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passive electrical components

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004173
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... terminal Abstract Abstract This article focuses on the various types of corrosion-related failure mechanisms and their effects on passive electrical components. The types include halide-induced corrosion, organic-acid-induced corrosion, electrochemical metal migration, silver tarnish, fretting...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Fig. 1 Copper migration and copper corrosion by-products on surface of failed printed circuit board. See the article “Corrosion in Passive Electrical Components” in this Volume. Fig. 2 Tin dendrites growing between two adjacent solder joints on failed printed circuit board. See...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... reduce corrosion. Very pure water is much less corrosive than impure or natural waters. The low corrosivity of high-purity water is due to its high electrical resistance and few reducible cations. Passivity Essentially, passivity refers to the loss of chemical reactivity experienced by certain...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... anodizing conversion coating metallurgy trace elements Pourbaix diagrams Aluminum, magnesium, titanium, and beryllium are classified as light metals , because whether used in their pure state or as alloys, their purpose is to reduce the weight of components and structures. The property...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003672
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
..., the procedure is referred to as anodic protection. Corrosion protection is achieved by moving the potential of the component to be protected in the positive direction. The passive film that forms acts as a barrier between the environment and the more active metal. However, the higher-potential metal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003607
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... nonmetal in the same electrolyte. The three essential components are: Acknowledgment Materials possessing different surface potential A common electrolyte A common electrical path The potential difference between the metals or alloys The nature of the environment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003696
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... thousand mA/m 2 (a few hundred mA/ft 2 ) of wetted area. The current necessary to maintain passivity is usually 10 μA/m 2 (1 μA/ft 2 ) or less. This interesting anodic polarization behavior results from the formation of a surface layer on the metal that is both electrically resistive and relatively...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005673
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... bone fixation External clamp fixation for fusion of joints and open fractures of infected nonunions: external frame supporting transfixing pins; stainless steel Total joint prostheses Replacement of total joints with metal and plastic components (shoulder, hip, knee, ankle, and great toe): humeral...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... electrolyte A common electrical path A mixed-metal system in a common conducting electrolyte, where the components are electrically isolated, will not experience galvanic corrosion, regardless of the proximity of the metals or their relative potential or size. Factors Affecting Galvanic Corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... on the surface of the passive component after temperature-humidity tests. In several passive components (capacitor, resistors, etc.), nickel is used as a barrier layer between the silver adjacent to the dielectric and the tin termination. In this particular case, the nickel barrier layer at the anode...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... than impure or natural waters. The low corrosivity of high-purity water is due to its high electrical resistance and few reducible cations. Passivity Essentially, passivity refers to the loss of chemical reactivity experienced by certain metals and alloys under specific environmental conditions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003616
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... 2, intermediate chromium content, curve 3, high (>12 wt%) chromium content Fig. 8 Log (current) versus potential illustration of the influence of noble metal alloying on the kinetics of the cathodic half-reaction that reinforces spontaneous passivity on dilute titanium alloys. Curve 1...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003220
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Although stainless steel is naturally passivated by exposure to air and other oxidizers, additional surface treatments are needed to prevent corrosion. Passivation, pickling, electropolishing, and mechanical cleaning are important surface treatments for the successful performance...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... The three essential components for galvanic corrosion are: Materials possessing different surface potential A common electrolyte A common electrical path A mixed-metal system in a common electrolyte that is electrically isolated will not experience galvanic corrosion, regardless...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... absorbed in it as a soluble component. The gel is soft for the first 24 h or so, after which it hardens and becomes relatively abrasion resistant. Chromate films can be produced on steel, cadmium, copper, and magnesium substrates. Aluminum and aluminum alloys are passivated principally by an acid process...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003220
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...Abstract Abstract Although stainless steel is naturally passivated by exposure to air and other oxidizers, additional surface treatments are needed to prevent corrosion. Passivation, pickling, electropolishing, and mechanical cleaning are important surface treatments for the successful...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003663
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... galvanically. When outside interactions of this type are possible, the interacting materials must be made part of the corrosion system by exposing the appropriate surface area of those materials electrically connected to, and in the same electrolyte as, the component being tested. The principal advantages...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003601
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
..., depend on current density. For a given current density at which it is desired to provide electricity, the various kinetic factors that reduce the cell potential should be as low as possible. Because the potential and current density cannot be varied indiscriminately, the selection of battery components...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...-Nitrogen Stainless Steel in a Simulated Body Fluid , Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. , Vol 14 , 2013 , p 025002 10.1088/1468-6996/14/2/025002 11. Park W. , Jung J.P. , and Lee K.Y. , Overview of Fretting Corrosion in Electrical Connectors , Int. J. Automot. Technol. , Vol 7 , 2006...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.9781627081825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5