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palladium plating

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001254
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract The electroplating of platinum-group metals (PGMs) from aqueous electrolytes for engineering applications is limited principally to palladium and, to a lesser extent, to platinum, rhodium, and thin layers of ruthenium. This article provides a discussion on the plating operations of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract Electroless, or autocatalytic, metal plating is a nonelectrolytic method of deposition from solution that can be plated uniformly over all surfaces, regardless of size and shape. The plating's ability to plate onto nonconductors is an advantage that contributes to the choice of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... plated over a palladium deposit over a bright acid-copper deposit, where nickel-free deposits are desired. (The European Common Market is concerned about nickel dermatitis from costume jewelry, snap fasteners, and other items that contact the skin.) Occasionally, the flash gold deposit is applied over a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001261
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Bath plating Selective plating Cadmium 30–50 20–27 Chromium 750–1100 (a) 850–1100 Cobalt 180–440 510 Copper 53–350 140–210 Gold 40–100 140–150 Lead 4–20 7 Nickel 150–760 280–580 Palladium 85–450 375 Rhodium 550–1000 800 Silver 42–190 70–140 Tin...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001264
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... adhesion, plastics are typically etched in acidic solutions or organic solvents to roughen their surface and to provide more bonding sites. In order to initiate electroless nickel plating on plastics (or other nonmetals) their etched surfaces must first be catalyzed with stannous chloride and palladium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001266
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... some extent, other precious metals such as palladium and silver. This article describes the electroless gold plating technique in terms of its advantages and limitations, applications, processing, and the properties of the plated deposits. Advantages of electroless deposition of gold...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001262
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... pulsed current include gold and gold alloys, nickel, silver, chromium, tin-lead alloys, and palladium. Pulsed current is also used for anodizing and, in select cases, for etching, electrocleaning, and electroforming. The advantages of pulse plating vary from one application to the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001245
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... brighteners), nickel-cobalt, nickel-palladium, and tin-nickel. An alloy plating process that is growing in importance is zinc-nickel, containing 8 to 12% Ni. In addition, the incorporation of inert particles within a nickel matrix is possible, and coatings that incorporate silicon carbide, diamonds, mica...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... They are used primarily as alloying elements in other precious metals. Rhodium is occasionally fabricated in the unalloyed form, but it is more commonly used as an alloying element with platinum and to a lesser extent, with palladium. It is also used as a plating on jewelry metals for whiteness and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005670
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article focuses on the use of noble and precious metals for biomedical applications. The noble metals include gold, platinum, palladium, ruthenium, rhodium, iridium, and osmium. The physical and mechanical properties of the noble and precious metals are presented in tables. A...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract This article characterizes the corrosion resistance of precious metals, namely, ruthenium, rhodium, palladium, silver, osmium, iridium, platinum, and gold. It provides a discussion on the general fabricability; atomic, structural, physical, and mechanical properties; oxidation and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003022
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... discusses the selection of plastics for plating. This article also describes metallizing techniques, including plating (electrolytic or electroplating), vacuum metallizing and thermal spraying, and environmental considerations. The article discusses the quality assurance procedures for metallized plastic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001313
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... alloy overlay will protect chromium from nitriding. A duplex coating will give good service for molybdenum up to 1200 °C (2195 °F). Table 4 Metallic coatings for molybdenum Process type Material Thickness range μm μin. Electrodeposition Chromium, nickel, gold, iridium, palladium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... oxidation resistance through the use of polishing, buffing, and wire brushing operations. The article also covers a wide range of surface modification and coating processes, including ion implantation, diffusion, chemical and physical vapor deposition, plating, anodizing, and chemical conversion coatings as...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0006541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... coating M Brass, low copper; bronze, low copper Metallic coating N Brass, high copper; bronze, high copper Metallic coating O Copper, high nickel Metallic coating P Nickel, cobalt Metallic coating Q Titanium Anodized R Silver Plating S Palladium, rhodium, gold, platinum...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... activation of copper for subsequent electroless nickel plating in printed circuit board applications. The addition of ruthenium reduces the number of palladium atoms on the surface and improves the adhesion of the nickel to the copper. The electroless alloy coatings discussed in this article are produced...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... from copper and copper alloys than from any other class of material. In applications where copper metals undergo substantial oxidation, silver metals can be used. Tungsten or, more rarely, molybdenum is used where a high melting point is required. Platinum, palladium, and gold are used where reliable...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... titanium surfaces. The titanium-palladium (Ti-Pd), titanium-ruthenium (Ti-Ru), and grade 12 alloys appear to be much more resistant to this form of localized attack. Fig. 5 Smeared surface iron pitting of unalloyed titanium tubing in hot brine service. Source: Ref 22 Several highly effective...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003142
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... noble metals such as platinum, palladium, and rhodium. The second includes nickel, molybdenum, and tungsten. The third group includes zirconium, tantalum, chromium, and possibly molybdenum. Considerable work has been done on the use of noble metals as alloying additions in titanium. An outgrowth of this...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001317
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... structures, into which catalytic materials such as palladium, platinum, cobalt, chromium oxide, and vanadium pentoxide are deposited using the methods described above. At one time, it was thought that catalyst carriers only served to provide inert high surface areas with suitable strength and durability, on...