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payload support structures

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... provides information on the specific state-of-the-art applications of composite materials for spacecraft missiles and launch vehicles. A discussion on key applications, including solid rocket motor casings, payload fairings, and payload support structures, is presented. composite materials launch...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003375
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract Lightweight structural cores are used on aircrafts to reduce weight and increase payload and fight distance. This article discusses the classification of lightweight structural cores, namely, honeycomb, balsa, and foam. It reviews the four primary manufacturing methods used to produce...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003445
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... not define the structure itself, but rather its performance. Performance requirements are divided into two categories: those related to structural function (for example, the structural wing box, which transmits lift forces to the body for payload support) and those imposed to ensure safety and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003061
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... be made that allows wear loads to be distributed, improved results can be expected because surface microcracks are minimized. If a design can allow the use of many small ceramic pieces attached to a support structure, a cost-effective approach can be achieved. For example, large fan blades for coal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006454
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... ). Acoustic noise sources include fluid flow in pumps and valves, friction processes such as the movement of structures on their supports, and impact processes such as rain and wind-blown cables striking the structure. Electrical and electromagnetic noise sources include ground loops, power-switching circuits...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... Abstract This article considers four types of high-strength structural steels: heat-treated low-alloy steels, as-rolled carbon-manganese steels, heat-treated (normalized or quenched and tempered) carbon steels, and as-rolled high-strength low-alloy (HSLA) steels (which are also known as...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... cars cover new domestic automobile production, spare parts, accessories and after-market parts. Shipments for light trucks and vans are included in the trucks and buses classification. Source: Aluminum Association, Inc. Because of weight limitations and a desire to increase effective payloads...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005228
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... stand-alone experiments fastened to a trusslike frame, called the multipurpose experiment support structure (EMPESS), located in the unpressurized Shuttle bay ( Fig. 1 , right). Fig. 1 Left: Astronauts at work on orbit in Spacelab . Right: United States Microgravity Payload-4 configuration of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003477
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... utilization for the 777-200 is shown in Fig. 8 . Excluding the payload (interiors), each aircraft contains approximately 7450 kg (16,400 lb) of carbon- and fiberglass-composite material; 71% of this amount is carbon reinforced. The majority of the carbon/epoxy quantity is an intermediate modulus fiber...
Book Chapter

By Greg Kress
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003392
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... development and production process. Products are manufactured and purchased to satisfy specific real or imagined needs. An airplane may be produced for high speed, large payload capacity, or flight endurance. An automobile is produced for ground transportation, but could be functionally classified as a sports...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... ∼ V 1/2 ) in the absence of fluid flow (filled circles: microgravity data, Isothermal Dendritic Growth Experiment/U.S. Microgravity Payload (USMP)-4, 1997; open circles: 1 g data) Reduced-gravity platforms have thus risen as unique research tools. The reduced-gravity facilities currently in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... lightweighting allowed for the aircraft’s functional payload to be increased for applications that required additional equipment and personnel in situations such as life-flighting critical care patients. Fig. 12 Laser-sintered Bell Helicopter parts used to reduce part count, assembly cost, and weight. The...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002442
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... loads can be used to reduce cost and improve payload without risking higher failure rates. This implies a need to use dynamic analysis for the fine tuning of the analysis results before the final design decisions are made. The loads can and should be used as input to stress analyses to ensure that the...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... ( Fig. 1 ) is approximately 60% composites by weight, saving 25% in weight over metal to provide greater range, speed, and payload. Its airframe consists largely of a laminate of high-stiffness carbon fiber in an epoxy matrix. Fig. 1 The Bell Boeing V-22 Osprey tilt-rotor aircraft, which is...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... transportation industry, especially in the aerospace and defense industries, where minimizing payload weight can reduce fuel consumption and decrease flight time, which are important economic considerations. ( Ref 1 ) Table 1 summarizes important properties of aluminum and the other light metals. ( Ref 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006516
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... process and aluminum production at the Pittsburgh Reduction Company, or PRC (now Alcoa), drastic reductions in the price of aluminum stimulated its use in a wide range of applications. The first alloys developed were necessarily based on (nearly) pure aluminum with insufficient strength for structural...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0009020
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... casting. Hence, ribs should be dimensioned properly to satisfy structural integrity while allowing castability. The lightweight structure of thin-wall castings allows for increased payload and reduced energy consumption in transportation applications. However, thin-wall castings also can pose...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... wings of an aircraft and helped to support an external payload. The plan area of the forging was 970 cm 2 (150 in. 2 ) before punchout. After punchout, the weight of the forging was 2.6 kg (5.7 lb). The web sections of this forging were confined by enclosure on all four sides. Two punchouts were...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002480
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... previous version, yet it contained 42% fewer parts. It weighed in at 1000 lb under the Navy's weight specification and flew farther, with more payload, than its predecessor. Originally scheduled for first flight in December 1995, the first complete Super Hornet successfully took to the sky 32 days early...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... failure analysis Materials selection augments and is supported by failure analysis in several ways. Of course, a basic objective of any successful design is to prevent failure (which can be defined here in the general context of a part not being able to perform its intended function). Therefore...