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pendulum methods

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003302
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... indentation testing reveals a significant effect of loading rates on the hardness and the induced plastic zone size in metals and on the hardness and induced crack sizes of brittle materials. The article also explains the rebound and pendulum methods for dynamic hardness testing. metals ceramics split...
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Published: 01 January 2000
Fig. 20 Specimen types and test configurations for pendulum impact toughness tests. (a) Charpy method. (b) Izod method More
Image
Published: 01 January 2000
Fig. 2 Specimen types and test configurations for pendulum impact toughness tests. (a) Charpy method. (b) Izod method More
Image
Published: 15 May 2022
Fig. 17 Specimen types and test configurations for pendulum impact toughness tests. (a) Charpy method. (b) Izod method More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003308
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... of metals, plastics, and ceramics. In general, the categories of impact tests can be classified in terms of loading method (pendulum stroke or drop-weight loading) and the type of notched specimen (e.g., Charpy V-notch, Charpy U-notch, or Izod). The following descriptions briefly describe the key types...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005628
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
..., quasi-static mechanical tests, dynamic mechanical tests, and metallographic examination, are reviewed. The article reviews weld-quality monitoring using various process signals and provides a discussion on the on-line and off-line nondestructive evaluation methods of spot weld quality. dynamic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006919
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Abstract This article reviews the impact response of plastic components and the various methods used to evaluate it.. It describes the effects of loading rate on polymer deformation and the influence of temperature and strain rate on failure mode. It discusses the advantages and limitations...
Book Chapter

By Eugene Shapiro
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003268
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... Abstract Bend tests are conducted to determine the ductility or strength of a material. This article discusses the different bend tests with emphasis on test methods, apparatuses, procedures, specimen preparation, and interpretation and reporting of results. The types of bend tests discussed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006928
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
...-impact energy to break plastics and electrical insulating materials D1894 6601 Static and kinetic coefficients of friction of plastic film and sheeting D1922 6383-2 Propagation tear resistance of plastic film and thin sheeting by pendulum method D1938 6383-1 Tear propagation resistance...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... the mechanical properties of engineering plastics. The testing methods for determining mechanical properties, including stress-strain test, modulus-directed tensile test, strength test, strength-directed tensile test, impact test, and dynamic mechanical test are discussed. crystallinity engineering...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003256
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... 6601 Static and kinetic coefficients of friction of plastic film and sheeting D 1922 6383-2 Propagation tear resistance of plastic film and thin sheeting by pendulum method D 1938 6383-1 Tear propagation resistance of plastic film and thin sheeting by a single tear method D 2990 899-1,2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 January 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0006947
EISBN: 978-1-62708-387-4
... by a pendulum arm that is lifted to a known height corresponding to a specified potential energy prior to testing. The height of the pendulum swing after striking the polymer sample is recorded and used along with the known mass of the pendulum to calculate the amount of energy absorbed during the fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003281
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... Abstract This article describes the techniques for measuring friction, namely, inclined-plane method; friction test methods using weights and pulleys; friction tests of shafts and capstans; other types of friction tests, including standards; microscale friction tests; and friction testing under...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006361
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... Properties using the British Pendulum Tester Rubber versus pavement (BPN, British p Pendulum Number) E670 (E-17 on traveled surfaces) Side Force Friction on Paved Surfaces using the Mu-Meter Tires versus pavement (μ) ( F dry – F wet ) F609 Test Method for Static Slip Resistance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003259
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
..., which are designed to test specimens in tension, compression, or bending. The testing machines are designed to apply a force to a material to determine its strength and resistance to deformation. Regardless of the method of force application, testing machines are designed to drive a crosshead or platen...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... Abrasive flow machining is a flexible method for achieving precise and uniform surfaces in a variety of finishing operations. The AFM process is used in the deburring, radiusing, sizing, and polishing of parts, and it can be applied to a wide range of part and passage sizes—from gears as small as 1.5 mm...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article reviews the various types of mechanical testing methods, including hardness testing; tension testing; compression testing; dynamic fracture testing; fracture toughness testing; fatigue life testing; fatigue crack growth testing; and creep, stress-rupture, and stress...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003442
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... a deep throat, allowing measurement of the center of larger panels. In making the measurement, care should be taken to keep the panel perpendicular to the micrometer. This becomes a greater issue with larger panels. Other methods for measuring thickness include ultrasonic and noncontacting optical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003282
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
.... A similar method was used by Werner ( Ref 5 ), who developed the first real scale of hardness, which was further extended by Hauy ( Ref 5 ). In Hauy's scale, there were four groups of hardness listed in order of their mutual scratchability. The Austrian mineralogist Mohs is credited with developing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006849
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... 1. “ Test Methods for Determining the Izod Pendulum Impact Resistance of Plastics ,” D256-10, Annual Book of ASTM Standards , ASTM International , 2018 2. “ Test Method for Determining the Charpy Impact Resistance of Notched Specimens of Plastics ,” D6110-18, Annual Book of ASTM Standards...