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pack aluminizing

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...Partial list of commercial applications of pack cementation aluminizing Table 3 Partial list of commercial applications of pack cementation aluminizing Industry Component Typical materials aluminized Hydrocarbon processing Refinery heater tubes 2 1 4 % Cr-1% Mo steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003686
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... alloying (ion implantation, laser surface alloying) Source: Ref 6 Fig. 1 Typical pack of constituents for a laboratory scale cementation pack Fig. 4 Schematic showing progressive stages of aluminization in a low-activity aluminum pack. (a) Pure nickel (e 1 forms first...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
...Typical characteristics of pack cementation processes Table 1 Typical characteristics of pack cementation processes Process Nature of case Process temperature Typical case depth Case hardness, HRC Typical base metals Process characteristics °C °F Aluminizing (pack...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003218
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... the characteristics of different pack cementation processes, including aluminizing, siliconizing, chromizing, boronizing, and multicomponent coating. aluminizing boronizing chemical vapor deposition chemical vapor deposition materials chromizing multicomponent coating siliconizing CHEMICAL VAPOR...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003218
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... discusses the characteristics of different pack cementation processes, including aluminizing, siliconizing, chromizing, boronizing, and multicomponent coating. aluminizing boronizing chemical vapor deposition chemical vapor deposition materials chromizing multicomponent coating siliconizing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002466
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
.... , Pack Cementation Aluminizing of Steels , Surface Engineering , Vol 5 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1994 , p 617 – 620 58. Beck W. , “Comparison of Carbon Steel, Alonized Type 304 for Use as Dummy Slabs in Reheat Furnace Operation,” Alon Processing, Inc. Tarentum, PA 59...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Fig. 16 Weight gain for 1 h at 982 °C (1800 °F) in air for (a) uncoated alloy, (b) sputtered yttria, (c) boron oxide from solution, (d) sodium aluminum borophosphate from solution, (e) calcium phosphate from solution, (f) calcium aluminate from solution, (g) calcium aluminophosphate from solution...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Predicted 10 year corrosion rates for galvanized and aluminized steel panels Table 2 Predicted 10 year corrosion rates for galvanized and aluminized steel panels Tested 250 m (800 ft) from the ocean at Kure Beach, NC Coating Predicted weight loss, g/m 2 Skyward exposure Groundward exposure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... (0.1–1 mil) 40–60 (a) Low-carbon steels Low-distortion process for thin case on low-carbon steel; most processes are proprietary Other Aluminizing (pack) Diffused aluminum 870–980 1600–1800 25 μm–1 mm (1–40 mils) < 20 Low-carbon steels Diffused coating used for oxidation...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... characterize the pack aluminizing process on nickel-base superalloys, depending on the relative aluminum activity: low-activity aluminide and high-activity aluminide ( Ref 60 ). Low-activity coatings grow predominately by outward diffusion of nickel from the substrate to form a two-zone structure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005737
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... of coating systems used on IGT components. These types of coatings were needed to enhance the life and performance of these engine components. Key coating technologies used over the years include slurry, pack cementation, galvanic, electron beam physical vapor deposition (EB-PVD), and thermal spray (air...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001280
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Temperature Life, h Method Thickness Silicide Additives °C °F μm mils Molybdenum silicide (MoSi 2 ) None Mo-0.5 Ti 1480 2700 10 Fluidized bed 25–50 1–2 Nb Mo-0.5 Ti 1540 2800 12 Pack cementation 75 3 Cr, Al Mo-0.5 Ti 1540 2800 8 Pack cementation (b) 60 2 Cr Mo...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005772
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... (a) , wt% Process steps investigated (a) Substrate(s) treated Temperature, °C (°F) Reference Boroaluminizing Electrolytic salt bath 3–20% Al 2 O 3 in borax S Plain carbon steels 900 (1650) 67 Boroaluminizing Pack 84% B 4 C + 16% borax97% ferroaluminum + 3% NH 4 Cl S Plain carbon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004144
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... in corrosion management. The use of electrogalvanized steel, aluminum, and polymers has had a major impact on improving the corrosion performance of automotive bodies. Stainless steel use has increased over the past 25 years. Most exhaust systems use stainless steel or aluminized stainless steel for corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004156
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... surfaces, is the most widely accepted process. Co-diffusion coatings that introduce two or more protective elements simultaneously, such as chromizing/aluminizing and chromizing/siliconizing, have also been developed ( Ref 25 ). See the article “Pack Cementation Coatings” in ASM Handbook, Volume 13A...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
..., the introduction of the atomization process, which allowed the manufacture of the forerunners of today's atomized powders. Atomized aluminum powder was used initially only as raw material to produce aluminum flake pigments by ball milling. After World War II and the development of aluminized high explosives...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001283
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., as shown schematically in Fig. 6 . Pack cementation is a common industrial process with large-scale applications in chromizing, aluminizing, and siliconizing. Two other activation methods based on a laser have recently been developed ( Ref 8 , 11 ). As of the mid-1990s, the thermal-laser and photo...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003052
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... casting Produced in United States, United Kingdom, and Japan Spinel Sintered or fused magnesia aluminate, MgO·Al 2 O 3 Addition to fired magnesia bricks to improve thermal shock resistance for application in cement kilns and glass tanks Produced in United States, United Kingdom, Germany, and Japan...