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partial immersion

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Image
Published: 01 August 2013
Fig. 11 Typical parts selectively carburized by partial immersion. Only the portion that is to be carburized is immersed in the bath. Area to be carburized is shaded. More
Book Chapter

By Te-Lin Yau
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003645
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
..., volume, velocity, and waterline effects; specimen surface preparation; method of immersion of specimens; duration of test; and method of cleaning specimens. The article discusses the different conditions of immersion testing, namely, full immersion condition, high temperature condition, partial immersion...
Image
Published: 01 January 2003
Fig. 3 Resin flask used to conduct simple immersion tests. A, thermowell; B, resin flask; C, specimens hung on supporting device (C-1, vapor phase; C-2, partial immersion; C-3, total immersion); D, air inlet; E, heating mantle; F, liquid interface; G, opening in flask for additional apparatus More
Image
Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 15 Stress at fracture versus strain rate in slow-strain-rate SCC tests of AZ91. The specimens were partially immersed in distilled water. Strain was controlled with a linear ramp to maintain the desired strain rate. Source: Ref 25 More
Image
Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 54 Plot showing the effect of initial tensile stress on stress-corrosion cracking time to fracture of brass in three corrosive environments at room temperature. Curve A: samples were partially immersed in concentrated ammonium hydroxide; B: samples were exposed to the vapor More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... hydrodynamic conditions ( Ref 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 ). The type of exposure is also important in test design; total, partial, or intermittent exposure can change the mode and rate of corrosion. For immersion testing, all test specimens should be immersed at approximately the same depth in the test environment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... cleaning (that is, sandblasting) or acid pickling prior to carburizing in the noncyanide mixture. It is vital that parts be completely dry before immersing the components in the molten bath. Low-Toxicity and Regenerable Salt Bath Processes <xref rid="a0005778-ref2" ref-type="bibr">(Ref 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006026
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... glass test cell exposure, chemical spot tests, or partial/full immersion. One-Sided Testing Commonly referred to as Atlas cell or Corrocell testing, one-sided testing is a procedure that can be used to evaluate the chemical resistance of a polymer-based protective lining in immersion or partial...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003663
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... or epoxy; by keeping the joint area out of the electrolyte by partial immersion of the specimen, in which case a waterline area is created; or by use of a tube and gasket or O-ring seal, in the case of a threaded mounting rod. Mounting the specimen in a specially formulated epoxy has been found...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... techniques in quench tank agitation to establish uniformity of the quenched part. Common techniques include quenchant stirring, quenchant circulation, and submerged jet/spray mixing. The article also describes the effect of quenching agitation and reviews heat-transfer characteristics of immersion quenching...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... Soils removed by alkaline cleaning include oils, grease, waxes, metallic fines, and dirt. Alkaline cleaners are applied by either spray or immersion facilities and are usually followed by a warm water rinse. A properly cleaned metal surface optimizes the performance of a coating that is subsequently...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... Abstract This article reviews various test methods used for evaluating the corrosion resistance of powder metallurgy stainless steels. These include immersion testing, salt spray testing, and electrochemical testing. The article discusses the factors that affect corrosion resistance of sintered...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... atmosphere, and very susceptible when partially immersed in distilled water, with fractures occurring at stresses at least 50% of the yield strength. The SCC fractures plotted in Fig. 14 generally occurred at, or very close to, the tip of the meniscus formed at the water-air interface. Figure 15 shows...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006070
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... levels of salts beneath coatings. The information shows that there appears to be a threshold limit to the salt contamination that a given coating/coating system can tolerate in a given environment. corrosion degradation immersion test osmotic blistering solubility tolerance IT IS WELL...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003752
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... is of esthetic value only. Color etching methods are widely used, although they are not universal. Color etchants have been developed for a limited number of metals and alloys, and they are not always easy to use, nor are they fully reliable. Color etchants are used by immersion or electrolytically...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003768
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... to the area of interest. Dry abrasive-wheel cutting can also be used with the same precautions. The next series of cuts to reduce the specimen to metallographic dimensions should be performed using a “soft” silicon carbide abrasive wheel with flood cooling and a slow feed rate. Immersion electric...