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peritectic reaction

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006226
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... Fig. 1 Schematic of peritectic freezing Fig. 2 Typical peritectic phase diagrams. (a) Peritectic reaction α + liquid → β and peritectoid reaction α + β → γ. (b) Peritectic formation of intermetallic phases from a high-melting intermetallic. (c) Peritectic cascade between high...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003734
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Fig. 1 Schematic binary phase diagrams of solidification from liquid (L) to solid solutions (α or β). (a) With eutectic reaction with invariant point, E . (b) With peritectic reaction with invariant point, P , where alloys between II and III first solidify to α crystals and then transform...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005214
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...Abstract Abstract This article describes the three solidification mechanisms of peritectic structures, namely, peritectic reaction, peritectic transformation, and direct precipitation. It discusses the theoretical analysis, which shows that the rate of the peritectic transformation...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... for the binary isomorphous systems: titanium-molybdenum; binary eutectic systems: aluminum-copper and aluminum-silicon; binary peritectic systems: copper-zinc; multicomponent eutectic systems: Al-Si-Cu-Mg; and for systems with both eutectic and peritectic reactions: Fe-C-Cr and nickel-base superalloy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002462
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... C26000 when it is cold rolled in varying amounts up to 62% reduction in thickness Fig. 1 Aluminum-copper phase diagram illustrating the eutectic reaction Fig. 2 Aluminum-chromium phase diagram illustrating the peritectic reaction Abstract Abstract This article focuses...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003728
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... structures formed on the surface of the ingot. (a) Ti-35Al (at.%). (b) Ti-51Al (at.%). (c) Ti-55Al (at.%). Source: Ref 26 Fig. 11 Light micrograph illustrating the peritectic reaction for α p in a Ti-48Al alloy. Source: Ref 26 Fig. 12 Transmission electron micrograph illustrating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
.... Adapted from Ref 3 Fig. 24 Three-phase equilibria in a ternary system with a peritectic reaction. Adapted from Ref 3 Fig. 25 Isotherms through the space diagram of Fig. 24 . Adapted from Ref 3 Fig. 26 Tie triangles at three different temperatures. Adapted from Ref 3...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... L ( k −1)/ k = P / C o Maximun concentration, wt% Reaction type Ti 7–8 26–33 156–236 22–29.5 0.15 Peritectic Ta 2.5 70 105 42 0.10 Peritectic V 4.0 10.0 30 7.5 ∼0.1 Peritectic Hf 2.4 8.0 11.2 4.7 ∼0.5 Peritectic Mo 2.5 5.0 7.5 3.0 ∼0.1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003724
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... are solid solutions. (a) Complete solid solubility. (b) Partial solid solubility with eutectic reaction. (c) Partial solid solubility with peritectic reaction. (d) Partial solid solubility with monotectic reaction Fig. 17 Transition to different interface morphologies as a function...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... is controlled by the peritectic reaction that steel undergoes upon solidification, which is: L + δ → γ where L is the liquid, δ is delta iron, and γ is austenite. The high-temperature portion of the iron-carbon equilibrium phase diagram, where this reaction occurs, is shown in Fig. 16...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003124
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., and Al-Mg (5050 and 5052) alloys Fig. 11 Aluminum-chromium phase diagram illustrating the peritectic reaction Fig. 4 Tensile properties in Al-Mg-Mn alloys in the form of annealed (O temper) plate 13 mm (0.5 in.) thick Fig. 3 Correlation between tensile yield, strength...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... ), peritectic, or monotectic reaction. Because solidification of hypoeutectic cast iron starts with the solidification of austenite dendrites, which are solid solutions of carbon and other elements in iron, the details of the solidification of the solid solution are important in determining the final...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001450
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... of microcrystalline/amorphous RS soldering or brazing foil has been growing since the early 1980s ( Ref 5 ). The second group of brazing filler metals, which are characterized by a phase diagram that includes a peritectic reaction (for copper-tin alloys) or a minimum in the liquidus curve (for gold-nickel alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003725
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Fig. 1 Scanning electron micrograph of the center of an as-cast low-carbon steel ingot showing dendrite spikes (primary arms) and secondary arms. Unetched. Original magnification 10×. Courtesy of B.L. Bramfitt and J.R. Kilpatrick Fig. 9 Three stages of peritectic reaction...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005206
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... system can be divided into two groups: decomposition or eutectic-type reactions and formation or peritectic-type reactions. In a binary eutectic ( Fig. 2 ), the liquid decomposes on cooling into two solid phases, and in a peritectic ( Fig. 2 ), the liquid reacts with a solid phase on cooling to form...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006228
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... the temperature T p ) react at T p to form a new solid phase. This reaction can be written as: (Eq 9) α + β → γ Peritectoid phase equilibria are common in binary phase diagrams. Peritectoid transformations are similar to peritectic transformations, except that the initial phases are both...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003769
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...) Monotectic reaction. (c) Peritectic reaction. Source: Ref 3 , 4 Reagents for chemical macroetching Table 6 Reagents for chemical macroetching No. of reagent Chemical composition (a) Etching mode Purpose or application Ref 1M caustic etchant 100 mL distilled H 2 O 10–20 g...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006281
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... reactions (e.g., peritectic, eutectic, eutectoid reactions) taking place at a constant temperature (if any) along with the presence of different phases at different temperatures. It is also useful to note the difference between the atomic weight of copper and that of tin, aluminum, silicon, and beryllium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
..., extending from 41 to 56% Sb ( Fig. 26 ). At antimony contents exceeding 8%, cuboids of primary SbSn ( Fig. 27 ) are produced in a tin-rich matrix that is formed by a peritectic reaction between the melt and the primary SbSn. Alloys of this simple eutectic system ( Fig. 18 , 19 , 20 , 21 , 22 , 23...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005226
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... on the remaining liquidus and solidus lines. This is a simple eutectic system where the eutectic reaction is L → β + γ. For example, the composition marked “a” may freeze with a primary β phase, followed by a eutectic of β and γ. Another possibility would be if the β phase failed to form instead. The peritectic...