrosion. Corrosion problems increase operating and maintenance costs substantially. Time-dependent...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005735
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... operations, maintains the noble aspect of the patch under these conditions. Ball Valve/Petrochemical Applications The appropriate selection of bulk materials and coatings of valve components is an important factor for the economic success of oil and gas production activities in the petrochemical field...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004144
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... to practical applications. The industries addressed are nuclear power, fossil and alternative fuel, land transportation, air transportation, microelectronics, chemical processing, pulp and paper, food and beverage, pharmaceutical and medical technology, petroleum and petrochemical, building, and mining...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006807
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Abstract This article provides some new developments in elevated-temperature and life assessments. It is aimed at providing an overview of the damage mechanisms of concern, with a focus on creep, and the methodologies for design and in-service assessment of components operating at elevated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003707
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... sector, only the major corrosion costs were considered. In addition, even major costs were left out when no basis for an estimate was found; most notable were no operation and maintenance costs were included for the chemical, petrochemical, and pharmaceutical sector; no capital costs were included...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... In another example, one petrochemical company estimates that CUI accounts for as high as 40 to 60% of the company's piping maintenance costs ( Ref 2 ). Similar case histories are commonplace within the process industries. An effective CUI prevention strategy based on life-cycle costs can significantly reduce...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24A.a0006958
EISBN: 978-1-62708-439-0
.... additive manufacturing gas industry oil industry part selection process control Additive Manufacturing Background The Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR) is characterized by the digitalization of manufacturing, which can transform operations, processes, and the structure of global supply chains...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003228
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Important Important Important Important Type of defect Internal Most External External Surface breaking Relative sensitivity High Medium High Low Low Formal record Expensive Standard Expensive Unusual Unusual Operator skill High High Medium Low Low Operator training...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003471
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... into fuels and nonfuels. The fuel stream accounts for 86% of hydrocarbon production ( Fig. 4 ). Nonfuels or petrochemicals represent only 14% of the hydrocarbon stream. Petrochemicals include plastics, synthetic fibers, solvents, lubricants, detergents, paints, and other products. Petrochemicals can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003266
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... are typically 20–30 °C (35–55 °F) higher than the tube midwall temperature. In a typical U.S. utility boiler, the maximum metal surface temperature is approximately 625 °C (1155 °F). Suggested maximum temperatures in petrochemical operations for continuous service based on creep or rupture data Table 3...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003690
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... be categorized within a thermal spray coating. Explanation in text. Source: Ref 13 Process Optimization and Parameterization Optimization involves the study and analysis of operational parameters and their influence on a particular property. Single-wire arc spraying and powder flame spraying are two...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002387
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... continued operation uneconomical Calculations indicate life exhaustion Performance-based criteria Severe loss of efficiency indicating component degradation Large crack manifested by leakage, severe vibration, or other malfunction Catastrophic burst Inspection-based criteria...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006823
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... insulation in an organic sulfur environment, and an equalization tank with localized corrosion in the shell courses in a chemicals facility. In the first two cases, remaining life is assessed by determining the minimum thickness required to operate the corroded equipment. The first is based on a Level 2 FFS...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002402
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... weldments The Cr-Mo steels are preferred in the construction of high-temperature components because they possess excellent strength, toughness, and corrosion resistance relative to carbon steels and most low-alloy steels. Components fabricated from Cr-Mo steels serve in the petroleum, petrochemical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001072
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... applications led to the development of Nimonic alloy 80 and Nimonic alloy 80A during the 1940s ( Ref 8 ) The development of the turbo-supercharger for aircraft engines, which operated at temperatures ranging from 650 to 815 °C (1200 to 1500 °F) as the rotor turned at speeds of 20,000 to 30,000 rpm, led...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001430
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... be warranted for purposes of maintaining dimensional stability during subsequent machining operations. A postweld heat treatment may also improve resistance to stress-corrosion cracking (SCC), depending on the configuration of the weldment and the intended corrosion-resistant service. The welding...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003554
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...-value heavier hydrocarbons, called natural gas liquids (NGL), from the methane. Mercury at the parts per billion (ppb) level was produced with the natural gas and normally was removed by adsorption beds upstream of the cryogenic plant. After some years of operation, a leak was detected in the area...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003702
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... Abstract This article outlines the processes by which materials are selected to prevent or control localized corrosion, galvanic corrosion, and intergranular corrosion. It reviews the operating conditions and the design of candidate materials for material selection. The article discusses...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... metal coolants is described. Some information on safety precautions for handling liquid metals, operating circulating systems, dealing with fire and spillage, and cleaning contaminated components, are also provided. liquid-metal corrosion liquid-metal system liquid-vapor metal coolants safety...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... inspection internal visual inspection non-invasive inspection HUGE AMOUNTS OF TIME AND MONEY ARE INVESTED in designing, constructing, commissioning, and operating major petroleum and petrochemical installations. To safeguard this investment and to ensure adequate prevention of adverse effects...