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particle orientation distribution

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003232
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... magnetize parts for magnetic-particle inspection. Magnetic-field strength, direction, and distribution are greatly affected by the current type used for magnetization. The fields produced by direct and alternating current have different characteristics. The important difference in magnetic-particle...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006468
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... magnetizing parts for magnetic-particle inspection. The strength, direction, and distribution of magnetic fields are greatly affected by the type of current used for magnetization. The fields produced by direct and alternating current differ in many respects. The important difference with regard to magnetic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... statistical and spatial distributions of the twelve possible orientation variants (OVs) of the α phase that satisfy the BOR with the matrix β grain define the so-called transformation texture or α-phase texture, which also plays a critical role in determining the properties and service performance of titanium...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003251
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... orientations are often then associated with the preferred orientation. Fig. 13 X-ray pole figure characterizing nonrandom distribution of {111} poles (plane normals) in sample from rolled sheet. Contours indicate pole densities of 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 times those in a randomly oriented sample. Numbers...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0009017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... an optimized gating system will be made easier by the application of several fundamental principles of fluid flow. The article illustrates the Bernoulli's theorem, the law of continuity, and the effect of momentum. Most casting alloys are subject to the presence of particles that can deleteriously...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003054
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., the distributions in particle size and packing create a pore size distribution in the final stage. With long sintering times, the number of pores decreases and pore size coarsens, and the total porosity may even increase. Differences in pore curvature will lead to growth of the larger pores at the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... temperatures considerably in an Al 0.5Zr alloy. The particles were spherical particles, plates on {100} planes, and rod shaped in the <100> direction. The dispersoids were heterogeneously distributed, with the sphere and the rod shape most prevalent. They were found with higher density at subgrain...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001837
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... quantitative fractography is to express the characteristics of the features in the fracture surface in quantitative terms, such as the true area, length, size, spacing, orientation, and location, as well as distributions of these, as required. As will be discussed in this article, the more prominent techniques...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... rolling direction; heavier thicknesses used in power transformers, thinner thicknesses generally used in distribution transformers. Energy savings improve with lower core loss. M-5 3.15 7.65 M-4 3.15 7.65 M-3 3.15 7.65 High-permeability oriented steel … … 2.9–3.15 7.65 Low core...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003038
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
.... It discusses the mechanical, physical and material properties of pultruded products, and the orientation options available to utilize the properties advantageously. The article also provides guidelines for designing pultruded products. chemical resistance corrosion resistance design...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005458
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... of strain-hardening grains of different orientations and cohesive grain-boundary layers that exhibit a viscous response. The strain in the material is seen to be nonuniform, even in the absence of nondeformable particles. Strain incompatibility can thus be generated easily, and this too can lead to...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003052
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... chemical synthesis comminution granulation particle size distribution IN PROCESSING CERAMIC POWDERS, the key considerations are the: Raw materials Processing additives Methods used for comminution, batching and mixing, granulation and spray drying, calcination, chemical synthesis, and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... wear debris was mainly oxide, but at higher loads, the debris particles were metal flakes approximately five times larger than the oxide debris particles. Lowest wear rates in both regimes were found for ASTM type A flake graphite of size 3 to 4, randomly distributed in a pearlite matrix. Similar...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003053
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... characterized (including the particle shape, average particle size, and particle size distribution), and the consolidation method must be both selected and conducted properly. Consolidation methods can be classified into two broad categories: dry and wet. Dry techniques are those in which the inorganic powder...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... extremely fine, dispersed second-phase particles are: solution heat treatment, quenching, and age hardening. Finally, the article also discusses the process parameters of annealing, including the effect of strain, effect of temperature, effect of heating rate, and the effect of alloy elements, and the...
Book Chapter

By P.S. Grant
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... density distribution on a number basis, with the same superimposed boundaries When droplets/particles arrive at the mushy preform top surface, some solid particles bounce from the preform surface and are lost as overspray, while substantially liquid droplets deform and may splash at the preform...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... be either aligned or randomly oriented in the matrix material. Figure 2 demonstrates a particle-reinforced composite in which irregularly shaped particles of a second phase are dispersed in a metallic matrix. The particles or whiskers incorporated in these composites can be made of graphite or...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003988
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... atomization are typically used. In P/M parts, surface finish is related to the particle size distribution of the powder. In powder forging, however, the surface finish is directly related to the finish of the forging tools. This being the case, it might be considered possible to use coarser powders for powder...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... ). In a free-jet expansion, the random motion of gas-phase particles in a high-pressure plasma is converted to a directed mass flow by expanding through a pinhole into a low-pressure region. Free-jet expansions are characterized by narrow, energetic velocity distribution about a center of mass velocity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... fracture and segmentation. The local shearing also produces relative local rotations of adjacent elements of a given alpha platelet, thereby providing a means of randomizing the orientation of equiaxed alpha particles and preventing microtexture, that is, groups of alpha particles derived from a given...