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particle shape

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003232
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... detected by the use of finely divided ferromagnetic particles applied over the surface. Some of the particles are gathered and held by the leakage field. The magnetically held particles form an outline of the discontinuity and generally indicate its location, size, shape, and extent. Magnetic particles are...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006468
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... and generally indicates its location, size, shape, and extent. Magnetic particles are applied over a surface as dry particles, or as wet particles in a liquid carrier such as water or oil. Ferromagnetic materials include most of the iron, nickel, and cobalt alloys. Many of the precipitation...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005299
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract Sand mold and permanent mold castings are the major methods for shape casting of steels, with production closely split among green sand, chemically bonded sand, and permanent mold processes. This article describes the steel solidification characteristics, melting practices, melt...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract Aluminum casting alloys are the most versatile of all common foundry alloys and generally have the highest castability ratings. This article provides an overview of the common methods of aluminum shape casting. These include gravity casting, die casting, sand casting, lost foam casting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005658
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article focuses on the specific aspects of nitinol that are of interest to medical device designers. It describes the physical metallurgy, physical properties, and tensile properties of the nitinol. The article discusses the factors influencing superelastic shape memory effects...
Book Chapter

By Erhard Klar
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article focuses on the significant fundamental powder characteristics, which include particle size, particle size distribution, particle shape, and powder purity, followed by an overview of general and individual powder production processes such as mechanical, chemical...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0009017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract A gating system is the conduit network through which liquid metal enters a mold and flows to fill the mold cavity, where the metal can then solidify to form the desired casting shape. This article discusses various desirable design considerations for the gating system. Proper design of...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003053
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Ceramic-forming processes usually start with a powder which is then compacted into a porous shape, achieving maximum particle packing density with a high degree of uniformity. This article compares and contrasts several forming processes, including mechanical consolidation, dry...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003988
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... those of the conventional press and sinter P/M process. Certain defined physical characteristics and properties are required in the powders used in these processes. In general, powders are classified by particle shape, particle size, apparent density, flow, chemistry, green strength, and compressibility...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006649
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... scale, which is reduced continuously at 1000 to 1200 °C (1830 to 2190 °F) for 5 to 10 h. The particles of reduced iron powder are irregularly porous shaped, and therefore, it is referred to as sponge iron powder. Generally, the hydrogen-reduced iron powder has a more porous structure with very fine...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... grinding machine tool factors machining operational factors slicing and slotting wheel selection factors work material factors CERAMICS ARE FINISHED before final use to meet shape, size, finish or surface, and quality requirements. The extent of finishing depends on the application and on the...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., separators, and flotation devices that are used for particle size reduction, separation of particles according to their settling rates in fluids and dewatering of concentrate particles. It explains the basic principles, flow diagrams, ore concentrate preparation methods, and equipment of major types of...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003054
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... (e.g., particle size, size distribution, particle shape, particle aggregates, and degree of agglomeration) have a profound influence on densification and microstructural development. An ideal powder should have the attributes of small particle size, nonagglomeration, equiaxed particle shapes, narrow...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... during subsequent higher-temperature heat treatments, for example, homogenizing or solution heat treatments. They range in size from a few micrometers to tens of micrometers. The size and shape of the insoluble particles is controlled by the rate of solidification, the chemical composition, and the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005675
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... ). Particles that melt at lower temperatures, are water soluble, or are evaporative are employed for porogens; they include sodium chloride, sucrose, mannitol, and camphor, to name a few. Pore size and structure are determined by the size and shape of the soluble particles that are subsequently removed with a...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003248
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... equal to the volume fraction, V V , as long as the sectioning plane intersects the structural features at random. Fig. 1 Synthetic microstructure of uniformly shaped, identical size spherical particles in a matrix phase. Test area is 12,100 mm 2 . Test lines, ten horizontal and ten vertical...