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partial molar thermal properties

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Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract This article provides accessible information on the thermodynamic properties of liquid aluminum-base and copper-base alloys with the help of phase diagrams. It contains tables that compile the thermodynamic data in the form of activities, activity coefficients, partial molar thermal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003588
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... of gas mixtures and partial pressures of volatile oxidation products. oxygen gaseous corrosion crystal structure molar volume thermal properties pure metals oxides free energy oxidation process pure divalent metal Richardson-Jeffes diagram Gibbs energy stability range METALS can...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... coefficient for 1 wt% standard state F * Integral free energy of solution F Faraday's constant G i Gibbs free energy of component i Δ G Integral molar free energy Δ G ¯ i Partial molar free energy of component i Δ G i o Molar free energy...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003066
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... in predictable ways. For example, for selenides of the type Ge-As-Se, the glass transformation temperature, hardness, Young's modulus, and strength increase, while the thermal expansion coefficient and molar volume decrease with a tighter structure. The properties of these glasses also depend on the type...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
...: (Eq 31) d G c = μ A d n A ( T , P , n B  constant ) The proportionality constant, μ A , is called the partial molar free energy of A , or alternatively, the chemical potential of A in the phase. The chemical potential, μ A , depends on the composition...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... Abstract This article provides a discussion on the process descriptions, processing conditions, and processing variables of the most common chemical methods for metal powder production. These methods include oxide reduction, precipitation from solution, and thermal decomposition. Methods...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003590
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... thicker. The tensile stress created by volume contraction may partially counteract the compressive growth stresses usually present. Thermal Stresses A common cause of failure of oxide protective scales is the stress created by cooling from the reaction temperature. The stress generated in the oxide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006046
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... in interior can coatings and tank linings as well as for heat exchanger tube coatings because of their high chemical and thermal resistance. The article concludes with a description of the concerns that a specifier, user, or applicator should be aware of regarding the use of phenolic coatings. bisphenol...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... To make the appropriate calculations, first evaluate the thermal stability of each constituent. Then, consider the melting and dissolution behavior under equilibrium conditions. Finally, assess the redox potentials, taking into account the partial pressure values of the initial constituents and of all...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... structure, density, mechanical properties, physical properties, electrical properties, thermal properties, and magnetic properties. ceramics crystallographic data diamond electrical properties engineering data graphite magnetic properties mechanical properties physical properties thermal...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... curing and curing agents. The article provides descriptions of commercial product forms and the wide array of applications of thermosetting resins. It also tabulates the performance properties (mechanical, thermal, electrical and chemical resistance) of some families of unfilled or unreinforced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003366
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... laminates. Manufacturers of phenolic prepregs are Cytec-Fiberite, M.C. Gill, Hexcel, J.D. Lincoln, Lewcott Corporation, and Aerocell. Conventional applications of solution-based thermal cured phenolic composites are in ballistic components. Typical properties are summarized in Table 4 ( Ref 5...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001342
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... tearing. Solidification Cracking (Hot Cracking) Hot cracks are solidification cracks that occur in the fusion zone near the end of solidification. Simplistically, they result from the inability of the semisolid material to accommodate the thermal shrinkage strains associated with weld...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... and thermal stability, surface activity, chemical resistance, and corrosion protection. Two areas of interest include zinc-rich primers and chromium replacement. Zinc-Rich Primers As early as 1962, partial hydrolyzates of alkoxy silanes (e.g., tetra-ethoxysilane), or alkali silicates, combined...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006926
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Abstract The susceptibility of plastics to environmental failure, when exposed to organic chemicals, can limit their use in many applications. A combination of chemical and physical factors, along with stress, usually leads to a serious deterioration in properties, even if stress...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005511
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... material with desirable mechanical properties, such as strength, toughness, and resistance to creep, in addition to being oxidation resistant. However, it is known that the mechanical behavior of a material is governed by its microstructure, which is developed due to the interplay of thermodynamics...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005675
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... and mechanical properties than alumina ceramics, which had been studied intensively. More than ten years after the discovery of partially and totally stabilized zirconia ( Ref 10 ), studies on zirconia ceramics for orthopaedic devices, such as an articulate ball of a hip joint prosthesis and a femoral component...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... properties (strength, toughness, and hardness), chemical properties (acid, base, and weather durability), and physical properties (thermal expansion, softening temperature, density, refractive index, light transmittance as a function of wavelength, and light scattering). Often, the properties that influence...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005434
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... (or peculiar) molecular motion exists at the microscopic scale: Molecules move in random directions with a thermal speed c', and c = c' in this particular case. Macroscopic properties can be derived by calculating moments of the distribution function. The average value of a given molecular quantity, Q...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005677
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
..., dental cements, porcelain and plastic denture teeth, dental feldspathic porcelain and ceramics, endodontic instruments, periodontal instruments, and orthodontic wires. The article describes the correlations of properties such as the hardness, fracture toughness, and wear. It provides information on wear...