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particulates

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001317
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... the most general catalyst preparation procedures: impregnation, ion exchange, and precipitation. It explains the various categorizations of carrier materials: active carriers such as alumina, silica-alumina, zeolites, titanium oxide, and carbon in powder or particulate form; inert carriers such as...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... superconductors and ferroelectric materials. angular distribution ferroelectric materials high-temperature superconductors particulates pulsed-laser deposition pulsed-laser deposition equipment PULSED-LASER DEPOSITION (PLD) is a physical vapor deposition (PVD) technique that has gained popularity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005652
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article discusses the mechanisms of metal and alloy biocompatibility. It provides information on early testing and experience with metals in medical device applications. The article describes the response to severe corrosion of implant and particulate materials. It provides a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article addresses the biologic aspects of implant debris both locally and systemically. It discusses the particulate debris, such as stainless steel, cobalt alloy, and titanium alloy, and soluble debris obtained due to wear from all orthopedic implants. Implant debris is known to...
Book Chapter

By J.Y. Shi
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... Abstract Supercarburizing, also referred to as high-concentration carburizing, carbide-precipitation carburizing, and carbide dispersion, is a carburizing method that results in a large amount of dispersed particulate carbide, with carbon content as high as 2 to 3%, to obtain surfaces with high...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... filtration) and in the gating and/or riser system (in-mold filtration). Zinc and copper alloy melts also are filtered but to a much lesser extent than aluminum. In almost all instances of metal casting, the presence of dross, inclusions, or particulate impurities detracts from casting performance and can...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., aluminum oxide (Al 2 O 3 ), and refractory metals. Discontinuous reinforcements consist mainly of SiC in whisker (w) form, particulate (p) types of SiC, Al 2 O 3 , and titanium diboride (TiB 2 ), and short or chopped fibers (c) of Al 2 O 3 or graphite. Most of the commercial work on MMCs has...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
...) and many analyses for statistical reliability. Particulate size is essential to understanding particulate sources, transport, transformation, effects on health and welfare, and removal mechanisms. Although PIXE has reasonable success in analysis of such air samples, the parallel development of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003839
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... 150 μm monofilaments ( Fig. 1 ). Fig. 1 Diameter of continuous-reinforcement range from 10 μm (a) microstructure of alumina fiber/aluminum metal-matrix composite (MMC) to 150 μm (b) SiC MF /Ti-15-3 MMC Discontinuous-reinforced MMCs are metals reinforced with particulates, which generally...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006675
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
..., semiconductors, ceramics, organic materials, and biomaterials in bulk, thin-film, and coating, powder, or particulate format. To aid readers in achieving speedy selection of these surface-analytical methods for a specific application, Table 1 provides a quick reference summary of the analytical methods...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004002
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Cast+extruded 2014 Al 2 O 3 15 Ref 17 Not reported Cast+forged A1-5%Si-0.2%Mg SiC p 9–22 Ref 18 (a) SiC w , whisker reinforcement; SiC p , particulate reinforcement. Source: Ref 4 , Ref 5 , Ref 6 , Ref 7 , Ref 8 , Ref 9 , Ref 10 , Ref 11 , Ref 12 , Ref 13 , Ref 14...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... x ), volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and particulates. The Clean Air Act also requires all states to meet minimum emissions standards for NO x , VOCs, and CO. The concern over human exposure to lead has resulted in an increase in both state and federal regulations of leaded products...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... atomization, splat quenching to form particulates, and melt spinning to form ribbon. Powder processing (optional), which includes mechanical alloying or comminution of melt-spun ribbon into powder for subsequent handling. Mechanical alloying is used for fabricating oxide-dispersion strengthened alloys...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... ceramics, such as SiC, alumina silica, and the matrix can be a metal, such as aluminum, copper, titanium, or magnesium. Fig. 2 Classification of metal-matrix composites. (a) Aligned continuous fiber-reinforced composite. (b) Short fiber-reinforced composite. (c) Particulate composite Fiber...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... foil is then filled with a particulate support medium, and a porous vacuum head/separator is placed at the top of the tube. (c) Vacuum is applied to the chamber through the vacuum head, and the assembly is moved to the melt furnace. The bottom of the mold assembly is submerged into the melt, thus...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003066
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... to a matrix, whether it is a discrete particle or a void, is to improve the aggregate material properties, such as the coefficient of thermal expansion, dielectric constant, thermal shock resistance, strength, and toughness. The typical properties of different matrix and particulate materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006649
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... calculated. It is important to follow a proper sieving procedure designated for particulate powder in order to minimize analysis error. Table 2 shows an example of sieve analysis on common metal powders. The results obtained from sieve analysis are given as weight percentages in each fraction of sieve set...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001286
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... material, surface preparation, deposition process, and characterization procedures The properties of a film of a material formed by any PVD process depends on four factors: Substrate surface condition —e.g., surface morphology (roughness, inclusions, particulate contamination), surface chemistry...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... horn is used to create cavitation in the melt that disperses the particulate reinforcements. Figure 7 shows a microstructure exhibited by a cast nanocomposite synthesized at the University of Wisconsin—Milwaukee ( Ref 58 , 59 ). This MMNC was made using a unique method combining the use of stir...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... project personnel, and/or the general public. As discussed earlier, not only can paint odors be a problem, but any dripping or airborne paint particulate (e.g., overspray) can be harmful to nearby equipment, manufacturing operations, structures, vehicular traffic, other craft workers, or the general...